60th Fighter Squadron
|60th Fighter Squadron|
|Active||1941–1945; 1946–1971; 1971–2009; 2021-present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Combat Command|
|Daniel James, Jr.|
|60th Fighter Squadron emblem[note 1]|
|60th Fighter Squadron emblem[note 2]|
The 60th Fighter Squadron is a United States Air Force unit that is part of the 33d Fighter Wing at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida; It is tasked with training pilots on the Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II.
World War II
Activated in 1940 at Mitchel Field, New York as the 60th Pursuit Squadron, the unit was assigned to the 33d Pursuit Group on 15 January 1941. Redesignated as the 60th Fighter Squadron "Fighting Crows" on 15 May 1942, the unit was responsible for the continual mission of air defense of the United States until October 1942. In late 1942, the 60th joined the United States' effort in World War II by participating in combat operations in the Mediterranean Theater and the China-Burma-India Theater. As a result of superior performance in central Tunisia, the 60th earned the Distinguished Unit Citation for combat operations on 15 January 1944. Following its service in World War II, the 60th was assigned to the 33d Fighter Group at Neubiberg Air Base, Germany in August 1946 and flew the North American P-51 Mustang.
Air Defense Command
In 1947, the 60th transferred to Roswell Army Air Field, New Mexico and soon afterward, in June 1948, converted to the Republic F-84 Thunderjet. In November 1948, the 60th transferred to Otis Air Force Base, Massachusetts and by June of the following year had completed a conversion to the new North American F-86 Sabre. On 9 August 1950, the 60th moved to Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts and on 1 January 1951 became part of the Air Defense Command. From 1952-1959, the 60th, flying the F-86 Sabre and the Lockheed F-94 Starfire, was assigned to various organizations including the 4707th Defense Wing, 4735th Air Defense Group and the Boston Air Defense Sector.
On 5 January 1959, the 60th was the first Air Defense Command squadron to receive the new McDonnell F-101B Voodoo interceptor. The unit was additionally tasked as part of the joint test force (teamed with members at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida) to test the F-101's operational capabilities prior to its entrance into active service. The F-101B proved to be a quite successful interceptor. assigned alongside the F-101B interceptor was the F-101F operational and conversion trainer. The two-seat trainer version was equipped with dual controls, but carried the same armament as the F-101B and were fully combat-capable.
During the 1960s, the 60th participated in various tests, exercises, and operations in the Air Defense Command. In October and November 1962, the unit was placed on alert during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and several planes with weapons and support crews were deployed to support potential combat needs. Planes remaining at Otis continued to perform the Air Defense Command continental air defense mission. Although it has been stated that F-101B Voodoos from the 60th were used in the production of the 1966 comedy The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, the film, although set in New England, was actually shot on the West Coast for financial reasons and the fighters were from the 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, based at Hamilton Air Force Base, California. The 60th inactivated on 30 April 1971.
Tactical Air Command
In September 1971, the squadron was reactivated at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida as the 60th Tactical Fighter Squadron of the 33d Tactical Fighter Wing, flying the McDonnell F-4E Phantom II until transitioning to the McDonnell Douglas F-15A Eagle in the late 1970s. In 1979, the unit participated in the "Kadena Ready Eagle" program in which the members of the 60th trained new F-15 pilots stationed at Kadena Air Base, Japan.
The 60th made its first combat deployment since World War II when it sent ten F-15s to Grenada in support of Operation Urgent Fury, the rescue of American medical students held in Grenada in the mid-1980s. The unit continued to train and until it was called upon to fly support missions for Operation Just Cause (the removal of Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega from Panama in the early 1990s).
Air Combat Command
The 60th Fighter Squadron flew the F-15 Eagle and supported the various combatant commanders by providing air superiority on call. The squadron also participated in Operation Noble Eagle following 9/11. It flew its last F-15 mission on 5 December 2008. The squadron was inactivated on 1 January 2009.
Air Education and Training Command
- Constituted as the 60th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
- Activated on 15 January 1941
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine on 8 February 1945
- Inactivated on 8 December 1945
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 17 July 1946
- Activated on 20 August 1946
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron, Jet on 14 June 1948
- Redesignated 60th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 January 1950
- Inactivated on 30 April 1971
- Redesignated 60th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 18 May 1971
- Activated on 1 September 1971
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991
- Inactivated on 1 January 2009
- Activated on 20 August 2021
- 33d Pursuit Group (later 33d Fighter Group), 15 January 1941 – 8 December 1945
- 33d Fighter Group (later 33d Fighter-Interceptor Group), 20 August 1946
- 4707th Defense Wing (later 4707th Air Defense Wing), 6 February 1952
- 33d Fighter Group, 18 August 1955
- 4735th Air Defense Group, 18 August 1957
- Boston Air Defense Sector, 1 August 1959
- 35th Air Division, 1 April 1966
- 21st Air Division, 19 November 1969 – 30 April 1971
- 33d Tactical Fighter Wing (later 33d Fighter) Wing), 1 September 1971
- 33d Operations Group, 1 December 1991 – 1 January 2009
- 33d operations Group, 20 August 2021 - present
- Bell P-39 Airacobra (1941)
- Curtiss P-40 Warhawk (1941–1944)
- Republic P-47 Thunderbolt (1944–1945)
- Lockheed P-38 Lightning (1945)
- North American P-51 Mustang (1946–1949)
- Republic F-84 Thunderjet (1948–1950)
- North American F-86A Sabre, (1951)
- North American F-86E Sabre, (1951-1953)
- North American F-86D Sabre (1953–1955)
- Lockheed F-94C Starfire (1955–1959)
- McDonnell F-101B Voodoo (1959–1971)
- McDonnell F-4E Phantom II (1971-1979)
- McDonnel Douglas F-15A/B/C/D Eagle (1979–2009)
- Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II
- Explanatory notes
- Approved c. September 1986. A revised emblem is pending. Musser.
- Approved 15 March 1942.
- Aircraft is North American F-86A-5-NA Sabre, serial 49-1143.
- Aircraft is McDonnell F-101B-MC VooDoo, serial 57-376, circa 1960.
- Musser, James (7 October 2021). "60 Fighter Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
- Endicott, p. 611
- Mauer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 235-236
- Staff writer, no byline (5 December 2008). "Fact Sheets: 60th Fighter Squadron". 33rd Fighter Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Overview for The Russians are Coming, the Russians are coming". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: 1 January 2009
- Staff writer, no byline (20 August 2021). "33rd Fighter Wing reactivates 60th Fighter Squadron". 33d Fighter Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor. Aerospace Defense Command. 21 (1): 5–11, 26–31, 40–45, 54–59. January 1979.