59th Ordnance Brigade

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59th Ordnance Brigade
59 Ord Bde SSI.png
59th Ordnance Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1955–1992
1994 – present
Country USA
Branch U.S. Army
Garrison/HQ Fort Lee, VA
Website goordance
Commanders
Current
commander
COL Thomas Rivard
Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia 59 Ord Bde DUI.png

The 59th Ordnance Brigade is a military unit of the United States Army. The unit is currently stood up as the U.S. Army Ordnance School's training brigade. In its previous iteration, the brigade had more than 6,500 soldiers. It was responsible for storage, delivering, maintaining, Nuclear and Chemical Control Orders, and supervising the weapons of mass destruction ("special ammo" of Nuclear and Chemical Munitions) for U.S. Forces and Forces of the Allied NATO-Countries, except France.

Heraldry[edit]

Shoulder Sleeve Insignia[edit]

Blazon: On a shield 2 1/2 inches (6.35 cm) in width and 3 inches (7.62 cm) in height overall, crimson with a 1/8 inch (.32 cm) yellow border, a white disc with scalloped rim containing a crimson flame of nine tongues surmounted by a small yellow disc at upper center between two cannon barrels in a V position, their breeches conjoined in base.

Symbolism: Crimson and yellow are the colors used for Ordnance. The cannon barrels represent weapons, the disc at center a round of shot or ammunition, and the flames suggest ordnance repairs. The white area, suggesting a cloud of smoke, alludes to explosives. The position of the cannon barrels simulating the Roman numeral five, together with the nine tongues of the flame, alludes to the organization's numerical designation.

Background: The shoulder sleeve insignia was approved on 18 April 1980. (TIOH Dwg. No. A-1-655)

Distinctive Unit Insignia[edit]

Blazon: A gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/4 inches (3.18 cm) in height consisting of a red dragon's foreleg with scales outlined gold and five claws at the left, bent at the elbow in center base and having on its shoulder at right a Korean Taeguk in red and blue; centered behind the dragon's leg between a blue arch at the top extending from shoulder to claws of the dragon leg and inscribed in gold with the words "POWER TO SPARE" and in base a wavy blue band terminating at the claws and shoulder of the dragon leg, a gold castle tower with red pointed roof top.[1]

Symbolism: Crimson and gold are the colors of the Ordnance Corps. The unit's World War II service in the Central Europe and Rhineland campaigns is represented by the castle tower and the wavy band in base, and the general configuration of the tower is an allusion to ordnance materiel. The dragon leg is adapted from designs found on Korean artifacts, its five claws referring to the number of Korean campaign credits and the Taeguk symbol on its shoulder denoting a Meritorious Unit Citation for Korean service.

Background: The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 59th Ordnance Group on 12 May 1969. It was redesignated for the 59th Ordnance Brigade on 8 March 1978.

Current configuration[edit]

Units:

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Fort Lee, Virginia
  • 16th Ordnance Battalion, Fort Lee, Virginia
  • 832nd Ordnance Battalion, Fort Lee, Virginia
  • 73rd Ordnance Battalion, Fort Gordon, Georgia
  • EOD Training Battalion, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida
  • Ordnance Training Detachment, Fort Sill, Oklahoma
  • Ordnance Training Detachment, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri

History[edit]

The 71st Ordnance Battalion was activated in Germany in 1955. 1959 it was formed into the Advanced Weapons Support Command AWSCOM. On 24 March 1962 it was renamed into Special Ammunition Support Command SASCOM.

In October 1972 the SASCOM was name was changed to Special Ammunition Support Brigade. The Special Ammunition Support Brigade changed to the 59th Ordnance Brigade for Operational Security reasons as Special Ammunition indicated Nuclear Munitions and or Chemical Munitions as High Priority Targets for the "Cold War" U.S.S.R.

In June 1992 the 59th Ordnance Brigade was deactivated after it had removed all U.S. Army Nuclear (SALT, START, Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF)Treaty) and Chemical Weapons (Operation Steel Box and Operation Golden Python) from Europe including Italy, Greece and Turkey as SETAF (Southern European Task Force).

It was reactivated in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, 1994.[2]

The Brigade was reassigned to Fort Lee, VA in 2011.

Overview[edit]

In June 1976 the Brigade's units were situated at many locations in Western Germany and The Netherlands:[3]

Unit Location Remark
Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 59th Ordnance Brigade Husterhöh-Kaserne, Pirmasens
United States Army Permissive Action Link Detachment Husterhöh-Kaserne, Pirmasens
563rd Ordnance Company (Maintenance) (General Supply) Camp Pieri, Wiesbaden Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
579th Ordnance Company (General Maintenance) Nelson Baracks, Neu-Ulm Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
165th Signal Company Husterhöh-Kaserne, Pirmasens
41st Ordnance Company (Ammunition Conventional) Kaiserslautern Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
22nd Aviation Detachment Husterhöh-Kaserne, Pirmasens
3rd United States Army Ordnance Battalion (Theater Support)
HHC, 3rd Ordnance Battalion Husterhöh-Kaserne, Pirmasens Previously 1977 to 1991 Special Troops Battalion, Theater Support Battalion
9th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (Theater Support, DS/GS) Miesau Army Depot Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion from 72nd
164th Military Police Company (Physical Security) Miesau Ammunition Depot Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion from 72nd
330th Ordnance Company (Chemical Munitions) Site 59 Clausen, Admin HQ Muenchweiller Kaserne Operation Steel Box and Operation Golden Python
110th Military Police Company (Physical Security) Site 59 Clausen, Admin HQ Muenchweiller Kaserne Operation Steel Box and Operation Golden Python
41st Ordnance Company (Ammunition Conventional) Rhine Ordnance Barracks Kaiserslautern Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
41st Ord Det (Conventional Munitions and Lance Missiles) Fischbach Army Depot Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
563rd Ordnance Company (Maintenance) (General Supply) Camp Pieri, Wiesbaden Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
579th Ordnance Company (General Maintenance) Nelson Baracks, Neu-Ulm Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
4th Ordnance Company (GM Maintenance) Army Depot, Miesau Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
72nd Ord Bn crest 1.jpg 72nd United States Army Ordnance Battalion (Ammunition)
HHD, 72nd Ordnance Battalion Army Depot, Miesau
4th Ordnance Company (GM Maintenance) Army Depot, Miesau Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
6th Military Police Company (Physical Security) NATO 111, Muenster-Dieburg (Muna) Kaserne
9th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (Theater Support, DS/GS) Army Depot, Miesau Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
164th Military Police Company (Physical Security) Ammunition Depot, Miesau Reassigned to 3rd Ordnance Battalion
545th Ordnance Company (Maintenance) NATO 111, Muenster-Dieburg (Muna) Kaserne
619th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (Dep Spt) Ammunition Depot, Kriegsfeld
558th Military Police Company (Physical Security) Ammunition Depot, Kriegsfeld
197th Ord Bn crest.jpg 197th United States Army Ordnance Battalion (Ammunition)
HHD, 197th Ordnance Battalion Fischbach-Kaserne, Fischbach
64th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (DS/GS) Fischbach Kaserne, Fischbach Alternate to the Theater Support Mission of 9th Ordnance Company
165th Military Police Company (Physical Security) Fischbach Kaserne, Fischbach
525th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (Dep Spt) Ordnance Area, Siegelsbach
556th Military Police Company (Physical Security) Ordnance Area, Siegelsbach
5th U.S. Army Artillery Group DUI.svg5th United States Army Artillery Group (Wh Spt)
HHD, 5th United States Artillery Group Stöckerbusch-Kaserne, Büren
27th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (GS) Stöckerbusch-Kaserne, Büren
4th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Werl
33rd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Dellbrück
43rd Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Düren-Drove
66th Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Soest-Büecke
85th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Geilenkirchen
507th Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Hinsbeck
294th USAArtGrp crest 1.jpg 294th United States Army Artillery Group|294th Artillery Group (Wh Spt)
HHD, 294th United States Army Artillery Group Flensburg
99th Ordnance Detachment (Wh Spt) Flensburg
13th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Liliencron-Kaserne, Kellinghusen SAS Kellinghusen
75th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Flensburg
512th US Army Artillery Group DUI.svg 512th United States Army Artillery Group (Wh Spt)
HHD, 512th United States Army Artillery Group Günzburg
510th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (GS) Günzburg
2nd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Pfullendorf
24th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Landsberg
36th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Hemau
74th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Airfield, Lechfeld
84th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Großengstingen
552nd USAArtGrp crest.jpg 552nd United States Army Artillery Group (Wh Spt)
HHD, 552nd United States Army Artillery Group Mühlenberg-Kaserne, Sögel
162nd Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (GS) Mühlenberg-Kaserne, Sögel
1st United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Schill-Kaserne, Wesel Brigade *TACOPS* Champion 1988
8th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Steenwijk, Netherlands
23rd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) 't Harde, Netherlands
25th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Barme
32nd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Nienburg
35th Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Hohenkirchen
42nd Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Barnsdorf
51st Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Adelheide
557th United States Army Artillery Group DUI.svg 557th United States Army Artillery Group (Wh Spt)
HHD, 557th United States Army Artillery Group Aartalkaserne, Herborn
96th Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (GS) Aartalkaserne, Herborn
3rd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Salm-Kaserne, Philippsburg
7th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Harthberg Kaserne, Treysa[4]
30th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Steuben Kaserne, Giessen
52nd Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Lippe
83rd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Montabaur
501st Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Kilianstädten
570th USAArtGrp crest.jpg 570th United States Army Artillery Group (Wh Spt)
HHD, 570th United States Army Artillery Group Handorf
583rd Ordnance Company (Special Ammunition) (GS) Handorf
15th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Paderborn
22nd United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Dempsey Baracks, Sennelager
69th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Hemer
81st United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) (HJ) Dülmen
509th Air Defense Detachment (Msl Wh Spt) Vörden

Units[edit]

41st Ordnance Company[edit]

The 41st Ordnance Company was organized in May 1936 as Company C, 1st Battalion, 32nd Quartermaster Regiment. [5] It was redesignated as Company C, 70th Quartermaster Battalion in June 1940 and moved to Camp Gordon, Georgia in May 1942. The company was converted and redesignated as the 3419th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company in August 1942. The company was reorganized as the 3419th Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company in January 1943 and deployed to Europe participating in four campaigns during War World II. It was reorganized and redesignated as the 41st Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company in June 1947 and inactivated in Germany in September 1947.

The company was activated in Japan in March 1950 and deployed to Korea where it participated in one campaign. The unit was inactivated in Japan in November 1951.

The company was activated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina in May 1952 and was redesignated as the 41st Ordnance Company in November 1952. The 41st was inactivated in Thailand in September 1966.

The 41st Ordnance Company was reactivated in September 1975 and garrisoned at Rhine Ordnance Barracks in Vogelweh, part of the Kaiserslautern military community and was assigned to the 72nd Ordnance Battalion, 59th Ordnance Brigade. The 41st provided general support on various missile systems. Their Dedicated Delivery Service program provided a direct exchange of defective missile parts. The 41st maintained two storage depots: in Weilerbach and in Fischbach where large reserves of Pershing, Hawk and Nike Hercules missile systems were stored and maintained

The company was reassigned to the reactivated 3rd Ordnance Battalion, 59th Ordnance Brigade in September 1977. The 3rd Ordnance Battalion was transferred to the 32nd Army Air Defense Command and the 41st Ordnance was transferred to Special Troops Battalion on 1 November 1982 then to the Theater Support Battalion. The 3rd Ordnance Battalion transferred back to the 59th Ordnance Brigade in June 1985 and regained the 41st Ordnance Company. The 3rd Ordnance Battalion was inactivated in October 1990 and the 41st was transferred to the 197th Ordnance Battalion.

82nd United States Army Missile Detachment[edit]

The 82nd United States Army Missile Detachment was activated in 1965 under the 512th United States Army Artillery Group, 59th Ordnance Brigade and was garrisoned at Lechfeld Air Base, West Germany. The detachment controlled the Pershing missile warheads of Missile Wing 1, German Air Force. The detachment merged with 74th United States Army Missile Detachment in 1971 to form the 74th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment.

85th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment[edit]

The 85th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (85th USAFAD) was activated in November 1966 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and assigned to the 2nd Missile Battalion, 79th Artillery. The unit was reassigned to the 2nd Missile Battalion, 44th Artillery in November 1968. The unit then moved to Fliegerhorst Kaserne in NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen, West Germany in August 1969 and was assigned to the 5th United States Army Artillery Group in November. The detachment controlled the Pershing missile warheads of Missile Wing 2, German Air Force. The unit was reassigned to the 557th United States Army Artillery Group, 59th Ordnance Brigade in October 1979. The detachment was deactivated on 15 February 1991 [according to the Army Center of Military History @ Ft. Lesley J. McNair in DC].

74th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment[edit]

The 74th United States Army Missile Detachment was formed in April 1965 under the 512th United States Army Artillery Group, 59th Ordnance Brigade and was garrisoned at Schwabstadl Kaserne in Schwabstadl, West Germany. The detachment controlled the Pershing missile warheads of Missile Wing 1, German Air Force. The detachment merged with the 82nd United States Army Missile Detachment to form the 74th United States Army Field Artillery Detachment (74th USAFAD) in 1971.

579th Ordnance Company[edit]

The 579th Ordnance Company was activated and assigned to the 81st Ordnance Battalion on 24 June 1961 in Wiesbaden, commanded by Captain William H. Dodd. The Seventh United States Army Advance Weapons Guided Missile Company, located in Gonsenheim and the 367th Ordnance Detachment were inactivated on the same date and most of the personnel were transferred to the 579th; the 167th Ordnance Detachment was attached to the 579th. The mission of the 579th was to provide general support maintenance for all non-explosive components of "Y" missiles and all ordnance materiel of the ground guidance launching and handling equipment not allied with automotive or conventional mechanical equipment. In 1964 the 579th was transferred to the 19th Ordnance Battalion.

The 579th Ordnance Company under the 59th Ordnance Group was assigned the general support role for the Pershing in 1966. The company was garrisoned on Kleber Kaserne in Kaiserslautern. In January 1967, the company moved to Wartberg Kaserne in Pforzheim. The 579th then moved to Nelson Barracks in Neu-Ulm in a general support maintenance role. In 1977 the 3rd Ordnance Battalion was activated under the 59th Ordnance Brigade with the 579th as a subordinate unit. In 1982, the 579th was deactivated and reformed as Headquarters and Headquarters Company and D Company of the 55th Maintenance Battalion, 56th Field Artillery Brigade.

Members of the 579th wore the shoulder sleeve insignia of the Theater Army Support Command (TASCOM) until 1974, then the United States Army Europe (USAREUR). They wore the distinctive unit insignia of the 59th Ordnance Brigade until 1977 when the unit switched to that of the 3rd Ordnance Battalion.

Commanders

  • Maj. Francis W. Thonus
  • Maj. Richard A. Carter
  • Capt. Michael C. Kilgore

References[edit]

  1. ^ "59th Ordnance Brigade". The Institute of Heraldry. 
  2. ^ The History Of Kriegsfeld Special Weapons Depot (North Point). (online)
  3. ^ USAREUR/Seventh Army STATION LIST, 1 June 1976.
    Cited from: U.S. Army in Germany: 59th Ordnance Brigade
  4. ^ previoUnited States Harthberg Kaserne
  5. ^ "A Look Back ... at the 59th Ordnance Brigade". The Courier. 1992. 

External links[edit]