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55th Academy Awards

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55th Academy Awards
DateApril 11, 1983
SiteDorothy Chandler Pavilion
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Hosted byLiza Minnelli, Dudley Moore, Richard Pryor and Walter Matthau
Produced byHoward W. Koch
Directed byMarty Pasetta
Best PictureGandhi
Most awardsGandhi (8)
Most nominationsGandhi (11)
TV in the United States
Duration3 hours, 15 minutes

The 55th Academy Awards were presented April 11, 1983, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles. The ceremonies were presided over by Liza Minnelli, Dudley Moore, Richard Pryor, and Walter Matthau. Louis Gossett Jr. became the first African-American actor to win Best Supporting Actor for his performance as the tough and principled drill instructor Emil Foley in An Officer and a Gentleman. Bhanu Athaiya also became the first Indian to win an Academy Award for Best Costume Design for Gandhi. This marked the first of 28 consecutive years where a Barbara Walters interview special aired before the ceremony. Walters had previously aired an interview special in 1981, and in subsequent years, her special aired prior to the Academy's formal broadcast of celebrities walking the red carpet. It was also the only time George C. Scott attended an Oscars ceremony.

Gandhi won eight awards, including Best Picture and Best Actor for Ben Kingsley. Other winners included E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial with four awards, An Officer and a Gentleman with two, Begin the Beguine, If You Love This Planet, Just Another Missing Kid, Missing, Quest for Fire, A Shocking Accident, Sophie's Choice, Tango, Tootsie, and Victor/Victoria with one.

This was also the last time the 2 highest-grossing films of the year (E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and Tootsie) were nominated for Best Picture until the 95th Academy Awards, 40 years later (Avatar: The Way of Water and Top Gun: Maverick).


Richard Attenborough, Best Picture and Best Director winner
Ben Kingsley, Best Actor winner
Meryl Streep, Best Actress winner
Louis Gossett Jr., Best Supporting Actor winner
Jessica Lange, Best Supporting Actress winner
Costa-Gavras, Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium co-winner
Zbigniew Rybczyński, Best Animated Short Film winner
John Williams, Best Original Score winner
Henry Mancini, Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Adaptation Score co-winner
Jack Nitzsche, Best Original Song co-winner
Buffy Sainte-Marie, Best Original Song co-winner
Ben Burtt, Best Sound Effects Editing co-winner
Bhanu Athaiya, Best Costume Design co-winner
Carlo Rambaldi, Best Visual Effects co-winner
Dennis Muren, Best Visual Effects co-winner

The nominations were announced on February 17, 1983. Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger (‡).[1][2]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
Best Foreign Language Film Best Documentary Feature
Best Documentary Short Subject Best Live Action Short Film
Best Animated Short Film Best Original Score
Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Adaptation Score Best Original Song
Best Sound Effects Editing Best Sound
Best Makeup Best Costume Design
Best Art Direction Best Cinematography
Best Film Editing Best Visual Effects

Honorary Academy Award[edit]

Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award[edit]

Films with multiple nominations and awards[edit]

Presenters and performers[edit]

The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers:


Name(s) Role
Hank Simms Announcer for the 55th Academy Awards
Fay Kanin (AMPAS President) Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony
Luise Rainer
Jack Valenti
Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Christopher Reeve
Susan Sarandon
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Jane Russell
Cornel Wilde
Presenters of the award for Best Makeup
Matt Dillon
Kristy McNichol
Presenters of the Short Films awards
Charlton Heston Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Walter Mirisch
Plácido Domingo
Presenters of the Music Awards
Steve Guttenberg
Ann Reinking
Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design
Elizabeth McGovern
Eddie Murphy
Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects
Jamie Lee Curtis
Carl Weathers
Presenters of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing
JoBeth Williams
David L. Wolper
Presenters of the Documentary Awards
Margot Kidder
William Shatner
Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction
Michael Keaton
Nastassja Kinski
Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography
Bob Hope Presenter of the Honorary Award to Mickey Rooney
Lisa Eilbacher
David Keith
Presenters of the award for Best Sound
Tom Selleck
Raquel Welch
Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing
Olivia Newton-John Presenter of the award for Best Original Song
Robert Mitchum
Sigourney Weaver
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Philip Dunne Presenter of the awards for Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen and Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
Billy Wilder Presenter of the award for Best Director
Sylvester Stallone Presenter of the award for Best Actress
John Travolta Presenter of the award for Best Actor
Carol Burnett Presenter of the award for Best Picture


Person Role Performed
Bill Conti Musical arranger and conductor Orchestral
Walter Matthau
Liza Minnelli
Dudley Moore
Richard Pryor
Performers "It All Comes Down to This"
The Temptations
Sandahl Bergman
Performers "Eye of the Tiger" from Rocky III
Patti Austin
James Ingram
Performers "How Do You Keep the Music Playing?" from Best Friends
Joe Cocker
Jennifer Warnes
Performers "Up Where We Belong" from An Officer and a Gentleman
Stephen Bishop Performer "It Might Be You" from Tootsie
Peter Allen
Bernadette Peters
Academy Awards Chorus
Performers Salute to Irving Berlin:
"Alexander's Ragtime Band",
"I Love a Piano",
"Play a Simple Melody",
"It's a Lovely Day Today",
"Blue Skies",
"I Got the Sun in the Mornin' (and the Moon at Night)",
"Let's Face the Music and Dance",
"Let Yourself Go",
"Puttin' On the Ritz",
"Top Hat, White Tie and Tails",
"Steppin' Out with My Baby",
"Shakin' the Blues Away",
"What'll I Do",
"A Pretty Girl Is like a Melody" and
"There's No Business Like Show Business"
Melissa Manchester Performer "If We Were in Love" from Yes, Giorgio
Academy Awards Chorus Performers "That's Entertainment"

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2011.
  2. ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Select "1982" in the "Award Year(s)" drop-down menu and press "Search".