53rd United States Congress

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53rd United States Congress
52nd ← → 54th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1895

Senate President: Adlai E. Stevenson (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Charles F. Manderson (R)
Isham G. Harris (D) (twice)
Matt W. Ransom (D)
House Speaker: Charles F. Crisp (D)
Members: 88 Senators
356 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

1st: August 7, 1893 – November 3, 1893
2nd: December 4, 1893 – August 28, 1894
3rd: December 3, 1894 – March 3, 1895

The Fifty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1893 to March 4, 1895, during the fifth and sixth years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


TOTAL members: 88

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 356


Senate President
Adlai Stevenson


House of Representatives[edit]

House Speaker
Charles F. Crisp

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

"Gorman's Triumph— A Humiliating Spectacle", cartoon by W. A. Rogers depicting President Cleveland's humiliation by the Sugar Trust.


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1898; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1894; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1896.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 8
  • interim appointments: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 21
  • deaths: 11
  • resignations: 18
  • contested election: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 32



House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]