55th New York State Legislature
|55th New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1832|
|President of the State Senate:||Lt. Gov. Edward P. Livingston (J)|
|Temporary President of the State Senate:|
|Speaker of the State Assembly:||Charles L. Livingston (J)|
|Senate Majority:||Jacksonian (24-8)|
|1st: January 3 – April 26, 1832
1st: June 21 – July 2, 1832
The 55th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to July 2, 1832, during the fourth year of Enos T. Throop's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.
At this time, there were three political parties: the Jacksonian Democrats (supporting President Andrew Jackson; led by Martin Van Buren), the Anti-Masons, and the National Republicans (supporting Henry Clay for the presidency).
The State election was held from November 7 to 9, 1831. Harman B. Cropsey (1st D.), Allan Macdonald (2nd D.), Josiah Fisk (4th D.), Robert Lansing (5th D.), Jehiel H. Halsey (7th D.); and Assemblymen John W. Edmonds (3rd D.), John G. McDowell (6th D.) and John Birdsall (8th D.) were elected to the Senate. Birdsall was an Anti-Mason, the other seven were Jacksonians.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1832; and adjourned on April 26.
On January 9, the Legislature upheld Gov. Throop's recess appointment, electing Jonas Earll, Jr. as Canal Commissioner.
On February 6, the Legislature re-elected Secretary of State Azariah C. Flagg, State Comptroller Silas Wright, Jr., State Treasurer Abraham Keyser, Jr., Attorney General Greene C. Bronson and Surveyor General Simeon De Witt.
The Anti-Masonic state convention met on June 21, and nominated again Assemblyman Francis Granger for Governor and Samuel Stevens, of New York City, for Lieutenant Governor. They also nominated a full ticket of presidential electors, apparently composed of some supporters of William Wirt, and some of Henry Clay, but not pledged to any candidate.
The Legislature met for a special session on June 21; and the Assembly adjourned on June 30, the Senate on July 2. This session was called to re-apportion the congressional districts, and to direct sanitary measures concerning the cholera epidemic.
The National Republican state convention met on July 26, Ambrose Spencer was Chairman. They endorsed The Anti-Masonic nominees Granger and Stevens. They also endorsed the ticket of presidential electors nominated by the Anti-Masons, who—if they won the election—should vote for Henry Clay if this would help to defeat Jackson, otherwise for Wirt. In effect, both parties were in the process of merging, becoming eventually the Whig Party.
- The First District (4 seats) consisted of Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond and Suffolk counties.
- The Second District (4 seats) consisted of Delaware, Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester counties.
- The Third District (4 seats) consisted of Albany, Columbia, Greene, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Schoharie counties.
- The Fourth District (4 seats) consisted of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren and Washington counties.
- The Fifth District (4 seats) consisted of Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida and Oswego counties.
- The Sixth District (4 seats) consisted of Broome, Chenango, Cortland, Otsego, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins counties.
- The Seventh District (4 seats) consisted of Cayuga, Onondaga, Ontario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates counties.
- The Eighth District (4 seats) consisted of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara and Orleans counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. John W. Edmonds, John G. McDowell and John Birdsall changed from the Assembly to the Senate.
|First||Stephen Allen*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Alpheus Sherman*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Jonathan S. Conklin*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Harman B. Cropsey||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Second||Samuel Rexford*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Nathaniel P. Tallmadge*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|David M. Westcott*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Allan Macdonald||4 years||Jacksonian||also Postmaster of White Plains|
|Third||Lewis Eaton*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|William Dietz*||2 years||Jacksonian||in November 1832, elected a presidential elector|
|Herman I. Quackenboss*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|John W. Edmonds*||4 years||Jacksonian||also Recorder of the City of Hudson|
|Fourth||John McLean Jr.*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Isaac Gere*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|William I. Dodge*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Josiah Fisk||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Fifth||William H. Maynard*||1 year||Anti-Mason||died on August 28, 1832|
|Alvin Bronson*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Henry A. Foster*||3 years||Jacksonian|
|Robert Lansing||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Sixth||John F. Hubbard*||1 year||Jacksonian|
|Levi Beardsley*||2 years||Jacksonian|
|Charles W. Lynde*||3 years||Anti-Mason|
|John G. McDowell*||4 years||Jacksonian||also Postmaster of Chemung|
|Seventh||Hiram F. Mather*||1 year||Anti-Mason|
|Thomas Armstrong*||2 years||Jacksonian||also Supervisor of Butler|
|William H. Seward*||3 years||Anti-Mason|
|Jehiel H. Halsey||4 years||Jacksonian|
|Eighth||Philo C. Fuller*||1 year||Anti-Mason|
|Albert H. Tracy*||2 years||Anti-Mason|
|Trumbull Cary*||3 years||Anti-Mason|
|John Birdsall*||4 years||Anti-Mason|
- Clerk: John F. Bacon
- Albany County (3 seats)
- Allegany County (1 seat)
- Broome County (1 seat)
- Cattaraugus County (1 seat)
- Cayuga County (4 seats)
- Chautauqua County (2 seats)
- Chenango County (3 seats)
- Clinton County (1 seat)
- Columbia County (3 seats)
- Cortland County (2 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (4 seats)
- Erie County (2 seats)
- Essex County (1 seat)
- Franklin County (1 seat)
- Genesee County (3 seats)
- Greene County (2 seats)
- Hamilton and Montgomery counties (3 seats)
- Herkimer County (3 seats)
- Jefferson County (3 seats)
- Kings County (1 seat)
- Lewis County (1 seat)
- Livingston County (2 seats)
- Madison County (3 seats)
- Monroe County (3 seats)
- The City and County of New York (11 seats)
- Niagara County (1 seat)
- Oneida County (5 seats)
- Onondaga County (4 seats)
- Ontario County (3 seats)
- Orange County (3 seats)
- Orleans County (1 seat)
- Oswego County (1 seat)
- Otsego County (4 seats)
- Putnam County (1 seat)
- Queens County (1 seat)
- Rensselaer County (4 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Rockland County (1 seat)
- St. Lawrence County (2 seats)
- Saratoga County (3 seats)
- Schenectady County (1 seat)
- Schoharie County (2 seats)
- Seneca County (2 seats)
- Steuben County (2 seats)
- Suffolk County (2 seats)
- Sullivan County (1 seat)
- Tioga County (2 seats)
- Tompkins County (3 seats)
- Ulster County (2 seats)
- Warren County (1 seat)
- Washington (3 seats)
- Wayne County (2 seats)
- Westchester County (3 seats)
- Yates County (1 seat)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
- Clerk: Francis Seger
- Sergeant-at-Arms: James D. Scollard
- Doorkeeper: Alonzo Crosby
- Assistant Doorkeeper: James Courter (1st session)
- Oliver Scovil (2nd session)
- see Journal of the Assembly (55th session; pg. 66f and 208ff)
- see The Voice of the People and the Facts in Relation to the Rejection of Martin Van Buren by the U.S. Senate (1832; pg. 5f)
- Walker attended the session on January 13, and was found dead in his bed shortly before noon on January 14, having died in his sleep from the "rupture of a blood vessel near the heart"; see Assembly Journal pg. 93 and 99; and death notice in American Rail-Road Journal (pg. 62)
- see Assembly Journal, pg. 306
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [pg. 109 and 441 for Senate districts; pg. 129 for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 212f for assemblymen]
- The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 2, Phinney & Co., Buffalo, 1850; pg. 368 to 424)