|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||530s 540s 550s – 560s – 570s 580s 590s|
|Years:||565 566 567 – 568 – 569 570 571|
|568 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1321|
|Chinese calendar||丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
3264 or 3204
— to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3265 or 3205
|- Vikram Samvat||624–625|
|- Shaka Samvat||490–491|
|- Kali Yuga||3669–3670|
|Iranian calendar||54 BP – 53 BP|
|Islamic calendar||56 BH – 55 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1344 before ROC
|Seleucid era||879/880 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1110–1111|
Year 568 (DLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 568 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Spring – The Lombards led by king Alboin cross the Julian Alps. Their invasion of Northern Italy is almost unopposed; withered Byzantine forces that remain in the Po Valley and based at Ravenna, are no match for the overwhelming Lombard incursion. Residents of the Italian countryside flee at the Lombards' approach. Some retreat to the barrier islands along the shore of the Northern Adriatic Sea; where they establish permanent settlements, the nascent city of Venice.
- The Byzantines abandon present-day Lombardy and Tuscany to establish a frontier march in the hills south of Ravenna — still known as "Il Marche". Bavarians, Sarmatians, Saxons and Taifali, join the invasion en route. As they advance, the vacuum left behind them on the Balkan Peninsula is filled by Avars, Bulgars and Slavs.
- Sigebert I, king of Austrasia, repels a second attack from the Avars. His half brother Chilperic I strangles his wife Galswintha at the instigation of his mistress Fredegund.
- Liuvigild is declared co-king and heir after the second year of reign of his brother Liuva I. He becomes ruler over the Visigoths in Hispania Citerior (Eastern Spain).
- Mummolus, Gallo-Roman prefect, defeats the Lombards at Embrun and expels them from Provence (Southern Gaul).
- Æthelric succeeds his brother Adda as king of Bernicia (modern Scotland). He rules from 568–572 (approximate date).
- Battle of Wibbandun: Ceawlin of Wessex defeats Æthelberht of Kent (this according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle).
- The Turks and Sassanids succeed in destroying the Hepthalites on the eastern frontier (approximate date).
- A Turkish khan sends emissaries to the Byzantine Empire (approximate date).
- Emperor Justin II and his wife Sophia send the Cross of Justin II ("Vatican Cross") to Rome, to improve the relations with the Byzantine Empire.
- Paulinus I, patriarch of Aquileia, flees with the treasures of his church and transfer them to the island of Grado.
- Feng Deyi, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 627)
- Ingund, wife of Visigoth prince Hermenegild (d. 584)
- Liu Wenjing, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 619)
- Traditional date as given in William J. Langer, ed. An Encyclopedia of World History
- John of Biclaro, Chronicle 10. Translated by Kenneth Baxter Wolf, Conquerors and Chroniclers of Early Medieval Spain, second edition (Liverpool: University Press, 1990), p. 60
- McClanan, p. 167