60 State Street
|60 State Street|
|Location||60 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts|
|Roof||509 ft (155 m)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Skidmore, Owings & Merrill|
|Developer||Equity Office Properties Trust|
60 State Street is a modern skyscraper on historic State Street in the Government Center neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. Completed in 1977, it is Boston's 14th tallest building, standing 509 feet (155 m) tall, and housing 38 floors .
Sixty State Street marks the site of one of two colonial taverns named the Great Britain Coffee-House, where Queen Street (now Court Street) ended and King Street (now State Street) began. This Great Britain Coffee-House, established in 1713, advertised "superfine bohea, and green tea, chocolate, coffee-powder, etc."
In 1838, Thatcher Magoun Sr., a ship designer, builder and merchant who ran a shipbuilding facility in Medford, established Thatcher Magoun & Son, a counting-house, on the 60 State Street site to manage his business revenue, bookkeeping and correspondence. This helped to establish State Street as one of Boston's financial centers, hence initiate the city's Financial District. His son and grandson, Thatcher Magoun Jr. and Thatcher Magoun III, kept the firm going in the maritime trade until the late 1870s. An abstract from the firm's records reads:
- Correspondence and business records including bills of lading, receipts, outfitting accounts, and crew lists, relating to the ships ARCHIMEDES, DEUCALION, ELECTRIC SPARK, GREENWICH, HERALD OF THE MORNING, MANLIUS, MEDFORD, PHARSALIA, SWALLOW, TALMA, THATCHER MAGOUN, TIMOLEON, and WITCHCRAFT, built in Magoun's yard in Medford, Mass., and engaged in trade between Boston, New York, San Francisco and foreign ports including Liverpool, Elsinore, Havana, and Hong Kong; and materials not specifically related to Thatcher Magoun & Son business enterprises: i.e. the records of B. Delano and Sons, a mercantile firm at Kingston, Mass., business papers of Daniel Tufts, and estate papers of James Nielson (managed by Thatcher Magoun). Includes correspondence with various shipmasters.
Upon Magoun Sr.'s death at 81 in 1856, the Thatcher Magoun, a clipper ship built by Hayden & Cudworth in Medford for Thatcher Magoun & Sons, was named and launched in his memory. Author Hall Gleason described the clipper as follows: "Her figurehead was a life-like image of the father of ship building on the Mystic... She made five passages from Boston to S.F., the fastest being 113 days and the slowest 152 days; seven from N.Y. to S.F., fastest 117 and slowest 149; two from Liverpool in 150 and 115 days. The average of the fourteen is 128.7 days. S.F. to NY. in 96 days in 1869."
Design and features
Designed by the Chicago-based firm of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and developed by Cabot, Cabot & Forbes, 60 State Street is clad in pink granite to blend with the red brick of Faneuil Hall, City Hall Plaza and other neighboring buildings and spaces. The granite-clad triangular pillars alternate with vertical banks of rectangular floor-to-ceiling windows in a pattern similar to that of Eero Saarinen's black granite-faced CBS Building, a.k.a. "Black Rock," in New York City.
Also like Black Rock, 60 State Street is surrounded by a pedestrian plaza. Only this time the plaza is raised rather than sunken and is accessible at street level from State Street and by two flights of stairs from Faneuil Hall Marketplace.
Unlike Black Rock's rectangular solid composition, 60 State Street was given eleven sides and a two-part scheme so that it has the appearance of side-by-side octagonal tubes from a distance. The chamfered corner pillars are similarly octagonal. This theme recalls Boston's historic architectural vernacular of chamfered bay windows on Beacon Hill and in the Back Bay.
Venues and tenants
The main office of a major international law firm, WilmerHale, is located at 60 State Street.
The building is shared with Good Measures and is the corporate headquarters for the company. The building also served as the corporate headquarters of the Sheraton Hotel group from 1978 until they were acquired by Starwood Hotels and Resorts in 1998.
The State Room is located in the building's elegant space on the 33rd floor, the site of the former Bay Tower Room restaurant. The State Room run by Longwood Events hosts private functions (such as weddings, corporate events) and offers panoramic views of Boston Harbor, the Financial District, Boston Common, the Massachusetts State House, the Charles River and the Mystic River. In 2009, the American Idol Preliminary round for Boston was held here.
A Hillstone restaurant and bar is under the building's plaza behind a sunken forecourt, facing Faneuil Hall.
- Drake, Samuel Adams. Old Boston Taverns and Tavern Clubs. Boston: W.A. Butterfield, 1917, p. 63.
- Gleason, Hall (1937). Old Ships and Ship-Building Days of Medford. Medford, MA: J.C. Miller. p. 78.
- Goldberger, Paul. The City Observed: New York: A Guide to the Architecture of Manhattan. New York: Vintage Books, 1979, p. 174-175.
- Lyndon, Donlyn. The City Observed: Boston: A Guide to the Architecture of the Hub. New York: Vintage Books, 1982, p. 269-270.