|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||20s 30s 40s – 50s – 60s 70s 80s|
|Years:||55 56 57 – 58 – 59 60 61|
|58 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||811|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
2754 or 2694
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
2755 or 2695
|Coptic calendar||−226 – −225|
|- Vikram Samvat||114–115|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3159–3160|
|Iranian calendar||564 BP – 563 BP|
|Islamic calendar||581 BH – 580 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1854 before ROC
|Seleucid era||369/370 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||600–601|
Year 58 (LVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Messalla (or, less frequently, year 811 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 58 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Roman emperor Nero and Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus become Roman consuls.
- The friendship between Nero and Marcus Salvius Otho ends when they both fall in love with Poppea Sabina, and Otho is sent to Lusitania as governor.
- Roman-Parthian War: Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo, commander in the East, launched his Armenian offensive against Parthia. He led a Roman army (four legions) through the mountainous country of Armenia, against the fortress at Volandum, to the southwest of Artaxata. After a siege of eight hours Corbulo takes the city, the legionnaires massacred the defenders and plunder Volandum to their hearts' content.
- Corbulo marched to Artaxata crossing the Aras River, along the valley he is shadowed by tens of thousands of mounted Parthian archers led by king Tiridates I. The city opened its gates to Corbulo, just as it had to Germanicus four decades before. When he takes the 250-year-old Armenian capital, Corbulo gives the residents a few hours to collect their valuables and burns the city to the ground.
- The Ficus Ruminalis begins to die (see Rumina).
- In Thuringia conflict between two Germanic tribes erupts over access to water.
- Gnaeus Julius Agricola, 18 years old, is serving as a military tribune in Britain under Gaius Suetonius Paulinus and is attached to Legio II Augusta.
- Start of Yongping era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Ming-Ti, new emperor of China, introduces Buddhism to China and the West Indus Valley.
- In China, sacrifices to Confucius are ordered in all government schools.
- The apostle Paul is arrested in Jerusalem, and is imprisoned in Caesarea. He then invokes his Roman citizenship and is sent to Rome to be judged.
- St. Paul writes his Epistle to the Romans.
- Juvenal, Roman poet
- Xu Shen, Chinese author of the large Shuowen Jiezi dictionary of etymology (d. 147)
- Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.