55th Illinois Infantry Regiment

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55th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry "Canton Rifles"
Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois state flag
ActiveOctober 31, 1861, to August 14, 1865
CountryUnited States
EngagementsBattle of Shiloh
Siege of Corinth
Vicksburg Campaign
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou
Battle of Fort Hindman (Arkansas Post)
Battle of Snyder's Bluff
Battle of Jackson (MS)
Battle of Champion Hill
Siege of Vicksburg
Battle of Collierville
Third Battle of Chattanooga
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Atlanta
Battle of Ezra Church
Battle of Jonesborough
Battle of Allatoona Pass
March to the Sea
Battle of Fort McAllister (1864)
Carolinas Campaign
Battle of Bentonville

The 55th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment is sometimes referred to as the Canton Rifles or the Douglas Brigade 2nd Regiment.


Monument to the 55th Illinois Infantry and Oscar Malmborg at Vicksburg.

The 55th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on October 31, 1861. Training continued at Benton Barracks, Missouri. The 55th was part of Sherman's Yazoo Expedition.

The regiment was mustered out on August 14, 1865.

Total strength and casualties[edit]

The regiment suffered casualties including nine officers, 149 enlisted men who were killed in action, or mortally wounded, and two officers and 127 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 286 fatalities.[1]


See also[edit]

Map of Vicksburg National Military Park.


  1. ^ http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unilinf5.htm#55th The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  2. ^ http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilcivilw/f&s/055-fs.htm Illinois in the Civil War website after Illinois Adjutant General's muster rolls


External links[edit]