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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||7th century BC – 6th century BC – 5th century BC|
|Decades:||620s BC 610s BC 600s BC – 590s BC – 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC|
|Years:||599 BC 598 BC 597 BC 596 BC 595 BC 594 BC 593 BC 592 BC 591 BC 590 BC|
|Births – Deaths|
Events and trends
- 599 BC—Vardhamana Mahavira, last Tirthankara of Jainism, is born.
- 598 BC—Jeconiah succeeds Jehoiakim as King of Judah.
- March 16, 597 BC—Babylonians capture Jerusalem following a siege, replace Jeconiah with Zedekiah as king and send many Jews (including Ezekiel) into Babylonian captivity.
- 595 BC—Psamtik II succeeds Necho II as king of Egypt.
- 595 BC—in Zhou Dynasty China, the State of Jin is defeated by the State of Chu in the Battle of Bi.
- 594 BC—The leaders of Athens, facing an economic crisis and popular discontent, appoint the poet–statesman Solon (eponymous archon) to institute democratic reforms and revive the city's constitution, extending citizenship to males of many classes.
- 593 BC—Exile of Sappho and Alcaeus (Alkaios) of Mytilene in Sicily.
- 592 BC—Early history of Sudan: An Egyptian army sacks Napata, compelling the Cushite court to move to a more secure location at Meroe near the sixth cataract of the Nile.