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Millennium: 1st millennium
544 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar544
Ab urbe condita1297
Assyrian calendar5294
Balinese saka calendar465–466
Bengali calendar−49
Berber calendar1494
Buddhist calendar1088
Burmese calendar−94
Byzantine calendar6052–6053
Chinese calendar癸亥年 (Water Pig)
3240 or 3180
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3241 or 3181
Coptic calendar260–261
Discordian calendar1710
Ethiopian calendar536–537
Hebrew calendar4304–4305
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat600–601
 - Shaka Samvat465–466
 - Kali Yuga3644–3645
Holocene calendar10544
Iranian calendar78 BP – 77 BP
Islamic calendar80 BH – 79 BH
Javanese calendar431–432
Julian calendar544
Korean calendar2877
Minguo calendar1368 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−924
Seleucid era855/856 AG
Thai solar calendar1086–1087
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
670 or 289 or −483
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
671 or 290 or −482
Otranto seen from the castle (2008)

Year 544 (DXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 544 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]



  • Battle of Cillium: A medium-sized Byzantine army under Solomon is defeated by the Moors on the border of Numidia. Solomon and his bodyguard are forced to retreat and are later killed.[2][3][4]


  • February – Lý Bí is declared emperor and establishes the empire Van Xuân (modern Vietnam). His armies repel attacks from the kingdom of Champa.
  • October – The Liang dynasty retaliates against Van Xuân, and sends an imperial army (120,000 men) under Chen Baxian to re-occupy the region.

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ J. Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium, p. 77
  2. ^ Kazhdan 1991, "Solomon", pp. 1925–1926.
  3. ^ Martindale, Jones & Morris 1992, pp. 1175–1176
  4. ^ Bury 1958, p. 145


  • Martindale, John Robert; Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin; Morris, J., eds. (1992). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume III: A.D. 527–641. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-20160-5.
  • Bury, John Bagnell (1958). History of the Later Roman Empire: From the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian, Volume 2. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-486-20399-9.
  • Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.