54th New York State Legislature
|54th New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||January 1 – December 31, 1831|
|President||Lt. Gov. Edward P. Livingston (J)|
|Party control||Jacksonian (24-8)|
|Speaker||George R. Davis (J)|
The 54th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 4 to April 26, 1831, during the third year of Enos T. Throop's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.
State Senator Moses Hayden died on February 13, 1830, leaving a vacancy in the Eighth District.
At this time, there were three political parties: the Jacksonians (supporting President Andrew Jackson; led by U.S. Secretary of State Martin Van Buren), the Anti-Masons, and the National Republicans (supporting Henry Clay for the presidency).
The Anti-Masonic state convention met in August 1830 at Utica, and nominated Assemblyman Francis Granger for governor, and Samuel Stevens, of New York City, for lieutenant governor. The National Republicans did not call a convention, and supported the Anti-Masonic ticket.
The State election was held from November 1 to 3, 1830. Gov. Enos T. Throop was re-elected, and Edward P. Livingston was elected lieutenant governor.
State Senator Jonathan S. Conklin (1st D.) was re-elected. David M. Westcott (2nd D.), William I. Dodge (4th D.), Henry A. Foster (5th D.), Charles W. Lynde (6th D.), William H. Seward (7th D.), Trumbull Cary (8th D.); and Assemblymen Herman I. Quackenboss (3rd D.) and Philo C. Fuller (8th D.) were also elected to the Senate. Lynde, Seward, Cary and Fuller were Anti-Masons, the other five were Jacksonians.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 4, 1831; and adjourned on April 26.
On January 6, Cary and Fuller drew lots to decide which one of the two senators elected in the 8th District would serve the short term, and which one the full term. Fuller drew the short term, and Cary the full term.
On February 1, the Legislature re-elected State Treasurer Abraham Keyser, Jr..
On June 3, a National Republican state convention met at Albany, Peter R. Livingston was Chairman. The convention chose delegates to the National Republican national convention which would nominate Henry Clay for U.S. President, among them Stephen Van Rensselaer and Ambrose Spencer.
- The First District (4 seats) consisted of Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond and Suffolk counties.
- The Second District (4 seats) consisted of Delaware, Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester counties.
- The Third District (4 seats) consisted of Albany, Columbia, Greene, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Schoharie counties.
- The Fourth District (4 seats) consisted of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren and Washington counties.
- The Fifth District (4 seats) consisted of Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida and Oswego counties.
- The Sixth District (4 seats) consisted of Broome, Chenango, Cortland, Otsego, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins counties.
- The Seventh District (4 seats) consisted of Cayuga, Onondaga, Ontario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates counties.
- The Eighth District (4 seats) consisted of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara and Orleans counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Herman I. Quackenboss and Philo C. Fuller changed from the Assembly to the Senate.
|First||John I. Schenck*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Stephen Allen*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Alpheus Sherman*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Jonathan S. Conklin*||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Second||Walker Todd*||1 year||Jacksonian||also Postmaster of Carmel|
|Samuel Rexford*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Nathaniel P. Tallmadge*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|David M. Westcott||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Third||Moses Warren*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Lewis Eaton*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|William Dietz*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Herman I. Quackenboss*||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Fourth||Reuben Sanford*||1 year||Jacksonian||also Postmaster of Wilmington|
|John McLean Jr.*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Isaac Gere*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|William I. Dodge||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Fifth||Nathaniel S. Benton*||1 year||Jacksonian||resigned on April 13, 1831, to take office as
U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of New York
|William H. Maynard*||2 years||Anti-Mason|
|Alvin Bronson*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Henry A. Foster||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Sixth||Grattan H. Wheeler*||1 year||Jacksonian||in November 1830, elected to the 22nd U.S. Congress, and
resigned his seat in the State Senate on March 3, 1831
|John F. Hubbard*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Levi Beardsley*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Charles W. Lynde||4 years||Anti-Mason|
|Seventh||George B. Throop*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Hiram F. Mather*||2 years||Anti-Mason|
|Thomas Armstrong*||3 years||Jacksonian||also Supervisor of Butler, and Chairman
of the Board of Supervisors of Wayne Co.
|William H. Seward||4 years||Anti-Mason|
|Eighth||Timothy H. Porter*||1 year||Anti-Mason|
|Philo C. Fuller*||2 years||Anti-Mason||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Moses Hayden|
|Albert H. Tracy*||3 years||Anti-Mason|
|Trumbull Cary||4 years||Anti-Mason|
- Clerk: John F. Bacon
- Albany County (3 seats)
- Allegany County (1 seat)
- Broome County (1 seat)
- Cattaraugus County (1 seat)
- Cayuga County (4 seats)
- Chautauqua County (2 seats)
- Chenango County (3 seats)
- Clinton County (1 seat)
- Columbia County (3 seats)
- Cortland County (2 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (4 seats)
- Erie County (2 seats)
- Essex County (1 seat)
- Franklin County (1 seat)
- Genesee County (3 seats)
- Greene County (2 seats)
- Hamilton and Montgomery counties (3 seats)
- Herkimer County (3 seats)
- Jefferson County (3 seats)
- Kings County (1 seat)
- Lewis County (1 seat)
- Livingston County (2 seats)
- Madison County (3 seats)
- Monroe County (3 seats)
- The City and County of New York (11 seats)
- Niagara County (1 seat)
- Oneida County (5 seats)
- Onondaga County (4 seats)
- Ontario County (3 seats)
- Orange County (3 seats)
- Orleans County (1 seat)
- Oswego County (1 seat)
- Otsego County (4 seats)
- Putnam County (1 seat)
- Queens County (1 seat)
- Rensselaer County (4 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Rockland County (1 seat)
- St. Lawrence County (2 seats)
- Saratoga County (3 seats)
- Schenectady County (1 seat)
- Schoharie County (2 seats)
- Seneca County (2 seats)
- Steuben County (2 seats)
- Suffolk County (2 seats)
- Sullivan County (1 seat)
- Tioga County (2 seats)
- Tompkins County (3 seats)
- Ulster County (2 seats)
- Warren County (1 seat)
- Washington (3 seats)
- Wayne County (2 seats)
- Westchester County (3 seats)
- Yates County (1 seat)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
The party affiliations follow the vote for U.S. Senator and state treasurer.
- Clerk: Francis Seger
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Pomeroy Jones
- Doorkeeper: Alonzo Crosby
- Assistant Doorkeeper: Oliver Scovil
- see Journal of the Senate, pg. 40
- His letter of resignation, dated April 13, was read on the next day in the State Senate, and formally accepted; see Journal of the Senate (54th Session, 1831; pg. 271)
- see Journal of the Senate (54th Session, 1831; pg. 144)
- Journal of the Assembly, 54th Session (pg. 178ff)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [pg. 109 and 441 for Senate districts; pg. 128f for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 210f for assemblymen]
- The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 2, Phinney & Co., Buffalo, 1850; pg. 336 to 368)