|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||540s 550s 560s – 570s – 580s 590s 600s|
|Years:||569 570 571 – 572 – 573 574 575|
|572 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1325|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
3268 or 3208
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3269 or 3209
|- Vikram Samvat||628–629|
|- Shaka Samvat||494–495|
|- Kali Yuga||3673–3674|
|Iranian calendar||50 BP – 49 BP|
|Islamic calendar||52 BH – 51 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1340 before ROC
|Seleucid era||883/884 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1114–1115|
Year 572 (DLXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 572 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Byzantine–Sassanid War: Emperor Justin II refuses to pay the annual tribute to Khosrau I, putting an end to the 50-year peace treaty that is established ten years earlier. The Armenians are considered allies to the Byzantine Empire and Justin sends a Byzantine army into Persian territory, besieging the fortress city of Nisibis (modern Turkey).
- Siege of Pavia: King Alboin captures Ticinum (Pavia), after a three-year siege the Byzantine garrison surrenders to the Lombards. The city is of strategic importance, lying at the rivers Po and Ticino, and becomes the capital of the Kingdom of the Lombards.
- June 28 – Alboin is murdered at Verona in his palace at the instigation of his wife Rosamund (daughter of the Gepid king Cunimund), and her henchman, Helmechis (the king's squire), both flee to seek Byzantine protection in Ravenna.
- Alboin is succeeded by Cleph, who is not related by blood, and becomes king of the Lombards.
- Theodric succeeds his brother Æthelric as king of Bernicia (southeastern Scotland). He rules from 572 to 579.
- Taspar Qaghan succeeds his brother Muqan Qaghan as ruler (khagan) of the Turkic Khaganate (Central Asia).
- Bidatsu succeeds his father Kimmei and ascends as 30th emperor the throne of Japan.
- Calakmul defeats Tikal, bringing an end to the First Tikal-Calakmul War.
- Sky Witness, rules of Calakmul, dies.
- Æthelric, king of Bernicia (Scotland)
- June 28 – Alboin, king of the Lombards
- Báetán mac Muirchertaig, High King of Ireland
- Corippus, Byzantine epic poet (approximate date)
- Eochaid mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland
- Hulü Guang, general of Northern Qi (b. 515)
- Liuva I, king of the Visigoths (or 571)
- Muqan Qaghan, ruler of the Göktürks
- Waldrada, Lombard princess (b. 531)
- Wei Shou, Chinese author (b. 506)
- Yuwen Hu, regent of Northern Zhou (b. 515)
- Frye Ancient Iran