57th Street (Manhattan)

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Coordinates: 40°45′54″N 73°58′43″W / 40.7649°N 73.9787°W / 40.7649; -73.9787

57th Street
East 57th St Apartments.jpg
Apartment buildings lining East 57th Street between First Avenue and Sutton Place
West end West Side Highway
East end York Avenue/Sutton Place

57th Street is one of New York City's major thoroughfares, which runs east-west in the Midtown section of the borough of Manhattan, from the New York City Department of Sanitation's dock on the Hudson River at the West Side Highway to a small park overlooking the East River built on a platform suspended above the FDR Drive. It is two blocks south of Central Park between Fifth Avenue and Central Park West. 57th Street is notable for prestigious art galleries,[1] restaurants and up-market shops.[2]

History[edit]

The street was designated by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 that established the Manhattan street grid as one of 15 east-west streets that would be 100 feet (30 m) in width (while other streets were designated as 60 feet (18 m) in width).[3]

From west to east[edit]

The Hearst Tower at 300 West 57th Street

Over its two-mile (3 km) length, 57th Street passes through several distinct neighborhoods with differing mixes of commercial, retail, and residential uses.[4]

The first block of 57th Street, at its western end at 12th Avenue near the Hudson River waterfront, is home to the new West 57 building. From there to Tenth Avenue are low-rise industrial properties, several automobile dealerships, and small-scale residential buildings. Much of south side of the block between 11th and 10th Avenues is occupied by the CBS Broadcast Center, which is the network's primary East Coast production facility. The street's name was used by CBS to title a newsmagazine program produced by the network in the late 80's, West 57th.

From 10th Avenue to Eighth Avenue, larger residential buildings appear. Beginning at Eighth Avenue and continuing east through the core of Midtown Manhattan, the street is dominated by very large commercial and residential towers, such as at the Hearst Tower at the southwest corner of 57th Street and Eighth Avenue. This stretch of 57th Street is home to several large hotels such as Le Parker Meridien and well known restaurants such as the Russian Tea Room (both between Seventh Avenue and Sixth Avenue), and the offices of several magazines including The Economist. The corner of 57th Street and Seventh Avenue is home to the city-owned performance venue Carnegie Hall.

The mid-block between Seventh and Sixth avenues is a terminus of a north-south pedestrian avenue named Sixth and a Half Avenue.[5]

The interior of Carnegie Hall
The Art Students League at 215 West 57th Street
Calvary Baptist Church entrance at 123 West 57th Street

East of Sixth Avenue, the street is home to numerous high-end retail establishments including Van Cleef and Arpels, Tiffany and Company, and Bergdorf Goodman. The stores located at 57th Street's intersections with Fifth and Madison Avenues occupy some of the most expensive real estate in the world.[6]

Commercial and retail buildings continue to dominate until Third Avenue, where the street rapidly returns to a preponderance of large residential buildings. As it continues from here through its final blocks leading to its terminus at Sutton Place, the street consists of a nearly unbroken stretch of increasingly upscale apartment buildings with doormen, awnings, and small commercial establishments such as drug stores, bank branches, and restaurants.

57th Street ends at a small city park overlooking the East River just east of Sutton Place.

Notable buildings include 300 East 57th Street by architect Emery Roth. The Danish architect Bjarke Ingels designed a large rental apartment building in the form of a triangular pyramid at the west end of 57th street, called VIA 57 West. [7]

Billionaires' Row[edit]

Beginning with the construction of One57,[8] a 1,004-foot (306 m) apartment building between Sixth and Seventh Avenues which was completed in 2014, a large number of very tall ultra-luxury residential buildings have been constructed or proposed on the section of 57th Street roughly corresponding to the southern edge of Central Park.[9] Due to the often record-breaking prices[10][11] that have been set for the apartments in these buildings, the press has dubbed this section of 57th Street as "Billionaires' Row".[12][13][14] These projects have generated controversy concerning the economic conditions[15][16] and zoning policies[17] that have encouraged these buildings, as well as the impact these towers will have on the surrounding neighborhoods and the shadows they will cast on Central Park.[18]

Projects contributing to this construction boom include:

Street Address Building Name Construction Started Completed Date Architectural Height Image
432 Park Avenue n/a September 2011 December 23, 2015 1,396 ft. (426m)
432 Park Avenue, March 2015.jpg
53 West 53rd Street 53W53
or MoMA Expansion Tower
2014 expected planned 1,050 ft (320 m)
Southwest Morning Final.jpg
111 West 57th Street n/a 2014-2015 expected 2018 planned 1,438 ft. (438m)
111 West 57th Street New York NY 2015 06 09 01.jpg
157 West 57th Street One 57 April 2009 2014 1,005 ft. (306m)
One57 from Columbus Circle, May 2014.png
225 West 57th Street Central Park Tower
or Nordstrom Tower
2014 expected 2019 planned 1,569 ft. (478m)
220 Central Park South 2014 2017 950 feet (290 m)
625 West 57th Street VIA 57 West 2013 2016 467 ft (142.3 m)
Via 57 West.JPG

Transportation[edit]

The 57th Street station on the New York City Subway's IND Sixth Avenue Line is located at the intersection of 57th Street and Sixth Avenue and is served by the F train. The 57th Street – Seventh Avenue station on the BMT Broadway Line is located at 57th Street and Seventh Avenue, served by the N Q R trains.[19]

The M57 and M31 crosstown bus routes share a corridor between 11th and 1st Avenues.[20] The M57 extends up the West Side to the 72nd Street subway station,[21] while the M31 extends up the East Side to 92nd Street and 1st Avenue via York Avenue.[22]

Several express buses from Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island serve 57th Street as well.

Attractions[edit]

Shopping[edit]

The following high-end stores can be found between Sixth Avenue and Park Avenue:

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Russell, John. "Three Worlds of 57th Street: The World of Art" The New York Times (April 24, 1988)
  2. ^ Brown, Patricia Leigh. "Three Worlds of 57th Street: The World of Shopping" The New York Times (April 24, 1988)
  3. ^ Morris, Gouverneur, De Witt, Simeon, and Rutherford, John [sic] (March 1811) "Remarks Of The Commissioners For Laying Out Streets And Roads In The City Of New York, Under The Act Of April 3, 1807", Cornell University Library. Accessed June 27, 2016. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five--the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."
  4. ^ Horsley, Carter B. "57th Street" in The City Review
  5. ^ "City Room: Officially Marking a New Manhattan Avenue", New York Times (July 13, 2012) – accessed July 31, 2012
  6. ^ Woolsey, Matt "Worlds Most Valuable Addresses", article in Forbes magazine, December 22, 2008
  7. ^ Robbie Whelan, "New Face of Design", Wall Street Journal, July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
  8. ^ Justin Davidson,"Giants in Our Midst: The first of the 1,000-footers stomps onto 57th Street", New York Magazine, September 15, 2013
  9. ^ Julie Zeveloff, "New York's iconic skyline will look incredibly different in just a few years", Business Insider, June 14, 2015
  10. ^ "$100.4 Million Sale at One57",New York Times, January 23, 2015
  11. ^ Hiten Samtani and Tess Hofmann, "Saudi billionaire said to be buyer of $95M penthouse at 432 Park",The Real Deal, May 28, 2015
  12. ^ Julie Satow, "Moving In, Slowly, to ‘Billionaires’ Row’", New York Times, June 27, 2014
  13. ^ Megan Willett, "THE NEW BILLIONAIRES' ROW: See The Incredible Transformation Of New York's 57th Street, Business Insider, September 2, 2014
  14. ^ Paul Goldberger, "Too Rich, Too Thin, Too Tall?", Vanity Fair, May 2014
  15. ^ Zoe Rosenberg, "New York's Megatower Boom Reduced To Mere 'Vertical Money'",Curbed, March 18, 2015
  16. ^ Kriston Capps, "Why Billionaires Don't Pay Property Taxes in New York", Citylab, May 11, 2015
  17. ^ "Why 57th Street Is the Supertall Tower Mecca of New York", Curbed, September 25, 2014
  18. ^ Margot Adler, "New Yorkers Protest Long Shadows Cast By New Skyscrapers", NPR, April 23, 2014
  19. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  20. ^ "Manhattan Bus Map", New York City Bus.
  21. ^ "M57 Bus Timetable Effective as of April 3, 2016", New York City Bus.
  22. ^ "M31 Bus Timetable Effective as of September 6, 2015", New York City Bus.

External links[edit]