5 (Los Angeles Railway)

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5
200px.
Overview
Type Light rail
System Los Angeles Railway (1920-45)
Los Angeles Transit Lines (1945-58)
Los Angeles MTA (1958-63)
Locale Los Angeles, Inglewood, Lennox, and Hawthorne
Termini Colorado Boulevard and Townsend Street (1920-48)
Colorado Boulevard and Eagle Rock Boulevard (1948-55)
Hawthorne Boulevard and Broadway (Hawthorne)
Stations 112
Operation
Opened 1920
Closed 1955
Owner Los Angeles MTA
Technical
Line length 21.9 miles (1920-48)
21.4 miles (1948-55)
Track gauge narrow gauge
Electrification Overhead lines
Route map

edit

Colorado and Townsend
Colorado and Mount Royal
Colorado and Argus
Colorado and Highland View
Colorado and Maywood
Colorado and Eagle Rock
Eagle Rock and Yosemite
Eagle Rock and Chickasaw
Eagle Rock and Norwalk
Eagle Rock and WestdaleOccidental College
Eagle Rock and Avenue 45Occidental College
Eagle Rock and YorkOccidental College
Eagle Rock and El Paso
Eagle Rock and Avenue 41
Eagle Rock and Verdugo
Eagle Rock and Avenue 38
Eagle Rock and Avenue 36
Eagle Rock and Avenue 35
Eagle Rock and Avenue 34
Eagle Rock and Avenue 33
Eagle Rock and Avenue 31
Eagle Rock and Cypress
Cypress and Division
Cypress and Macon
Cypress and Elm
Cypress and Arvia
Cypress and Alice
Cypress and Maseo
Cypress and Pepper
Avenue 28 and Idell
Avenue 28 and Figueroa
Figueroa and Avenue 22
Figueroa and San Fernando
California 11.svg Pasadena Freeway
Arroyo Seco
ATSF
San Fernando and Humboldt
San Fernando and Pasadena
Pasadena and Broadway
SP RR
Los Angeles River
ATSF
Solano Canyon
Little Italy
New Chinatown
Broadway and College
Broadway and Alpine
Broadway and Sunset
Broadway and Arcadia
US 101 (CA).svg Hollywood Freeway
Broadway and Temple
Broadway and 1stP
Broadway and 3rdAngels Flight
Broadway and 4th
Broadway and 5th
Broadway and 6th
Broadway and 7thJ R S
Broadway and 8th
Broadway and 9th
Broadway PlaceP
Main and 11th
Main and 12th
Main and Pico
Main and Venice
Main and Washington
Main and 23rd
Main and Adams
Main and 30th
Main and Jefferson
Jefferson and Broadway
Jefferson and GrandJ
Grand and 37th
Grand and 39th
I-110 (CA).svg Interstate 110
Santa Barbara and FigueroaExposition Park
Santa Barbara and HooverExposition Park
Santa Barbara and VermontV
Santa Barbara and Budlong
Santa Barbara and Normandie
Santa Barbara and Halldale
Santa Barbara and Denker
Santa Barbara and Western
Santa Barbara and Grammercy
Santa Barbara and Arlington
Santa Barbara and 4th Avenue
Leimert and Sutro
Leimert and Stocker
Leimert and 43rd
Leimert and Vernon
Crenshaw and 48th
Crenshaw and 50th
Crenshaw and 52nd
Crenshaw and 54th
Crenshaw and 57th
Crenshaw and Slauson
Crenshaw and 59th
Crenshaw and 60th
Crenshaw and 63rd
Hyde Park
Crenshaw and 67th
Redondo and WestInglewood City Boundary
Florence and Redondo
Florence and Prairie
Florence and Centinela
Florence and Hillcrest
Florence and Market
Market and Manchester
Market and La Brea
La Brea and Tamarack
La Brea and Arbor Vitae
La Brea and Hardy
Hawthorne and Century
Hawthorne and 104thLennox Town Boundary
Hawthorne and Lennox
Hawthorne and 111thHawthorne City Boundary
Hawthorne and Imperial Highway
Hawthorne and 118th
Hawthorne and 120th
Hawthorne and Broadway

5 or the 5 Car was a line operated by the Los Angeles Railway from 1920 to 1958 and by the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority from 1958 to 1963. From 1920 to 1932, this route was known as the E Car. This was changed as part of a method to distinguish routes that lacked loops at their termini. Consequently, the 5 Car was unique during the LAMTA era in that it did not use PCC streetcars. It used buses from 1955 to 1964, transferring from LATL in 1958, then splitting the line in two in 1961, until all lines were turned over to SCRTD in August 1964.

History[edit]

Inglewood Division (1887-1911)[edit]

The southern portion of the route began as the Inglewood Division, one of the main lines of the Los Angeles and Redondo Railway. From a terminus at 2nd and Spring Streets, the steam and later electric railroad ran to Redondo Beach via 2nd Street, Broadway, 7th Street, Grand Avenue, Santa Barbara Avenue, Leimert Avenue, Crenshaw Boulevard, Redondo Boulevard, Florence Avenue, Market Street, La Brea Avenue, Hawthorne Boulevard, Ripley Avenue, Anita Street, and Herondo Street.

In the Great Merger of 1911, the southern portion of the Redondo Railway were given over to the Pacific Electric Railway, while the northern portion became part of the Los Angeles Railway. The Hawthorne Line, as it was then called, terminated at the intersection of Hawthorne Boulevard and Broadway in the heart of Hawthorne, where one could transfer to two Pacific Electric routes. At some point in the 1910s, this route was merged with the Eagle Rock Line to become one of the longest streetcar routes in the United States.

Eagle Rock Line (1895-1920)[edit]

The Eagle Rock Line was one of LARy's original routes, connecting Downtown Los Angeles to the small agrarian suburb of Eagle Rock by way of Main Street, Avenue 20, Dayton Avenue, a private right-of-way (on which was soon built Avenue 28), Eagle Rock Boulevard, and Colorado Boulevard to Townsend Street. At Eagle Rock and Colorado, one could transfer to a branch of the Glendale and Montrose Railway.

In 1916, the renovation of the Broadway Tunnel allowed streetcars to run through it. Before this, all routes northeast had to run along Main Street at the Plaza de los Angeles, but now all of Broadway enjoyed direct, continuous service. It was along Broadway that the Eagle Rock Line was re-routed, bypassing most of Lincoln Heights, while increasing service to Solano Canyon and Little Italy.

E, 5, and 6 (1920-1963)[edit]

The E Line was the result of combining the Eagle Rock and Hawthorne Lines. At nearly 22 miles, it was the longest route of the Los Angeles Railway by far, and the route that extended further north, south, east or west than any other route. Said route traversed Colorado and Eagle Rock Boulevards, Cypress Avenue, Avenue 28, Figueroa Street, San Fernando Road, Pasadena Avenue, Broadway, Broadway Place, Main Street, Jefferson Boulevard, Grand and Santa Barbara Avenues, Leimert, Crenshaw, and Redondo Boulevards, Market Street, La Brea, and Hawthorne Boulevards.

In 1932, the route name was changed to 5. An additional route known as 6 followed the same route, but terminated at Avenue 45 in Eagle Rock and Arbor Vitae in Inglewood.

In 1948, the northern terminus of the route was cut back to the intersection of Colorado Boulevard and Eagle Rock Boulevards in the heart of Eagle Rock. From this period onward, a bus following the same route supplemented the streetcar, phasing it out by May 1955, due to 11 Harbor Freeway construction. Today, the route is closely followed by Metro bus routes 40, 84, & a short segment of 81. The under construction Crenshaw/LAX Line will follow the same route between Leimert Park and Market Street in Inglewood.

Geographic map; 5 is in magenta

The 5 bus route was split by LAMTA in 1961, the north portion to Eagle Rock Bl. & Colorado Bl. was served by route 7 from S. Broadway. A bar will open on Colorado Boulevard in November 2013 with a theme '5' Bar for the line which served local Eagle Rock residents for many years. The old style 'box' line sign is used, with the reflective dots denoting the number. Boulevard Newspaper, October 2013

Sources[edit]