540s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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Events[edit]

540


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Persia[edit]
Africa[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]
World[edit]

541


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Persia[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


542

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]
Literature[edit]

543


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Africa[edit]
Persia[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Learning[edit]
Religion[edit]


544


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Persia[edit]
  • King Khosrau I unsuccessfully attacks the Byzantine fortress city of Dara. The siege of Edessa is repulsed, and the Persians are forced into a stalemate.
Africa[edit]
  • Battle of Cillium: A Byzantine army under Solomon is defeated by the Moors on the border of Numidia. Solomon and his bodyguard are forced to retreat and are later killed.[15][16]
Asia[edit]
  • February – Lý Bí is declared emperor and establishes the empire Van Xuân (modern Vietnam). His armies repel attacks from the kingdom of Champa.
  • October – The Liang dynasty retaliates against Van Xuân, and sends an imperial army (120,000 men) under Chen Baxian to re-occupy the region.

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


545

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Persia[edit]
Ireland[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


546

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Americas[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

547

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

548

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Persia[edit]
  • Lazic War: King Gubazes II revolts against the Persians, and requests aid from Justinian I. He sends a Byzantine expeditionary force (8,000 men) to Lazica (modern Georgia).
  • Gubazes II besieges the fortress of Petra, located on the Black Sea. The Persian army under Mermeroes defeats a small Byzantine force guarding the mountain passes, and relieves Petra.
  • Mermeroes stations a garrison of 3,000 men in the stronghold of Petra, and marches to Armenia. The Persians, lacking sufficient supplies, secure the supply routes and plunder Lazica.
Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Commerce[edit]
Religion[edit]

549

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Persia[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herwig Wolfram, History of the Goths (University of California Press), 1990
  2. ^ Rome at War (p. 56). Michael Whitby, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-359-4
  3. ^ Graham & 2002 p. 44
  4. ^ "In 1986 I discovered that a series of Irish oaks exhibited their narrowest rings in the immediate vicinity of..".  080205 aryabhata.de
  5. ^ Baillie, M.G.L. (2007). Tree-Rings Indicate Global Environmental Downturns that could have been Caused by Comet Debris, Chap. 5 in Bobrowsky, Peter T. and Hans Rickman (eds.), Comet/Asteroid Impacts and Human Society: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. ISBN 3-540-32709-6, pp. 105–122.
  6. ^ Highfield, Roger; Robert Uhlig and David Derbyshire (9 Sep 2000). "Comet caused Dark Ages, says tree ring expert". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "El Chichon eruption implicated in Mayan upheaval - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-04-20. 
  8. ^ a b Frye Ancient Iran
  9. ^ Bury 1923, Volume 2, p. 57–58; Martindale et al. p. 633, 815, 915
  10. ^ Farrokh 2007, p. 235
  11. ^ J.B. Bury, 1923. History of the later Roman Empire, chapter XIX
  12. ^ Bury (1923), Vol. II, Chapter XIX, p. 231-233
  13. ^ Bauer, Susan Wise (2010). The History of the Medieval World: "From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade", p. 231. ISBN 978-0-393-05975-5
  14. ^ J. Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium, p. 77
  15. ^ Kazhdan 1991, "Solomon", pp. 1925–1926.
  16. ^ Martindale et al. p. 1175–1176; Bury & 1958 p. 145
  17. ^ Procopius. History. XXV. 26 Vol. IV 261
  18. ^ Morton, H. V. (2003). A Traveller in Rome. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306811316. 
  19. ^ Pringle & 1981 p. 202
  20. ^ Pringle & 1981 p. 205-206
  21. ^ Saint of the Day, November 7: Herculanus of Perugia at SaintPatrickDC.org
  22. ^ O'Donnell, James (2008). The Ruin of the Roman Empire. New York: HarperCollins. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-06-078737-0. 
  23. ^ Isidore of Seville, Historia de regibus Gothorum, Vandalorum et Suevorum, chapter 44. Translation by Guido Donini and Gordon B. Ford, Isidore of Seville's History of the Goths, Vandals, and Suevi, second revised edition (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1970), p.21
  24. ^ Martindale et al. p. 381-382
  25. ^ Council of Orléans at the Catholic Encyclopedia