596 (nuclear test)
|Test site||Lop Nur Test Base|
|Period||October 16, 1964|
|Number of tests||1|
|Max. yield||22 kilotons of TNT (92 TJ)|
|Next test||Test No. 6|
596, originally named by the US intelligence agencies Chic-1, is the codename of the People's Republic of China's first nuclear weapons test, detonated on October 16, 1964, at the Lop Nur test site. It was a uranium-235 implosion fission device and had a yield of 22 kilotons. With the test, China became the fifth nuclear power.
In response, the Taiwanese leadership, including President Chiang Kai-shek, called for a military response against Chinese nuclear facilities and the formation of an Asian anti-communist defense organisation.
- Time: 07:00 GMT 16 October 1964
- Location: Lop Nur Test Ground,  , about 70 km northwest of Lop Nor dry lake
- Test Height and Type: Tower, 102 meters
- Yield: 22 kilotons
- Communist China's Weapons Program for Strategic Attack, NIE 13-8-71 (Top Secret, declassified June 2004), Central Intelligence Agency, Washington D.C., 1971.
- Albright, David; Gay, Corey (1 January 1998). "Taiwan: Nuclear nightmare averted". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Retrieved 28 May 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (. ))
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2008)|
- Lewis, John Wilson and Xue Litai (1988). China Builds the Bomb. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
- Richelson, Jeffrey T. (2006). Spying on the Bomb: American nuclear intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea (Chapter 4, "Mao's Explosive Thoughts"). New York: W.W. Norton and Co.