5th century in Ireland

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5th century[edit]

405
  • Possible year of death of Niall Noígíallach. The Annals of the Four Masters dates his accession to 378 and death to 405.[1] The chronology of Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn broadly agrees, dating his reign from 368-395, and associating his raiding activities in Britain with the kidnapping of Saint Patrick.[2] However, the traditional roll of kings and its chronology is now recognised as artificial. The High Kingship did not become a reality until the 9th century, and Niall's legendary status has been inflated in line with the political importance of the dynasty he founded. Based on Uí Néill genealogies and the dates given for his supposed sons and grandsons, modern historians believe he is likely to have lived some 50 years later than the traditional dates, dying circa 450.[3]
410

430s[edit]

431
432
435 or 436

440s[edit]

440
444
445
446
447

450s[edit]

450
  • Probable date of fall of Ulaid over-kingdom
  • Approximate date of the foundation by St Macculin of a monastery at Lusk
  • Death of Niall Noígíallach (see the entry for 405 for more on this)
451
453
454
456
  • Suggested date - 5 April - for arrival of St. Patrick in Ireland (but see also 432)
457
459

460s[edit]

461 or 462
464
465
467
468
  • Battle of Bri Ele
469

470s[edit]

470
  • First Battle of Dumha Aichir
476

480s[edit]

480
481
482
483
484
  • Probable year of birth of Saint Brendan "the Navigator"
485
485 or 486
486
487
  • Death of Bishop Mel of Ardagh, 6 February
489

490s[edit]

490
492
493
  • The battle of Sruth
  • The second battle of Granairet
  • 17 March: traditional date for the death of St. Patrick (also entered in Annals of Ulster under A.D. 492). Cath Corp Naomh Padraigh ("Battle for the Body of St. Patrick" fought for possession of his body)
494
  • Battle of Ceann Ailbhe
495
496
497
498
499

500[edit]

500
  • Composition of archaic Leinster genealogical poems by Laidcenn mac Bairchedo and others
  • Archaic Old Irish period (to c. AD 700)
  • Warfare continues in Leinster between its kings and the Connachta

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annals of the Four Masters M378-405
  2. ^ Geoffrey Keating, Foras Feasa ar Éirinn 1.48, 1.49, 1.50, 51, 52
  3. ^ Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, Second Edition, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2001, Chapter 5
  4. ^ The Concise History of Ireland. Duffy, S. Gill & Macmillan, Dublin. 2005
  5. ^ Moody, TW; Martin, FX, eds. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 45. 
  6. ^ all dates per The Chronology of the Irish Annals, Daniel P. McCarthy
  7. ^ Francis J.Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, Table 8