58th Academy Awards

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58th Academy Awards
Oscar-1985.jpg
Official poster
Date March 24, 1986
Site Dorothy Chandler Pavilion
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Host Alan Alda
Jane Fonda
Robin Williams
Producer Stanley Donen
Director Marty Pasetta
Highlights
Best Picture Out of Africa
Most awards Out of Africa (7)
Most nominations The Color Purple and Out of Africa (11)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration 3 hours, 11 minutes[1]
Ratings 37.8 million
27.3% (Nielsen ratings)

The 58th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on March 24, 1986, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 23 categories honoring films released in 1985. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Stanley Donen and directed by Marty Pasetta.[2] Actors Alan Alda, Jane Fonda, and Robin Williams co-hosted the show. Fonda hosted the gala for the second time, having previously been a co-host of the 49th ceremony held in 1977. Meanwhile, this was Alda and Williams's first Oscars hosting stint.[3] Eight days earlier, in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California on March 16, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host MacDonald Carey.[4]

Out of Africa won seven awards including Best Picture.[5][6] Other winners included Cocoon and Witness with two awards, and Kiss of the Spider Woman, The Trip to Bountiful, Prizzi's Honor, The Official Story, Broken Rainbow, Witness to War: Dr. Charlie Clements, Molly's Pilgrim, Anna & Bella, White Nights, Back to the Future, Mask, and Ran with one.

Winners and nominees[edit]

The nominees for the 59th Academy Awards were announced on February 5, 1986. The Color Purple and Out of Africa led all nominees with eleven each.[7] Winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 24, 1986.[8] With its 11 nominations and zero wins, The Color Purple joined The Turning Point as the most nominated films in Oscar history without a single win.[9] At age 79, John Huston became the oldest person nominated for Best Director.[10] By virtue of his father Walter's previous wins, John's daughter Anjelica's victory in the Best Supporting Actress category made her the first third-generation Oscar winner in history.[11] For the first time in Academy Awards history, all lead acting nominees were born in the United States.[10] Argentina's The Official Story became the first Latin American film to win the Best Foreign Language Film category.[12]

Awards[edit]

Sydney Pollack, Best Director winner
William Hurt, Best Actor winner
Don Ameche, Best Supporting Actor winner
Anjelica Huston, Best Supporting Actress winner
John Barry, Best Original Score winner

Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[13]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Original Screenplay Best Adapted Screenplay
Best Foreign Language Film
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short
Best Live Action Short Best Animated Short
Best Original Score Best Original Song
Best Sound Mixing Best Sound Editing
Best Art Direction Best Cinematography
Best Makeup Best Costume Design
Best Film Editing Best Visual Effects

Honorary Academy Awards[edit]

Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award[edit]

Multiple nominations and awards[edit]

Presenters and performers[edit]

The following individuals, in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.[17][18]

Presenters[edit]

Name Role
Simms, HankHank Simms[19] Announcer for the 58th annual Academy Awards
Dreyfuss, RichardRichard Dreyfuss
Marsha Mason
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Ringwald, MollyMolly Ringwald Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects
Henson, JimJim Henson
Kermit the Frog
Scooter
Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film
Hepburn, AudreyAudrey Hepburn Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design
Gossett, Jr., LouisLouis Gossett, Jr. Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature
Cara, IreneIrene Cara Presenter of the award for Best Sound
Garr, TeriTeri Garr Presenter of the award for Best Makeup
Cher Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Hope, BobBob Hope Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Charles "Buddy" Rogers
Sheedy, AllyAlly Sheedy
Steve Guttenberg
Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Short Subject
De Mornay, RebeccaRebecca De Mornay
Michael J. Fox
Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration
Field, SallySally Field Presenter of the Honorary Award to Paul Newman
Winslow, MichaelMichael Winslow Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing
Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones Presenter of the Honorary Award to Alex North
MacGeorge, JimJim MacGeorge
Chuck McCann
(as Laurel and Hardy)
Presenters of the award for Best Live Action Short Film
Abraham, F. MurrayF. Murray Abraham Presenter of the award for Best Actress
Cryer, JonJon Cryer Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography
Aleandro, NormaNorma Aleandro
Jack Valenti
Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Goldberg, WhoopiWhoopi Goldberg Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing
Kelly, GeneGene Kelly
Donald O'Connor
Debbie Reynolds
Presenters of the awards for Best Original Score and Best Original Song
Gelbart, LarryLarry Gelbart Presenters of the Writing Awards
Streisand, BarbraBarbra Streisand Presenter of the award for Best Director
Field, SallySally Field Presenter of the award for Best Actor
Huston, JohnJohn Huston
Akira Kurosawa
Billy Wilder
Presenters of the award for Best Picture

Performers[edit]

Name Role Performed
Newman, LionelLionel Newman Musical arranger
Conductor
Orchestral
Garr, TeriTeri Garr Performer "Flying Down to Rio" during the opening number
Cara, IreneIrene Cara Performer "Here's to the Losers"
Burge, GreggGregg Burge Performer "Surprise, Surprise" from A Chorus Line
Vega, TataTata Vega Performer "Miss Celie's Blues (Sister)" from The Color Purple
Bishop, StephenStephen Bishop
Marilyn Martin
Performers "Separate Lives" from White Nights
Lewis, HueyHuey Lewis and the News Performers "The Power of Love" from Back to the Future
Richie, LionelLionel Richie Performer "Say You, Say Me" from White Nights
Allyson, JuneJune Allyson
Leslie Caron
Marge Champion
Cyd Charisse
Kathryn Grayson
Howard Keel
Ann Miller
Jane Powell
Debbie Reynolds
Esther Williams
Performers "Once a Star, Always a Star" during the MGM musicals tribute
Streisand, BarbraBarbra Streisand Performer "Putting It Together" from Sunday in the Park with George during the Best Director presentation
Academy Awards Orchestra, Academy Awards Orchestra Performers "Oh, Lady Be Good!" (orchestral) during the closing credits

Ceremony information[edit]

Determined to revive interest surrounding the awards and reverse declining ratings, the Academy hired Stanley Donen in December 1985 to produce the telecast for the first time.[20] The following February, actor and comedian Robin Williams was selected as host of the 1986 telecast.[21] Actor Alan Alda and two-time Academy Award winning actress Jane Fonda were later announced to join Williams in sharing emceeing duties.[22]

Several other people were involved with the production of the ceremony. Lionel Newman served as musical director and conductor for the ceremony.[23] Actress Teri Garr performed the titular song from Flying Down to Rio during the opening segment.[24] Singer Irene Cara sang the Frank Sinatra song "Here's to the Losers" in honor of unsuccessful Oscar nominees throughout history.[24] A song-and-dance number featuring actor and singer Howard Keel and several actresses including Cyd Charisse, Leslie Caron, and Debbie Reynolds paid tribute to MGM musicals.[12]

Box office performance of nominated films[edit]

At the time of the nominations announcement on February 5, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $119 million with an average of $23.9 million.[25] Witness was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $68.7 million in the domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Out of Africa ($55.6 million), The Color Purple ($46.4 million), Prizzi's Honor ($26.7 million) and Kiss of the Spider Woman ($13.4 million).[25]

Of the 50 grossing movies of the year, 42 nominations went to 12 films on the list. Only Back to the Future (1st), Cocoon (4th), Witness (5th), Jagged Edge (20th), The Color Purple (21st), Prizzi's Honor (30th), Agnes of God (32nd) were nominated for Best Picture, directing, acting, or screenplay.[26] The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Rambo: First Blood Part II (2nd), Mask (14th), White Nights (22nd), Silverado (27th), Young Sherlock Holmes (44th), and Ladyhawke (46th).[26]

Critical reviews[edit]

Terrence O'Flaherty of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote, "Last night's sustained-release Oscar pill moved faster through the system than most, but from a standpoint of taste it was the worst in years." Regarding Alda, Fonda, and Williams hosting performance, he commented, "Together they immediately placed a fatal suggestion in the viewer's mind that there must be a shortage of elegant people in the movie business today - a suspicion that was substantiated again and again throughout this disjointed and unattractive program."[27] Chicago Tribune film critic Gene Siskel noted that after co-host Williams opened the ceremony with a slew of humorous jokes, "The show regrettably returned to its old bad habits with a boring onstage production number intended to be a tribute to old movies. Instead, it was a tribute to the continuing inability of the Oscar show producers to create fun for the home viewer rather than for the audience in the auditorium."[28] The Record's Joel Pisetzner remakred "The program might as well have begun with the announcement 'Dead, from L.A. it's Academy night!' "[29]

Television columnist John J. O'Connor of The New York Times quipped, "Suddenly, it seemed, somebody had listened to the complaints that had grown deadeningly familiar over the years. Clumpy film clips and smirking patronization were out. Spiffy electronic techniques and pure celebration were in, leavened with generous dollops of good-natured and sometimes outrageous humor." He also added, "Mr. Williams's improvisational, on-the-precipice style of humor brought the event's comic tone thumpingly into the 1980's."[30] Yardena Arar from the Los Angeles Daily News said, "This time, the ABC telecast didn't drown in the thank yous -- or, for that matter, boring presentation speeches and production numbers. Clocking in at 3 and one-fourth hours, the show seemed shorter -- and Donen must take the lion's share of the credit." Furthermore, she observed, "The writing was by and large brisk, the production numbers fair (in the case of the Oscar-nominated songs) to fabulous (Howard Keel's medley with a bevy of former leading ladies)."[31] Houston Chronicle television critic Ann Hodges remarked, "Oscar 1986 goes into the record books as a very good year - the year the Academy parked the pompous and let the show biz show." She also lauded the winners' acceptance speeches and the various musicals numbers during the broadcast.[32]

Ratings and reception[edit]

The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 37.8 million people over its length, which was a 2% decrease from the previous year's ceremony.[33] Moreover, the show drew lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 27.3% of households watching over a 43 share.[34] At the time, it earned the lowest viewership for an Academy Award telecast and the lowest ratings for any broadcast.[35]

In July 1986, the ceremony presentation received four nominations at the 38th Primetime Emmys.[36][37] The following month, the ceremony won one of those nominations for Outstanding Art Direction for a Variety Program (Roy Christopher).[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharbutt, Jay (March 26, 1986). "Oscar Wins Its Slot, Still Loses Ground". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ "58th Annual Academy Awards Presentation". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved Jun 9, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Hosting chores". Variety (PMC). February 13, 2005. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  5. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (March 25, 1986). "Oscars Go to 'Out of Africa' and It's Director, Sydney Pollack". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ Baltake, Joe (March 25, 1986). "7 Oscars Come 'Out Of Africa'". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  7. ^ Matthews, Jack (February 5, 1986). "'Out of Africa' Ties 'Color Purple' as Oscar Nominees : 11 Citations; Spielberg Not Named". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). 
  8. ^ Baltake, Joe (March 25, 1986). "7 Oscars Come 'Out Of Africa'". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved August 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ Friendly, David T. (March 27, 1986). "Academy Hits Racism Accusation". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 1151
  11. ^ King, Susan. "y Awards Calendar Goes To The Oscars: Side Orders". Los Angeles Timese (March 28, 1993) (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 676
  13. ^ "The 58th Academy Awards (1986) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved October 16, 2011. 
  14. ^ Broeske, Pat H. (March 23, 1986). "The Out-of-towner". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  15. ^ Smith, Steven (March 23, 1986). "The Tenacious Alex North". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  16. ^ Wilson, John M. (March 23, 1986). "Best Footage Forward". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  17. ^ Mull, Marrison (March 23, 1986). "The Show, From Beginning To End". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  18. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 672
  19. ^ Terrance 2013, p. 14
  20. ^ Ryan, Desmond. "Why are old films tinted? Just blame it on the kids.". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Group). p. I2. 
  21. ^ Blakey, Scott (February 11, 1986). "KQEC's `3-2-1 Contact' Tries 3-2-1 Blast-Off". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Corporation). p. 45. 
  22. ^ "Alda, Fonda named hosts of Oscars". Montreal Gazette (Postmedia Network). February 28, 1986. p. D13. 
  23. ^ Osborne 2008, p. 387
  24. ^ a b Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 673
  25. ^ a b "1985 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "1985 Domestic Grosses (as of February 4, 1987)". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  27. ^ O'Flaherty, Terrence (March 25, 1986). "A Very Tacky Night in Hollywood". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Corporation). p. 55. 
  28. ^ Siskel, Gene (March 25, 1986). "`Africa` Dominates With 7 Oscars While `Purple` Is Shut Out". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved August 24, 2015. 
  29. ^ Pisetzner, Joel (March 25, 1986). "Again the Stars Come Out for a Glorious Night of Blah". The Record (North Jersey Media Group). p. B1. 
  30. ^ O'Connor, John J. (March 25, 1986). "The Academy Awards Ceremony". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved August 24, 2015. 
  31. ^ Arar, Yardena (March 25, 1986). "The Real Winner Was the Audience". Los Angeles Daily News (NewMedia Group). p. 8. 
  32. ^ Hodges, Ann (March 25, 1986). "Hollywood blowout goes down a winner". Houston Chronicle (Hearst Corporation). p. 5. 
  33. ^ Gorman, Bill (March 8, 2010). "Academy Awards Averages 41.3 Million Viewers; Most Since 2005". TV by the Numbers (Tribune Media). Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  34. ^ Schwed, Mark (March 30, 1993). "Kudocast’s Nielsen ratings highest in 10 years". Variety (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved August 8, 2015. 
  35. ^ Pond 2005, p. 159
  36. ^ "Primetime Emmy Award database". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS). Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  37. ^ "Nominations for Prime-Time Emmys". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). August 1, 1986. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  38. ^ Margulies, Lee. "First Round : Fields, Olivier Shows Win Emmys". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Publishing). Retrieved June 9, 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Analysis
Other resources