583 series

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583 series
583 Aizu Liner Aizu-Wakamatsu 20080906.jpg
583 series on an Aizu Liner service in September 2008
In service 1967 – April 2017
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed 1967-1972
Number built 434 vehicles
Number in service None
Number preserved 4 vehicles
Number scrapped 424 vehicles
Formation 6, 10, 12, 13 cars per set
Operator(s)
Depot(s) Akita, Sendai, Kyoto
Specifications
Doors 1 per side (except dining car)
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Traction system Resistor control
Acceleration 1.3 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC, 20 kV AC 50 Hz (583 series), 60 Hz (581, 583 series)
Braking system(s) Dynamic brake, Electro-pneumatic brake
Safety system(s) ATS-S, ATS-P
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Reliveried 583 series on a Kitaguni service in August 2005

The 581 / 583 series (581/583系?) were limited express electric multiple unit (EMU) train types introduced in 1967 by Japanese National Railways and later operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West) on the through services express Kitaguni and other special trains until 2017.

The seats of the 581 and 583 series trains could be transformed into three-berth beds, enabling the trains to be used on both daytime and night train services.

As of 1 October 2016, just six cars remained in service, operated by JR East and based at Akita Depot for use on additional and charter services.[1] This last trainset was withdrawn in April 2017.

Individual car types[edit]

  • KuHaNe 581: Cab car with air compressor and motor-generator (150 kVA)
  • KuHaNe 583: Cab car with air compressor and motor-generator (210 kVA)
  • MoHaNe 580: Motored car with two pantographs (1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC 60 Hz)
  • MoHaNe 581: Motored car coupled to MoHaNe 580
  • MoHaNe 582: Motored car with two pantographs (1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC 50/60 Hz)
  • MoHaNe 583: Motored car coupled to MoHaNe 582
  • SaHaNe 581: Intermediate trailer car. All withdrawn.
  • SaRo 581: Green (first class) intermediate trailer car. The seats cannot be converted into berths.
  • SaRoNe 581: Converted from SaRo 581 in 1985 for Kitaguni services. The berths cannot be converted into seats.
  • SaShi 581: Dining car. All withdrawn

Formations[edit]

(as of 1 July 2010)[2]

JR East (Akita Depot)[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 KuHaNe 583

JR East (Sendai Depot)[edit]

Set N1/N2:

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 KuHaNe 583

JR West (Kyoto Depot)[edit]

Sets B04-06:

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Numbering KuHaNe 581 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 SaRo 581 SaRoNe 581 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 582 KuHaNe 581

Interior[edit]

History[edit]

The 581 series was introduced in 1967 on the Midori (Shin-Ōsaka - Kumamoto daytime limited express) and Gekkō (Shin-Osaka - Hakata night limited express).

The 583 series was introduced in 1968 on the Hatsukari (Ueno - Aomori via Tōhoku Main Line daytime), Hakutsuru (Ueno - Aomori via Tōhoku Main Line night), and Yūzuru (Ueno - Aomori via Jōban Line night).

These trains were subsequently used on other limited express services.

In 1982, when the Tohoku Shinkansen opened, many cars became surplus to requirements, and some were remodeled into 419 series and 715 series EMUs.

The last remaining trainset in service, a six-car set based at JR East's Akita Depot made its final run on 8 April 2017, on a charter service between Akita and Hirosaki.[3]

Preserved examples[edit]

As of April 2016, four former 581 series cars are preserved statically.

In February 2015, JR-West car KuHaNe 581 35, formerly stored at Suita Depot in Osaka, was moved to Kyoto for exhibition at the Kyoto Railway Museum opening in April 2016. It was returned from its previous Kitaguni livery to its original JNR blue and cream livery.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JR電車編成表 2017冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2017] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 16 November 2016. p. 422. ISBN 978-4-330-73716-4. 
  2. ^ 世界初の寝台電車 581系・583系 [581/583 Series - The World's First Sleeping Car EMU]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. 39 (318): 10–31. October 2010. 
  3. ^ Ueshin, Daisuke (18 February 2017). JR東日本583系、秋田車両センター所属の最後の編成が引退へ - 4/8最終運行 [Last JR East 583 series train to be withdrawn - Final run on 8 April]. Mynavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi Corporation. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 124. ISBN 978-4863209282. 
  5. ^ 京都鉄道博物館 [Kyoto Railway Museum]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 56 no. 662. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. June 2016. p. 50. 
  6. ^ クハネ581-35が回送される [KuHaNe 581-35 moved]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 15 February 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Fukuhara, Shunichi (28 February 2011). 581・583系物語 [The 581 and 583 series story]. Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4533081569. 
  • Teramoto, Mitsuteru (2014). よみがえる583系 [Recalling the 583 series]. Japan: Gakken Publishing. ISBN 9784054061095. 

External links[edit]