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5D BIM, an acronym for 5-dimensional building information modeling, is a term used in the CAD and construction industries, and refers to the intelligent linking of individual 3D CAD components or assemblies with schedule (time - 4D BIM) constraints [1] and then with cost-related information.[2]

5D = 3D + SCHEDULE + COST[3]

The creation of 5D models enables the various participants (from architects, designers, contractors to owners) of a construction project to visualize the progress of construction activities and its related costs over time.[4][5] This BIM-centric project management technique has potential to improve management and delivery of projects of any size or complexity.[6]

In June 2016, McKinsey, a consultancy, identified 5D BIM technology as one of five big ideas poised to disrupt construction.It defined 5D BIM as "a five-dimensional representation of the physical and functional characteristics of any project. It considers a project’s cost and schedule in addition to the standard spatial design parameters in 3-D." [7]


In Germany and Europe at large, 5D BIM technology is prevalent among large general contractors.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Introduction to 4D Research by Martin Fischer". stanford.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ "ASHRAE Introduction to BIM, 4D and 5D". cadsoft-consult.com. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  4. ^ "NIBS BIM Initiatives". wbdg.org. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  5. ^ "5D BIM from Vico website". vicosoftware.com. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  6. ^ Mills, Fred. "What is 5D BIM?". www.TheB1M.com. The B1M Limited. Retrieved 8 April 2016
  7. ^ "Imagining construction's digital future". McKinsey & Company. Retrieved 2017-08-27.