|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||530s 540s 550s – 560s – 570s 580s 590s|
|Years:||558 559 560 – 561 – 562 563 564|
|561 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1314|
|Chinese calendar||庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
3257 or 3197
— to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3258 or 3198
|- Vikram Samvat||617–618|
|- Shaka Samvat||483–484|
|- Kali Yuga||3662–3663|
|Iranian calendar||61 BP – 60 BP|
|Islamic calendar||63 BH – 62 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1351 before ROC
|Seleucid era||872/873 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1103–1104|
Year 561 (DLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 561 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- November 29 – King Chlothar I ("the Old") dies at Compiègne at age 64. The Merovingian Dynasty is continued by his four sons — Charibert I, Guntram, Sigebert I and Chilperic I — who divide the Frankish Kingdom and rule from the capitals at Paris, Orléans, Reims and Soissons, respectively.
- The Battle of Cúl Drebene (modern Ireland) is fought between the Northern and Southern Uí Néill (approximate date).
- Winter – Wu Cheng Di succeeds his brother Xiao Zhao Di as Chinese emperor of Northern Qi. He dies from injuries suffered while hunting.
- March 4 – Pope Pelagius I dies in Rome after a 5-year reign and is succeeded by John III as the 61st pope.
- Jnanagupta, a Buddhist monk from Gandhara (Pakistan), begins translating Buddhist texts into Chinese.
- The First Council of Braga is held. The council condemns the doctrine of Priscillianism.
- March 4 – Pope Pelagius I
- November 29 – Chlothar I, king of the Franks
- Aregund, queen of the Franks
- Chram, Frankish prince and son of Chlothar I
- Fei Di, emperor of Northern Qi (b. 545)
- Xiao Zhao Di, emperor of Northern Qi (b. 535)