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Millennium: 1st millennium
544 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 544
Ab urbe condita 1297
Assyrian calendar 5294
Balinese saka calendar 465–466
Bengali calendar −49
Berber calendar 1494
Buddhist calendar 1088
Burmese calendar −94
Byzantine calendar 6052–6053
Chinese calendar 癸亥(Water Pig)
3240 or 3180
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3241 or 3181
Coptic calendar 260–261
Discordian calendar 1710
Ethiopian calendar 536–537
Hebrew calendar 4304–4305
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 600–601
 - Shaka Samvat 465–466
 - Kali Yuga 3644–3645
Holocene calendar 10544
Iranian calendar 78 BP – 77 BP
Islamic calendar 80 BH – 79 BH
Javanese calendar 431–432
Julian calendar 544
Korean calendar 2877
Minguo calendar 1368 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −924
Seleucid era 855/856 AG
Thai solar calendar 1086–1087
Tibetan calendar 阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
670 or 289 or −483
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
671 or 290 or −482
Otranto seen from the castle (2008)

Year 544 (DXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 544 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]


  • King Khosrau I unsuccessfully attacks the Byzantine fortress city of Dara. The siege of Edessa is repulsed, and the Persians are forced into a stalemate.


  • Battle of Cillium: A Byzantine army under Solomon is defeated by the Moors on the border of Numidia. Solomon and his bodyguard are forced to retreat and are later killed.[2][3]


  • February – Lý Bí is declared emperor and establishes the empire Van Xuân (modern Vietnam). His armies repel attacks from the kingdom of Champa.
  • October – The Liang dynasty retaliates against Van Xuân, and sends an imperial army (120,000 men) under Chen Baxian to re-occupy the region.

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ J. Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium, p. 77
  2. ^ Kazhdan 1991, "Solomon", pp. 1925–1926.
  3. ^ Martindale et al.; Bury, 1958 & p. 145