54th Fighter Squadron

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54th Fighter Squadron
54th Tactical Fighter Squadron - McDonnell Douglas F-15C-30-MC Eagle - 81-0020.jpg
54th Tactical Fighter Squadron - McDonnell Douglas F-15C-30-MC Eagle - 81-0020
Active 15 January 1941 – 21 March 1946
1 December 1952 – 25 December 1960
8 May 1947 -
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Nickname(s) Alaska's First Guardians
Decorations Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA
Emblem of the 54th Fighter Squadron 54th Fighter Squadron.jpg

The 54th Fighter Squadron (54 FS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was to the 3d Operations Group, being stationed at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska. It was inactivated on 28 April 2000.


Northrop F-89J-50-NO Scorpion 53-2453 stationed at Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota. Loading inert Genie nuclear missile at Tyndall AFB, Florida, 1957
54th FIS (Air Defense Command)

Activated on 15 Jan 1941 at Hamilton Field, California as a P-40 Warhawk pursuit group as part of the defense buildup of the United States prior to World War II.

Deployed to Alaska in mid-1942 and engaged the Japanese during the Aleutian Campaign during World War II. Engaged in combat in the Aleutians, 1942-1943 with long-range P-38 Lightnings. Remained in Alaska after the removal of Japanese forces, flying long range escorts for B-24 Liberator bombing attacks of northern Japanese Kurile Islands, inactivated in 1946.

Reactivated by redesignation of North Dakota Air National Guard 175th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron in 1952 which was reverted to state control. Assigned to Air Defense Command. Mission was to provide air defense for upper Midwest. Assumed ANG F-51D Mustangs, upgraded to F-84D Thunderjet jet aircraft being returned from combat in Korea in July 1953. Upgraded to F-84Gs in December 1953; upgraded to F-86D Sabre in April 1954; upgraded to F-89J Scorpion interceptors in 1957 interceptors in 1957 at Ellsworth AFB, Rapid City, South Dakota. Inactivated on 25 Dec 1960.

Reactivated as an F-15 Eagle air superiority squadron in Alaska in 1987, it provided air defense until being inactivated in 2000.


  • Constituted 54th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 Nov 1940
Activated on 15 Jan 1941
Redesignated: 54th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) (Twin Engine) on 31 Jan 1942
Redesignated: 54th Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 15 May 1942
Redesignated: 54th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, on 20 Aug 1943
Inactivated on 21 Mar 1946
  • Redesignated 54th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 10 Oct 1952
Activated on 1 Dec 1952 as redesignation of 175th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (ND ANG)
Discontinued, and inactivated, on 25 Dec 1960
  • Redesignated 54th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 13 Jan 1987
Activated on 8 May 1987
Redesignated 54th Fighter Squadron on 26 Sep 1991
Inactivated on 28 Apr 2000


Attached to XI Fighter Command, 31 May – 11 Sep 1941


Detachment at Fort Randall Army Airfield, Alaska Territory, c. 6 Jun-c. 31 Jul 1942
Detachment at Fort Glenn Army Airfield, Alaska Territory, c. 6 Jun-c. 19 Sep 1942



 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

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