|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||550s 560s 570s – 580s – 590s 600s 610s|
|Years:||579 580 581 – 582 – 583 584 585|
|582 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1335|
|Chinese calendar||辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
3278 or 3218
— to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3279 or 3219
|- Vikram Samvat||638–639|
|- Shaka Samvat||504–505|
|- Kali Yuga||3683–3684|
|Iranian calendar||40 BP – 39 BP|
|Islamic calendar||41 BH – 40 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1330 before ROC
|Seleucid era||893/894 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1124–1125|
Year 582 (DLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 582 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- August 14 – Emperor Tiberius II Constantine, age 47, dies (possibly deliberately poisoned food) at Constantinople after a 4-year reign during which Thrace and Greece have been inundated by the Slavs. He is succeeded by his son-in-law, Maurice, former notary who has commanded the Byzantine army in the war against the Persian Empire.
- Autumn – Maurice elevates John Mystacon to magister militum per Orientem. He sends a Byzantine expeditionary force to Arzanene (Armenia) where they fight a pitched battle at the river Nymphius (Batman River).
- Siege of Sirmium: The Avars under their ruler (khagan) Bayan I, aided by Slavic auxiliary troops, capture the city of Sirmium after almost a 3-year siege. Bayan establishes a new base of operations within the Byzantine Empire from which he plunders the Balkan Peninsula.
- Gundoald, illegitimate son of Clotaire I, arrives with the financial support of Constantinople in southern Gaul. He claims as usurper king the cities Poitiers and Toulouse, part of the Frankish Kingdom (approximate date).
- The Visigoths under king Liuvigild capture the city of Mérida (western central Spain), which has under political control of its popular bishop Masona. He is arrested and exiled for 3 years.
- A Persian army under Tamkhosrau cross the Euphrates River and attack the city of Constantina (modern Turkey), but he is defeated by the Byzantines and killed.
- Spring – Emperor Xuan Di, age 52, dies after a 13-year reign and is succeeded by his incompetent son Houzhu who becomes the new ruler of the Chen Dynasty.
- Emperor Wéndi of the Sui Dynasty orders the building of a new capital, which he calls Daxing (Great Prosperity), on a site southeast of Chang'an (modern Xi'an).
- Arnulf of Metz, Frankish bishop and saint (approximate date)
- Li Mi, Chinese rebel leader during the Sui Dynasty (d. 619)
- Agathias, Greek poet and historian (approximate date)
- Ashina, empress of Northern Zhou (b. 551)
- April 5 – Eutychius, patriarch of Constantinople
- Justinian, Byzantine general (magister militum)
- Tamkhosrau, Sassanid Persian general (marzban)
- August 14 – Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine Emperor
- Xuan Di, emperor of the Chen Dynasty (b. 530)
- Martindale, Jones & Morris 1992, p. 679
- Martindale, Jones & Morris 1992, p. 270
- Greatrex & Lieu 2002, p. 167