59 Club

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59 Club
59 Club Proper Logo.png
Founded 1959
Location London, UK
Founder John Oates
Key people Reverend Bill Shergold
Reverend Graham Hullett
Type Charity
Region Worldwide
Purpose To help young motorcyclists [1]
Membership 30,000 (600 annual renewals)
Website www.the59club.co.uk
Abbreviation The 9
Eton Mission, original home of the 59 Club, and St. Mary of Eton Church, Eastway, Hackney Wick, London

The 59 Club, also written as The Fifty Nine Club and known as 'the 9', is a British motorcycle club with members distributed internationally.

The 59 Club started as a Church of England-based youth club founded in Hackney Wick on 2 April 1959, in the East End of London, then an underprivileged area suffering post-war deprivations.[2][3]

In 1962 a motorcycle section was established, meeting once a week on Saturday evenings at Eton Mission where there was ample parking and a large hall with table tennis, billiards, a juke box and a coffee bar. Motor Cycle staff writer Mike Evans in 1963 reported: "Ably managed by the Rev. Bill Shergold, the club is affectionately known by London riders as 'The Vic's Caff'!"[4]

It was notable for, initially in the London area during the mid-1960s, its adoption by the British motorcycling subculture known as 'rockers', who were at that time a seen as "folk devils" at the centre of a moral panic in society. [5][6] Its badge has taken on an iconic value for them.[7]

History[edit]

Father Bill Shergold and Father Graham Hullet, leaders of the 59 Club

It was started by Church of England curate John Oates, who went on to become the Canon of St. Brides in Fleet Street. Father William Shergold started the motorcycle section in 1962 after a visit to the Ace Cafe, and it was later run by Graham Hullet and Mike Cook. The club became well known, and attracted luminaries such as Sir Cliff Richard, Dame Elizabeth Taylor, Princess Margaret and Lord Snowdon to its opening night, and later many motorcycling sportsmen and musicians. Its trustees included Bishop Trevor Huddleston, the famous anti-apartheid campaigner. For British motorcyclists, it was famous for being one of the first places in the UK to preview the previously banned biker movie The Wild One, in 1968.[8]

From 1962 to the early 1980s, the club enjoyed fame as the top hang-out spot for London rockers and motorcyclists, and overall it created a positive archetype for the young members to follow, in the bad boys made good vein. At the time, some rockers were considered folk devils, due to their clashes with scooter-riding mods (see Mods and Rockers).

In May 1964 the club moved from Hackney Wick to a church property at Paddington Green when Rev. Shergold moved to a new parish of St Mary on Paddington Green Church St Mary's[9][10][11][12] in Paddington in the West End of London.

In March 1965, AP news agency quoted the membership as "nearly 7,000, from almost every corner of Britain".[11] The club celebrated its third birthday at a function held at their two-storey church hall on 23 October, with a large iced cake weighing 84 lb (38 kg) created by Arthur Keen and decorated by 'Jiminy' as a facsimile of Brands Hatch motor racing circuit. The hall was packed with 1,200 members and friends attended with some sleeping overnight and near to 1,000 motorcycles parked outside. At that time, Motor Cycle magazine quoted the membership at 10,000, further confirming the previous year's membership with the comment: "That's well over 250 new members a month, if you care to work it out!". The celebrations were concluded the next day, Sunday, when Rev. Shergold held a service at his nearby church.[13]

The January 1966 issue of Motorcycle Mechanics magazine carried a letter submitted previously by a Charles Howe, on behalf of the 59 Club, successfully applying for a free motorcycle, a vintage 1939 Royal Enfield v-twin donated by Assistant Editor Ian Speller, when the membership was quoted at 9,500.[14]

The venue for the next function, the club's fourth birthday, was Alexandra Palace, allowing for 3,000 attendees on 10 December. The membership in September 1966 was quoted at 13,000, with a stand at the Earls Court motorcycle show to recruit further new members.[15]

During its 1960s heyday, the club may have been the largest motorcycle club in the world, with over 20,000 members, who had to sign up in person. Members came from all over the UK, and even Europe.

Father Graham Hullet, a leader of the 59 Club seated on motorcycle, with original 59 Club members at the Enfield Motorcycles factory, UK
Diving Section badge attached to a Lewis Leathers Super Bronx jacket sleeve

The 59 Club attracted both male and female members and, according to Father Graham Hullet its success was based on its almost entire lack of rules.[16] Besides motorcycles and 1950s rock and roll, the club involved activities such as football and sub-aqua diving—which gave the youths, mainly from underprivileged backgrounds, an outlet for their energy. Each year, the club organised ride-outs to famous winter motorcycle rallies such as the Dragon Rally in Wales, the Elephant Rally at the Nürburgring in Germany, and to the Isle of Man TT races. The 59 Club Barbeque still occurs every year at TT in Laxey, on the Isle of Man coast.

Towards the end of its heyday,[when?] the club witnessed the birth of a very different type of motorcycle club—American-style outlaw motorcycle clubs, the rise of these groups, which tended to cater to an older, tougher crowd, was a contrast to the 59 way of life marking the end of the 1960s British Rocker sub-culture.

This was followed by a period when Japanese motorcycles outnumber the old British irons, The subculture would not see a resurgence for almost a decade, but the legend of the 59 Club carried on with original members who were determined to keep the spirit of the 1950s alive with the ageing Ton-Up/Rocker scene.

The Club relied on a new breed of modern Rockers on their newer bikes through the '80s and was very popular at its headquarters in Hackney Yorkton St. It has always carried its Rocker roots, with rock and roll still on the Jukebox as it is today.

By the late 1980s, a Rockers revival was underway and a number of enthusiasts started a 'Classic Section' within the club, a sub-group of members dedicated to upholding the 1960s rockers subculture (the style, music, and motorcycles), this again died away until recently, but the 59 has never stopped attracting a mixed motorcycling membership many of whom are Rockers.

Past leaders[edit]

Father Graham Hullet, a leader of the 59 Club, with an original 59 Club and Road Rat member being interviewed by Dilly Barlow of BBC Radio 4 Home Truths

Father Bill Shergold, remembered as being like “a father figure that many of the boys never had”,[17] was the president until he died aged 89 in Wells, Somerset in May 2009.[17][18]

Another vicar, Rev. Graham Hullett, also a keen motorcyclist, assisted the running of the club from 1966 to 1970, developing an ideology that helped people from troubled backgrounds. Hullet died in a Lincoln hospital in 2012, aged 80.[8][19] he was interviewed for BBC Radio 4 Home Truths[20] when he spoke of the club's heyday.

Mike Cook who was a paid leader from the mid 60's, retired from the club in 1992

Present day[edit]

St Augustine's Church in Yorkton Street, Hackney. 59 Club clubhouse until 1993.

In 1993 The 59 Club moved from Yorkton Street in Hackney to Plaistow, up until that time all the club heads were paid either by the church or the GLC but since then have managed the club on a voluntary basis.

In September 2009, the club celebrated its 50th anniversary service at St Martin-in-the-Fields church, Trafalgar Square, London. [21]

In June 2018, the 59 Club opened a West London branch on the last Thursday of the month at All Saints Church in Hanworth, the first church set up by 59 Club founder Father Bill Shergold.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charity overview". charitycommission.gov.uk. 
  2. ^ The 59 Club: Rockers to host reunion at Hackney Wick church where world famous biker club was born 24 April 2018
  3. ^ Church of England Retrieved 8 July 2014
  4. ^ Motor Cycle, 28 Feb 1963, pp. 250–251 Coffee Bar Survey by Mike Evans. "Every Saturday night the motor-cycle section attracts a crowd of young riders from all over London". Accessed and added 8 July 2014
  5. ^ Rockers and bikers from the 1960s hold reunion in Hackney church East London Lines May 11, 2018
  6. ^ Folk devils and moral panics : the creation of the Mods and Rockers by Stanley Cohen. Routledge, London
  7. ^ Motor Cycle, 7 January 1965, p. 21 Emergency Vicar 59 by Mike Evans. "In the two short years since we published the news of the formation of the 59 Club motor-cycle section, Father Bill has won the hearts—and the respect—of thousands of motorcyclists from all over the country". Accessed and added 7 June 2014
  8. ^ a b Stuart Barker (20 December 2010). "The 59 Club: London's outlaws". Visor Down. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  9. ^ Motor Cycle, 23 April 1964, p.505 At St Paul's. "Next Sunday Father Bill Shergold climbs the steps of the magnificent new Mottistone pulpit beneath the great dome of St. Paul's Cathedral to conduct one of the Popular Evening Services. On the morning of the same day Father Shergold is holding his farewell service at St Mary of Eton...Next week he will take up duties at his new parish, St. Mary's, Paddington Green.". Accessed and added 30 December 2014
  10. ^ Motor Cycle, 7 January 1965, p.21 Emergency Vicar 59 by Mike Evans. "What vicarages do you know that run a breakdown service for motor cyclists? St. Mary's, Paddington, is about the only one, I imagine! The emergency service is but one of the activities of this enterprising club—in spite of the fact that it has no HQ at the moment ". Accessed and added 7 June 2014
  11. ^ a b Priest in jeans cares for Britain's Toughs The Free Lance-Star, 19 March 1965 Retrieved 7 June 2014
  12. ^ Motor Cycle, 24 June 1965, p. 835. HQ lost. "The Sunbeam club have unfortunately lost their meeting place at the Byron Hotel, Greenford...There is a possibility that the film show, scheduled for July 1, will be held at the 59 Club, Unwin Place, Harrow Road, London W2...". Accessed and added 25 February 2015
  13. ^ Motor Cycle 28 October 1965 pp. 629, 636. Three years. Accessed 2 September 2015
  14. ^ Motorcycle Mechanics January 1966, p.5. Accessed 7 September 2015
  15. ^ Motor Cycle 15 September 1966 p. 361. Accessed 2 September 2015
  16. ^ Motor Cycle, 28 Feb 1963, pp. 250–251 Coffee Bar Survey by Mike Evans. "The great thing is that there are no membership fees, no regulations. Anyone is welcome and almost anything goes!". Accessed and added 8 July 2014
  17. ^ a b "The Rev William Shergold: biker priest". Times Online Obituary. 24 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Death of pioneering rocker priest". BBC News. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2009. 
  19. ^ Motorcycle News obituary, December 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2014
  20. ^ "Home Truths programme". BBC Radio 4. 
  21. ^ "Biker priest passes away". www.visordown.com. 21 May 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cohen, Stanley (1972) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. London: Mac Gibbon and Kee. ISBN 0-415-26712-9.
  • Stuart, Johnny (1989) Rockers! Kings of the Road. Plexus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-85965-125-8
  • Cook, Mike (1965–1970) Link Magazine, magazine of the fifty nine club. London: 59 Club
  • Cook, Mike Cowboys Fifty Nine Club Story ISBN 978-0-9557978-0-4

External links[edit]