60th New York State Legislature
|60th New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||January 1 – December 31, 1837|
|President||Lt. Gov. John Tracy (D)|
|Party control||Democratic (27-5)|
|Speaker||Edward Livingston (D)|
|Party control||Democratic (94-34)|
The 60th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to May 16, 1837, during the fifth year of William L. Marcy's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.
On May 23, 1836, the Legislature re-apportioned the Senate and Assembly districts, according to the State census of 1835. Queens and Suffolk counties were transferred from the First to the Second District; Delaware County from the Second to the Third; Herkimer County from the Fifth to the Fourth; Otsego from the Sixth to the Fifth; Allegany, Cattaraugus and Livingston counties from the Eighth to the Sixth; and Cortland County from the Sixth to the Seventh. The total number of assemblymen remained 128. The new county of Chemung was apportioned one seat. Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Kings, Niagara, Oswego and Steuben counties gained one seat each; New York County gained two; and Cayuga, Dutchess, Herkimer, Oneida, Otsego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Seneca, Tioga, Tompkins, Washington and Westchester counties lost one seat each.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Whig Party. In New York City, a radical faction of the Democratic Party organized as the Equal Rights Party, and became known as the Locofocos.
The Democratic state convention met on September 14 at Herkimer and nominated Gov. William L. Marcy and Lt. Gov. John Tracy for re-election; and an electoral ticket pledged to Martin Van Buren for President and Richard M. Johnson for Vice President.
The Equal Rights state convention met on September 15 at Utica, and nominated Isaac S. Smith for Governor; and Moses Jaques for Lieutenant Governor. In New York City, they nominated Frederick A. Tallmadge for the State Senate; and a full ticket for the Assembly, among them Clinton Roosevelt and Robert Townsend Jr.. Tallmadge, Roosevelt and Townsend were then endorsed by the Whigs, and elected.
The State election was held from November 7 to 9, 1836. Gov. William L. Marcy and Lt. Gov. John Tracy were re-elected to a third term. Also, the Democratic electoral ticket won; the 42 New York votes were cast for Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson. In New York City, the combined vote of the Whigs and Locofocos upset the Tammany Hall political machine, electing the State Senator of the First District, and 7 of 13 assemblymen.
|First||Morgan L. Smith||18,992||Frederick A. Tallmadge||20,173|
|Second||Henry H. Van Dyck||20,824||Stephen W. Fullerton||12,040|
|Third||Alonzo C. Paige||23,243||Elisha Jenkins||16,812|
|Noadiah Johnson||23,218||Amos Briggs||15,805|
|Fourth||Samuel Young||23,575||Gerrit Wendell||14,707|
|John McLean||20,616||Anthony C. Brown||14,251|
|Fifth||David Wager||17,851||Samuel Comstock||17,241|
|Sixth||Daniel S. Dickinson||21,497||Peter Robinson||17,813|
|Seventh||Samuel L. Edwards||20,316||James R. Lawrence||17,227|
|Eighth||Alexis Ward||15,894||Samuel Works||22,346|
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1837; and adjourned on May 16.
Upon taking their seats in the Senate, Johnson and Paige (3rd D.), and McLean and Young (4th D.), drew lots to decide which one of the two senators elected in each district would serve the short term, and which one the full term. Paige and McLean drew the short term, and Johnson and Young the full term.
On February 6, State Treasurer Abraham Keyser was re-elected.
Near the end of the session, the Panic of 1837 erupted.
- The First District (4 seats) consisted of Kings, New York and Richmond counties.
- The Second District (4 seats) consisted of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Rockland, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester counties.
- The Third District (4 seats) consisted of Albany, Columbia, Delaware, Greene, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Schoharie counties.
- The Fourth District (4 seats) consisted of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Herkimer, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren and Washington counties.
- The Fifth District (4 seats) consisted of Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Oswego and Otsego counties.
- The Sixth District (4 seats) consisted of Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chemung, Chenango, Livingston, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins counties.
- The Seventh District (4 seats) consisted of Cayuga, Cortland, Onondaga, Ontario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates counties.
- The Eighth District (4 seats) consisted of Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Monroe, Niagara and Orleans counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
Senators who resided in counties which were transferred to a different district continued to represent the district in which they were elected.
|First||Charles L. Livingston*||1 year||Democrat|
|Coe S. Downing*||2 years||Democrat|
|Henry Floyd-Jones*||3 years||Democrat||resided in Queens Co., elected in the old 1st D.|
|Frederick A. Tallmadge||4 years||Locofoco/Whig|
|Second||Leonard Maison*||1 year||Democrat|
|John P. Jones*||2 years||Democrat|
|John Hunter*||3 years||Democrat|
|Henry H. Van Dyck||4 years||Democrat|
|Third||Alonzo C. Paige||1 year||Democrat||elected to fill vacancy, in place of John C. Kemble;
also Reporter of the New York Court of Chancery
|Abraham L. Lawyer*||2 years||Democrat|
|James Powers*||3 years||Democrat|
|Noadiah Johnson||4 years||Democrat|
|Fourth||John McLean||1 year||Democrat||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Isaac W. Bishop;
also First Judge of the Washington County Court
|Jabez Willes*||2 years||Democrat|
|David Spraker*||3 years||Democrat|
|Samuel Young*||4 years||Democrat||also a Canal Commissioner and First Judge of the Saratoga Co. Court|
|Fifth||Francis Seger*||1 year||Democrat|
|Abijah Beckwith*||2 years||Democrat||resided in Herkimer Co., elected in the old 5th D.|
|Micah Sterling*||3 years||Democrat|
|David Wager*||4 years||Democrat|
|Sixth||Ebenezer Mack*||1 year||Democrat|
|Levi Beardsley*||2 years||Democrat||resided in Otsego Co., elected in the old 6th D.|
|George Huntington*||3 years||Democrat|
|Daniel S. Dickinson||4 years||Democrat|
|Seventh||Thomas Armstrong*||1 year||Democrat|
|Chester Loomis*||2 years||Democrat||also Postmaster of Rushville|
|John Beardsley*||3 years||Democrat|
|Samuel L. Edwards*||4 years||Democrat|
|Eighth||Albert H. Tracy*||1 year||Whig|
|Isaac Lacey*||2 years||Whig|
|Chauncey J. Fox*||3 years||Whig||resided in Cattaraugus Co., elected in the old 8th D.|
|Samuel Works||4 years||Whig|
- Clerk: John F. Bacon
- Albany County (3 seats)
- Allegany County (2 seats)
- Broome County (1 seat)
- Cattaraugus County (2 seats)
- Cayuga County (3 seats)
- Chautauqua County (3 seats)
- Chemung County (1 seat)
- Chenango County (3 seats)
- Clinton County (1 seat)
- Columbia County (3 seats)
- Cortland County (2 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (3 seats)
- Erie County (3 seats)
- Essex County (1 seat)
- Franklin County (1 seat)
- Genesee County (4 seats)
- Greene County (2 seats)
- Hamilton and Montgomery counties (3 seats)
- Herkimer County (2 seats)
- Jefferson County (3 seats)
- Kings County (2 seats)
- Lewis County (1 seat)
- Livingston County (2 seats)
- Madison County (3 seats)
- Monroe County (3 seats)
- The City and County of New York (13 seats)
- Niagara County (2 seats)
- Oneida County (4 seats)
- Onondaga County (4 seats)
- Ontario County (3 seats)
- Orange County (3 seats)
- Orleans County (1 seat)
- Oswego County (2 seats)
- Otsego County (3 seats)
- Putnam County (1 seat)
- Queens County (1 seat)
- Rensselaer County (3 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Rockland County (1 seat)
- St. Lawrence County (2 seats)
- Saratoga County (2 seats)
- Schenectady County (1 seat)
- Schoharie County (2 seats)
- Seneca County (1 seat)
- Steuben County (3 seats)
- Suffolk County (2 seats)
- Sullivan County (1 seat)
- Tioga County (1 seat)
- Tompkins County (2 seats)
- Ulster County (2 seats)
- Warren County (1 seat)
- Washington (2 seats)
- Wayne County (2 seats)
- Westchester County (2 seats)
- Yates County (1 seat)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
- Clerk: Philip Reynolds Jr.
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Alden S. Stevens
- Doorkeeper: William H. Powell
- Assistant Doorkeeper: James Halliday Jr.
- see Laws of the State of New York (59th Session) (1836; Chapter 436, pg. 653ff)
- Young had resigned his seat on May 23, 1836, and did not sit in the subsequent session of the Court for the Correction of Errors, but was elected at the next election to succeed himself.
- see Journal of the Senate (60th Session) (1837; pg. 4)
- see Journal of the Assembly (60th Session) (1837; pg. 229f and 243f)
- see The Whig Almanac for 1838 (pg. 26)
- see Niles' Weekly Register (issue of November 13, 1836; pg. 177)
- see A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1871; pg. 118f)
- see A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1871; pg. 117)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [pg. 109 and 441 for Senate districts; pg. 131 for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 219f for assemblymen]
- The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 2, Phinney & Co., Buffalo, 1850; pg. 462 to 479)