54th United States Congress

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54th United States Congress
53rd ←
→ 55th
USCapitol1906.jpg
March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1897
Senate PresidentAdlai E. Stevenson (D)
Senate Pres. pro temWilliam P. Frye (R)
House SpeakerThomas B. Reed (R)
Members90 senators
357 representatives
4 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican (plurality)
House MajorityRepublican
Sessions
1st: December 2, 1895 – June 11, 1896
2nd: December 7, 1896 – March 3, 1897

The Fifty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1895, to March 4, 1897, during the last two years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. The House had a Republican majority, and the Republicans were the largest party in the Senate.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

States admitted[edit]

  • January 4, 1896: Utah was admitted the 45th state.

Party summary[edit]

Senate composition, by party:
  Democratic
  Republican
  One Democratic, one Republican
  Populist
  Silver

This count identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Populist
(P)
Republican
(R)
Silver
Republican

(SR)
Silver
(S)
End of the previous congress 43 3 41 0 1 88 0
Begin 39 4 42 0 2 87 1
End 40 44 900
Final voting share 44.4% 4.4% 48.9% 0.0% 2.2%
Beginning of the next congress 33 5 43 6 1 88 2

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Populist
(P)
Republican
(R)
Silver
(S)
Other
(O)
End of the previous congress 217 11 123 1 2 354 2
Begin 104 7 240 1 0 352 4
End 94 9 252 3561
Final voting share 26.4% 2.5% 70.8% 0.3% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 124 22 206 1 4
(Silver
Republican
& Independent)
357 0

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Adlai E. Stevenson
Speaker of the House
Thomas B. Reed

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1898; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1896.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

Two seats were added when Utah was admitted and one seat was filled late.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for Vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Utah
(1)
New seat State was admitted to the Union Frank J. Cannon (R) January 22, 1896
Utah
(3)
New seat State was admitted to the Union Arthur Brown (R) January 22, 1896
Delaware
(2)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect.
A successor was eventually elected
Richard R. Kenney
(D)
January 19, 1897

House of Representatives[edit]

There were 4 deaths, 2 resignations, 13 election challenges, 1 new seat, and 4 seats vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 10-seat net loss; Republicans had a 12-seat net gain; and Populists had a 2-seat net gain.

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor seated
New York 10 Vacant Representative-elect Andrew J. Campbell died before the start of Congress.
New member elected November 5, 1895.
Amos J. Cummings (D) November 5, 1895
Illinois 10 Vacant Philip S. Post (R) was re-elected, but died before this Congress.
New member elected December 2, 1895.
George W. Prince (R) December 2, 1895
Michigan 3 Vacant Julius C. Burrows (R) was re-elected, but resigned in the previous Congress to serve in the Senate.
New member elected December 2, 1895.
Alfred Milnes (R) December 2, 1895
Pennsylvania 15 Edwin J. Jorden (R) Resigned March 4, 1895.
New member elected November 5, 1895.
James H. Codding (R) November 5, 1895
Utah Territory at-large Frank J. Cannon (R) Seat eliminated January 4, 1896 upon statehood. Seat eliminated
Utah at-large New seat State was admitted to the Union.
New member elected November 5, 1895.
Clarence E. Allen (R) January 4, 1896
Georgia 10 James C. C. Black (D) Resigned March 4, 1895.
Incumbent was subsequently re-elected October 2, 1895.
James C. C. Black (D) October 2, 1895
Massachusetts 6 William Cogswell (R) Died May 22, 1895.
New member elected November 5, 1895.
William H. Moody (R) November 5, 1895
Illinois 18 Frederick Remann (R) Died July 14, 1895.
New member elected December 2, 1895.
William F. L. Hadley (R) December 2, 1895
Illinois 3 Lawrence E. McGann (D) Election was successfully challenged December 27, 1895. Hugh R. Belknap (R) December 27, 1895
Texas 11 William H. Crain (D) Died February 10, 1896.
New member elected April 7, 1896.
Rudolph Kleberg (D) April 7, 1896
Missouri 5 John C. Tarsney (D) Election was successfully challenged February 27, 1896. Robert T. Van Horn (R) February 27, 1896
Alabama 4 Gaston A. Robbins (D) Election was successfully challenged March 13, 1896. William F. Aldrich (R) March 13, 1896
Virginia 4 William R. McKenney (D) Election was successfully challenged May 2, 1896. Robert T. Thorp (R) May 2, 1896
Louisiana 5 Charles J. Boatner (D) Election was challenged and declared vacant March 20, 1896.
Incumbent was subsequently elected June 10, 1896.
Charles J. Boatner (D) June 10, 1896
Alabama 5 James E. Cobb (D) Election was successfully challenged April 21, 1896. Albert T. Goodwyn (P) April 22, 1896
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes (D) Seat declared vacant June 1, 1896.
Incumbent was subsequently elected November 3, 1896.
J. William Stokes (D) November 3, 1896
New York 8 James J. Walsh (D) Election was successfully challenged June 2, 1896. John M. Mitchell (R) June 2, 1896
South Carolina 1 William Elliott (D) Election was successfully challenged June 4, 1896. George W. Murray (R) June 4, 1896
Illinois 16 Finis E. Downing (D) Election was successfully challenged June 5, 1896. John I. Rinaker (R) June 5, 1896
North Carolina 6 James A. Lockhart (D) Election was successfully challenged June 5, 1896. Charles H. Martin (P) June 5, 1896
Alabama 9 Oscar W. Underwood (D) Election was successfully challenged June 9, 1896. Truman H. Aldrich (R) June 9, 1896
Georgia 3 Charles F. Crisp (D) Died October 23, 1896.
New member elected December 19, 1896.
Charles R. Crisp (D) December 19, 1896
New York 19 Frank S. Black (R) Resigned January 7, 1897. Vacant until next Congress
Kentucky 10 Joseph M. Kendall (D) Election was successfully challenged February 18, 1897. Nathan T. Hopkins (R) February 18, 1897

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Joint committees[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links[edit]