5 (New York City Subway service)

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Lexington Avenue Express
5 symbol
Uptown R142 5 train.JPG
A train made of R142 cars in 5 service at West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue, bound for Eastchester–Dyre Avenue.
5 map
Note: Dark dotted line indicates weekday service to Eastchester-Dyre Avenue. Thin dark line indicates rush hour and weekend service to Nereid Avenue and Wakefield–241st Street. Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to Utica Avenue or New Lots Avenue
Northern end
Southern end
Stations 45
53 (including limited rush hour service to Utica Avenue and New Lots Avenue)
Rolling stock 340 R142s (34 trains)
Depot East 180th Street Yard
Started service October 27, 1904; 112 years ago (1904-10-27)
Route map
 2   5  Down arrow
Wakefield–241st Street
 5  Down arrow
Nereid Avenue
233rd Street
225th Street
219th Street
Gun Hill Road
Burke Avenue
Allerton Avenue
Pelham Parkway
Bronx Park East
 2   5  Down arrow
Eastchester–Dyre Avenue
Baychester Avenue
Gun Hill Road
Pelham Parkway
Morris Park
 5  Up arrow
East 180th Street
West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue
174th Street
Freeman Street
Simpson Street
Intervale Avenue
Prospect Avenue
Jackson Avenue
Third Avenue–149th Street
149th Street–Grand Concourse
 2  trains via Lenox Av Line
 4  trains via Jerome Av Line
138th Street–Grand Concourse
 6   <6>  trains via Pelham Line
The Bronx
Manhattan
125th Street
 5 
Local section;
bypassed when running
(116th Street)
(110th Street)
(103rd Street)
(96th Street)
86th Street
 5 
Local section;
bypassed when running
(77th Street
(68th Street–Hunter College)
59th Street
 5 
Local section;
bypassed when running
(51st Street)
Grand Central–42nd Street
 5 
Local section;
bypassed when running
(33rd Street)
(28th Street Handicapped/disabled access southbound only)
(23rd Street)
(18th Street) (closed)
14th Street–Union Square
 5 
Local section;
bypassed when running
(Astor Place)
(Bleecker Street)
(Spring Street)
(Canal Street)
(Worth Street) (closed)
( 6   <6>  Up arrow)
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall
Fulton Street
Wall Street
 5  Up arrow
Bowling Green
Manhattan
Brooklyn
 2   3  trains via Bway–7 Av Line
Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access
northbound only
for  4   5  services
 5 
Local section;
bypassed when running
(Hoyt Street)
Nevins Street
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Bergen Street
Grand Army Plaza
Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum
Franklin Avenue
President Street
Sterling Street
Winthrop Street
Church Avenue
Beverly Road
Newkirk Avenue
 2   5  Up arrow
Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston Avenue
 4   5  Up arrow
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue
Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road
Saratoga Avenue
Rockaway Avenue
Junius Street
Pennsylvania Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue
 2   3   4   5  Up arrow
New Lots Avenue

Lines used by the  5 
Other services sharing tracks with the  5 
Lines/connections and service patterns no longer in use

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored apple green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[1]

Weekday rush hour and midday 5 service operates between Dyre Avenue in Eastchester, Bronx and Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Midwood, Brooklyn, making local stops in the Bronx and express stops in Manhattan and Brooklyn. It also runs express in the Bronx between East 180th Street and Third Avenue–149th Street in the peak direction during rush hours, with alternating trains originating and terminating at Nereid Avenue in Wakefield, Bronx. The 5 short turns at Bowling Green in Financial District, Manhattan during weekday evenings and at East 180th Street during weekday late nights and do not continue southward to Brooklyn. Limited rush hour service also terminates at Wakefield–241st Street[a] instead of Dyre Avenue in the Bronx, and also originate or terminate either at Utica[b] or New Lots Avenues[c] instead of Flatbush Avenue in Brooklyn.

Weekend service (from 11:45 p.m. Friday evening to 5 a.m. Monday morning) operates between 241st Street in the Bronx and Flatbush Avenue in Brooklyn as a replacement for the 2, making local stops in the Bronx and Brooklyn (except for the Hoyt Street station, which is closed during this time period) and express stops in Manhattan.

Service history[edit]

The section from East 180th Street to Dyre Avenue was once part of the mainline of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, a standard gauge electric commuter railroad built by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. Upon its closure in 1937, the entire property was put up for sale.

NYCS-bull-trans-5d.svg
Rush hour service, designated with a diamond bullet until May 27, 2005

Beginning on April 28, 1930, Saturday 5 service to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue began.

As of 1934, trains normally ran from Wakefield–241st Street or East 180th Street to Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center. During weekday rush hours and weekend afternoons they were extended to Utica Avenue.[2] Late-night service was not operated.

From July 24, 1938, to September 18, 1938, there was Sunday daytime 5 service to New Lots Avenue. Beginning on July 10, 1939, Sunday afternoon 5 service to New Lots began.[2]

On December 22, 1946, alternate Sunday morning 5 service to New Lots began.[2] However, on March 5, 1950, 5 service was cut back to Utica Avenue all day on Sundays.[2]

Starting on April 23, 1953, 5 trains began using the middle express track between East 180th Street and 149th Street weekday rush in the peak direction. Starting on October 2, 1953, the middle track was used by peak trains south of Gun Hill Road.

Beginning on May 3, 1957, limited rush hour 5 service ran to Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College replacing the 4 service. Evening, Saturday afternoon, and Sunday trains were cut back to South Ferry.

Beginning on March 1, 1960, evening trains began making all stops in Manhattan.[2] Beginning on April 8, 1960, weekday evening service was discontinued, as was weekday rush service to Flatbush Avenue.[2]

Starting on April 18, 1965, most daytime service was rerouted to Dyre Avenue, replacing Dyre Shuttle except evenings and late nights. Some weekday rush peak-direction service to 241st Street was retained, while Saturday and Sunday evening trains were cut back from 241st Street to East 180th Street. Also, Saturday morning trains were cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry.[2][3][4][5] Starting on May 3, 1965, trains to or from 241st Street began making all stops between Gun Hill Road and East 180th Street.[2]

Beginning on May 23, 1976, 5 service began starting late on Sunday mornings. As of May 24, 1976, weekday midday 5 service was cut back to Bowling Green from Atlantic Avenue.[2][6] In 1979, with the color coding of subway routes based on their trunk line in Manhattan, the 5 service's color was changed to apple green, as it goes via the Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[7][8] 5 service was re-extended May 15, 1980, to Atlantic Avenue.[2] On July 10, 1983, all rush hour service ran to Flatbush Avenue, with limited service to/from Utica or New Lots Avenue.[2] Beginning on January 18, 1988, all midday 5 service was cut back to Bowling Green, to allow 4 service to operate to Utica.[2]

In 1995, rush hour service to 241st Street was cut back to Nereid Avenue. On May 27, 2005, use of the 5 diamond to indicate peak direction service to Nereid Avenue was discontinued.

On June 29, 2009, 5 trains were extended to Flatbush Avenue during midday hours.[2][9]

From March 29 to September 3, 2010, rush hour peak direction 5 express service was suspended due to rehabilitation of East 180th Street and signal replacements along the IRT White Plains Road Line. PM northbound express service was suspended again on March 28, 2011, to allow for the second phase of the signal replacement project. This time, service was restored on August 8.

As a result of planned repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage in the Clark Street Tunnel, which carries the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, between June 2017 and June 2018, the 5 will be extended to Flatbush Avenue on weekends, running local in Brooklyn south of Nevins Street. In the Bronx, the 5 will run to 241st Street instead of Dyre Avenue in place of the 2.[10][11]

Dyre Avenue Shuttle[edit]

In 1940, the City of New York purchased the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, and began integrating the line into the system. The railroad north of the city line to White Plains and Port Chester was quickly dismantled. The section below East 180th Street to Greens Farm Junction was once used to interchange with the New Haven (and later Penn Central and Conrail) to bring subway cars and other equipment on and off the system. That section has since been removed, isolating this part of the subway from the interchange.

The East 180th Street–Dyre Avenue Shuttle or Dyre Avenue Shuttle was established as a new subway service and full-time shuttle along this section on May 15, 1941, between the former East 180th Street station of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway and Eastchester–Dyre Avenue, which was the last station on the NYW&B within New York City. Passengers had to make a walking transfer between the Dyre Avenue Line and the IRT White Plains Road Line at East 180th Street as there was no track connection between the lines.

In 1957, a flyover connection opened between the East 180th Street station of the White Plains Road Line and the Dyre Avenue Line, enabling through service by trains from the 2 route from Manhattan to Dyre Avenue. At the same time, the former NYW&B station was closed and the off-hours Dyre Avenue Shuttle rerouted to the White Plains Road Line station. These shuttles were initially labeled 2 like the full-time service but were later signed as 9, a number used decades later for skip-stop service on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The off-hours Dyre Avenue Shuttle still operates, but those trains are signed as 5, the same as the through service.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the 5, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[12]

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hours middays evenings weekday late nights weekends
IRT Dyre Avenue Line (full line) Eastchester–Dyre Avenue Morris Park all Most trains       No weekend service
IRT White Plains Road Line Wakefield–241st Street Nereid Avenue all Very limited service No service on branch No service on branch No service on branch  
Nereid Avenue Bronx Park East local Limited service
East 180th Street all        
West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue Jackson Avenue local    
express        
Third Avenue–149th Street 149th Street–Grand Concourse all      
IRT Jerome Avenue Line 138th Street–Grand Concourse local
IRT Lexington Avenue Line (full line) 125th Street Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall express
Fulton Street Bowling Green all
Joralemon Street Tunnel  
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Borough Hall Nevins Street express
Atlantic Avenue-Barclays Center Franklin Avenue express  
local      
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (full line) President Street Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College all Most trains  
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Franklin Avenue Crown Heights–Utica Avenue express Limited service No service on branch No service on branch No service on branch No service on branch
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all Very limited service

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Stops weekdays and weekday late nights
Stops weekends only Stops weekends only
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only (including limited service)
Time period details
5 service to Dyre Avenue on weekdays and weekday nights
D.
5 service to Nereid Avenue during rush hours only
N.
5 service to Wakefield-241st Street on weekends and weekend nights
W.
Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
The Bronx
Dyre Avenue Line
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights N/A N/A Eastchester–Dyre Avenue Northern terminal for weekday and weekday late night service
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Baychester Avenue
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Gun Hill Road
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Pelham Parkway Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Morris Park
White Plains Road Line
N/A Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) ↑ Stops weekends and weekend late nights Wakefield–241st Street 2 weekdays and late nights Station is served by limited northbound a.m. rush hour service that terminates here only
Northern terminal for weekend and weekend late night service
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Nereid Avenue 2 weekdays and late nights Northern terminal for most weekday rush hour peak direction trips to/from Manhattan and Brooklyn
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 233rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 weekdays and late nights Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Woodlawn
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 225th Street 2 weekdays and late nights
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 219th Street 2 weekdays and late nights
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Gun Hill Road Handicapped/disabled access 2 weekdays and late nights Bx41 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Burke Avenue 2 weekdays and late nights
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Allerton Avenue 2 weekdays and late nights
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Pelham Parkway Handicapped/disabled access 2 weekdays and late nights Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Bronx Park East 2 weekdays and late nights
Services from 241st Street and Dyre Avenue merge
White Plains Road Line
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights East 180th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times Some southbound rush hour trips begin at this station
Some northbound a.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station
Southern terminal for weekday late night service
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue 2 all times Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights 174th Street 2 all times
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights Freeman Street 2 all times
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights Simpson Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights Intervale Avenue 2 all times
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights Prospect Avenue 2 all times
Stops weekdays except rush hours in the peak direction Stops weekends and weekend late nights Jackson Avenue 2 all times
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Third Avenue–149th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times Bx41 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 149th Street–Grand Concourse 2 all times
4 all times (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
Jerome Avenue Line
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 138th Street–Grand Concourse 4 all except rush hours, peak direction
Manhattan
Lexington Avenue Line
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 86th Street 4 all times 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction M86 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 59th Street 4 all times 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
N all times R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F all times N selected rush-hour trips Q all times (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Grand Central–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights 14th Street–Union Square Elevator access to mezzanine only 4 all times 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times
2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N late nights R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Wall Street 4 all times
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Bowling Green Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard on weekends only:
1 all times 2 weekends and weekend late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at South Ferry)
N late nights R all times (BMT Broadway Line at Whitehall Street–South Ferry)
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Southern terminal for weekday evening service, as well as some rush hour service
Brooklyn
Eastern Parkway Line
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access ↑ 4 all times
2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
R all times W limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Nevins Street 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 all times
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
D all times N all times R all times W limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops weekends and weekend late nights Bergen Street 4 weekends and late nights
Stops weekends and weekend late nights Grand Army Plaza 4 weekends and late nights
Stops weekends and weekend late nights Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum 4 weekends and late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Franklin Avenue 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and late nights
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Services to Flatbush Avenue and New Lots Avenue split
Nostrand Avenue Line
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights President Street 2 weekdays and weekday late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Sterling Street 2 weekdays and weekday late nights B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Winthrop Street 2 weekdays and weekday late nights B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Church Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 weekdays and weekday late nights B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Beverly Road 2 weekdays and weekday late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Newkirk Avenue 2 weekdays and weekday late nights B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekends and weekend late nights Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College Handicapped/disabled access 2 weekdays and weekday late nights B44 Select Bus Service
Eastern Parkway Line (limited rush hour service only)
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) ↑ N/A Nostrand Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and late nights One rush-hour train to the Bronx stops here
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) ↑ Kingston Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and late nights One rush-hour train to the Bronx stops here
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Crown Heights–Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 all times B46 Select Bus Service
Southern terminal for some rush hour service
New Lots Line (limited rush hour service only)
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) N/A Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Saratoga Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Rockaway Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Junius Street 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Pennsylvania Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Van Siclen Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) New Lots Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport
Southern terminal for some northbound a.m. rush hour service

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Limited a.m. rush hour service from Manhattan terminates at Wakefield–241st Street only.
  2. ^ Limited rush hour service both originates and terminates at Crown Heights–Utica Avenue, operating between the Bronx and Brooklyn.
  3. ^ Limited a.m. rush hour service to Manhattan originates at New Lots Avenue only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  3. ^ "New Routes Scheduled for 2 IRT Lines in Bronx". New York Times. March 22, 1965. Retrieved December 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Better Subway Service for Bronx IRT Riders". Photobucket. New York City Transit Authority. April 1965. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Better Subway Service for Bronx IRT Riders". Photobucket. New York City Transit Authority. April 1965. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ "IRT BROOKLYN RUNS REDUCED IN MIDDAY". Retrieved September 4, 2016. 
  7. ^ "The 1979 Map: A work in progress". Second Ave. Sagas. January 20, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  8. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. "On the Subway, V Is for Vanished". Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  9. ^ "mta.info | Facts and Figures". web.mta.info. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 12, 2016. pp. PDF–169 to PDF–175. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]