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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
Events and trends
- 568 BC—Amtalqa succeeds his brother Aspelta as king of Kush.
- 567 BC—Former pharaoh Apries invades Egypt with Babylonian help but is defeated by Saite pharaoh Amasis II (also known as Ahmose II).
- 567 BC-On 25 May Servius Tullius, king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.
- 566 BC The first known Panathenaic Games of Ancient Greece are held in Athens.
- 562 BC—Amel-Marduk succeeds Nebuchadnezzar II as king of Babylon.
- 560 BC—Neriglissar succeeds Amel-Marduk as king of Babylon.
- 560 BC/561 BC—Croesus becomes king of Lydia.
- 560 BC—An aristocrat named Pisistratus seizes the Acropolis of Athens and declares himself tyrant. He is deposed in the same year.
- c. 560 BC—Calf bearer (Moscophoros), from the Acropolis, Athens, is made. It is now at Acropolis Museum, Athens.
- 564 BC - Death of Aesop, the Ancient Greek fable teller.
- April, 563 BC—Birth of Siddhartha Gautama, later known as Gautama Buddha in Lumbini, Nepal
- 563 BC—Death of Queen Maya, mother of Siddhartha Gautama
- 562 BC—Death of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Neo-Babylonia