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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|580 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||580 BC
|Ab urbe condita||174|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 85|
|- Pharaoh||Apries, 10|
|Ancient Greek era||50th Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2117 or 2057
— to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2118 or 2058
|Coptic calendar||−863 – −862|
|Ethiopian calendar||−587 – −586|
|- Vikram Samvat||−523 – −522|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2521–2522|
|Iranian calendar||1201 BP – 1200 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1238 BH – 1237 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2491 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||−37 – −36|
−453 or −834 or −1606
— to —
−452 or −833 or −1605
The year 580 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 174 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 580 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Gorgon Medusa, detail of sculpture from the west pediment of the Temple of Artemis, Korkyra, is made (approximate date). It is now at the Archaeological Museum of Corfu.
- Standing Youth (Kouros) is made (approximate date). It is now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
- Cambyses I succeeds his father Cyrus I as king of Anshan and head of the Achaemenid Dynasty.
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- Cyrus I, king of Anshan
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