|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|557 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||557 BC
|Ab urbe condita||197|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 108|
|- Pharaoh||Amasis II, 14|
|Ancient Greek era||55th Olympiad, year 4|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
2140 or 2080
— to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
2141 or 2081
|Coptic calendar||−840 – −839|
|Ethiopian calendar||−564 – −563|
|- Vikram Samvat||−500 – −499|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2544–2545|
|Iranian calendar||1178 BP – 1177 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1214 BH – 1213 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2468 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||−14 – −13|
−430 or −811 or −1583
— to —
−429 or −810 or −1582
The year 557 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 197 Ab urbe condita. The denomination 557 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- May 19: The Persians besieged Larissa, a.k.a. Calah, but could not capture it. However, when a solar eclipse occurred, the inhabitants left their city and it was taken.
- Mahavira (b. 599 BC) attained omniscience in this year.
- Labashi-Marduk was king of Babylon during this year. He succeeded Neriglissar, who reigned three years, and was followed by Nabodinus, the last king, who reigned 17 years.
- Santorini, Greece suffered from a volcanic eruption.
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (September 2013)|
- Solar Eclipses and Ancient History. Jennings, S. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol.2, pg. 172
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2012-10-25.
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