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This article is about the year 542. For the number, see 542 (number). For other uses, see 542 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 5th century6th century7th century
Decades: 510s  520s  530s  – 540s –  550s  560s  570s
Years: 539 540 541542543 544 545
542 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishment and disestablishment categories
542 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 542
Ab urbe condita 1295
Assyrian calendar 5292
Bengali calendar −51
Berber calendar 1492
Buddhist calendar 1086
Burmese calendar −96
Byzantine calendar 6050–6051
Chinese calendar 辛酉(Metal Rooster)
3238 or 3178
    — to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
3239 or 3179
Coptic calendar 258–259
Discordian calendar 1708
Ethiopian calendar 534–535
Hebrew calendar 4302–4303
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 598–599
 - Shaka Samvat 464–465
 - Kali Yuga 3643–3644
Holocene calendar 10542
Iranian calendar 80 BP – 79 BP
Islamic calendar 83 BH – 81 BH
Julian calendar 542
Korean calendar 2875
Minguo calendar 1370 before ROC
Seleucid era 853/854 AG
Thai solar calendar 1084–1085
King Totila razes the walls of Florence

Year 542 (DXLII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. From this year forward, the appointment of particular Roman consuls was abandoned and the office was merged with that of Byzantine emperor. Thus, the consular year dating was abandoned in practice, even though it formally remained until the end of the 9th century. The denomination 542 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]


By topic[edit]






  1. ^ Farrokh 2007, p. 235
  2. ^ J.B. Bury, 1923. History of the later Roman Empire, chapter XIX