57th Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
|Address||West 57th Street & Sixth Avenue
New York, NY 10019
|Line||IND Sixth Avenue Line|
|Services||F (all times)|
|Transit connections||NYCT Bus: M5, M7, M31, M57|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||July 1, 1968|
|Passengers (2014)||4,603,639 1.8%|
|Rank||104 out of 421|
|Next north||Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street: F|
|Next south||47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center: F|
57th Street is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 57th Street and Sixth Avenue in Manhattan, it is served by the F train at all times. North of the station, the line turns east and becomes the IND 63rd Street Line.
57th Street opened on July 1, 1968 as one of two stations added during construction of the Chrystie Street Connection, the other being Grand Street. Upon its opening, the station acted as the terminus of two services, the B and KK, the former during rush hour and the latter during off-peak hours. The B ran to Coney Island via the Manhattan Bridge and the West End Line while the KK ran to 168th Street in Queens via the Chrystie Street Connection, Williamsburg Bridge and Jamaica Line. The KK was renamed as the K and truncated to Broadway Junction in 1974 and eliminated altogether in 1976. In 1978, the MTA created the JFK Express service to the eponymous airport, with 57th Street acting as the northern terminal of the route.
The reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge caused radical service changes at the station. The B was re-routed to its current route down Central Park West via the Seventh Avenue station to the Sixth Avenue Line and was replaced by the S to Grand Street. In 1988, the Q became a Sixth Avenue service and ran via the Manhattan Bridge to the Brighton Line, acting as an express in Brooklyn; when the 63rd Street Tunnel opened in 1989, the Q was simultaneously extended to the new terminal at 21st Street – Queensbridge. The B replaced the Q in 1990, and the F replaced the B in 2001 when the 63rd Street Tunnel Connector opened in Queens.
|G||Street Level||Exit/ Entrance|
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|Southbound||← toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Northbound||→ toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street) →|
57th Street utilizes a simple two tracks and a single island platform setup common to terminal stations. Except for the removal of exit slam gates at fare controls, much of the station design remains unchanged from 1968 opening. Even the "Next Train" indicator lights are still hanging from the platform ceiling, dating from the period when the station was a terminal. The tower and the crew area still exist. They were abandoned after the 1989 63rd Street extension to 21st Street – Queensbridge, but were back in service in 1998 when trains from Sixth Avenue terminated here due to long term construction work that necessitated a shuttle train from Queensbridge to 57th Street – Seventh Avenue on the BMT Broadway Line. Once all construction work was completed on the 63rd Street Connector to the IND Queens Boulevard Line in December 2001, the tower was permanently abandoned.
This station features one of the last surviving telephone booths, located inside one of the three fare control areas at mezzanine level. The door on the booth is broken. A plaque dedicated to retired Colonel John T. O'Neill, who served as the New York City Transit Authority's Chief Engineer until his death in 1978, sits next to the booth on the west wall. The island platform is comparatively wide. There are six staircases to the platform and eight street staircases spread on both sides of Sixth Avenue from 56th to 57th Streets. The station walls are plain white, with "57th St" appearing on the wall.
In popular culture
- 57th Street appears in the 1973 crime film Serpico, which stars Al Pacino.
- 57th Street is shown briefly in the later season opening credits of the 1970s sitcom Rhoda as main characters Rhoda and Brenda just miss a train.
- 57th Street appears in the movie Beat Street (1984), where the battle between the Rock Steady Crew and the New York City Breakers take place.
- 57th Street appears in the 1992 film Home Alone 2: Lost in New York. Gangsters Harry and Marv can be seen exiting onto Sixth Avenue from the station. The JFK Express label is still visible.
- 57th Street appears in the 2011 film "A Very Harold And Kumar 3D Christmas" in the scene when Harold and Kumar are carrying a Christmas tree "Neil Patrick Harris" gave them before getting kidnapped by the Ukrainian mobsters.
- NYC Subway Wireless
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-27.
- 1972 system map NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-08-12
- Burks, Edward C. (August 14, 1976). "215 More Daily Subway Runs Will Be Eliminated by Aug. 30". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- 1987 system map NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-08-12
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 57th Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line).|
- nycsubway.org—IND 6th Avenue: 57th Street
- Station Reporter — F Train
- 57th Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
- 56th Street entrance from Google Maps Street View