59th United States Congress

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59th United States Congress
58th ← → 60th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1905 – March 4, 1907

Senate President: Charles W. Fairbanks
Senate Pres. pro tem: William P. Frye
House Speaker: Joseph G. Cannon
Members: 90 Senators
386 Representatives
6 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Special: March 4, 1905 – March 18, 1905
1st: December 4, 1905 – June 30, 1906
2nd: December 3, 1906 – March 3, 1907

The Fifty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1905 to March 4, 1907, during the fifth and sixth years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.


Major events[edit]

Main articles: 1905, 1906 and 1907

Major legislation[edit]

Senate composition by party at the start of the 59th Congress

Party summary[edit]



House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL: 386

President of the Senate
Charles W. Fairbanks



House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]



House of Representatives[edit]


  1. ^ "Carnegie Foundation". Carnegie Foundation. November 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  2. ^ Robert M. La Follette was elected to the 59th Congress for the term starting March 4, 1905, but he did not assume the seat until January 2, 1906, preferring to finish his term as Governor of Wisconsin.