60th Street Tunnel Connection

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60th Street Tunnel Connection
Route map
Queens Plaza
Queensboro Plaza
Court Square – 23rd Street
Track map
Legend
other lines (elevated/underground)

The 60th Street Tunnel Connection[1][2] or 11th Street Cut[3] is a short rapid transit line of the New York City Subway connecting the BMT 60th Street Tunnel under the East River (which connects to the BMT Broadway Line) with the IND Queens Boulevard Line west of Queens Plaza in Long Island City, Queens, New York City, United States. The 11th Street Connection name comes from the street above the split from the 60th Street Tunnel. The line does not have any stations, and carries R trains at all times but late nights.

The connection opened on December 1, 1955,[4] and permitted BMT trains from Brooklyn to use the IND Queens Boulevard Line; the first service to do so was the Brighton Beach Local via Tunnel (1, now Q).[5] This connection allowed for an increase of 20 trains per hour on Queens Boulevard.[6] Unlike the later Chrystie Street Connection, this was of the nature of a trackage rights operation, without the mixing of BMT and IND equipment or crews, as opposed to a true operating integration.

Service history[edit]

The first service to use the connection was the daytime 1 local via Montague Street Tunnel, which became the QT in the early 1960s. The QT was rerouted to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard on January 1, 1961, and the RR was sent through the connection during daytime hours. The EE was created on November 26, 1967, when the Chrystie Street Connection opened and the RR moved back to Astoria. On August 27, 1976, the N was extended through the connection, absorbing the EE; this change sent late night and weekend trains through the tunnel for the first time. The N and R were swapped in Queens on May 24, 1987, taking the R through the connection in a move that reassigned a former BMT route (the R) to the IND's Jamaica Yard (it had heretofore used the Coney Island Yard).[7] Late night service was later truncated to 36th Street in Brooklyn,[8] then later extended to Whitehall Street in Manhattan.[9] The connection is not being used during late nights as of November 2016.[10]

Routing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Notes
begins as a split from the IND Queens Boulevard Line local tracks south of Queens Plaza
(no stations) local R all except late nights December 1, 1955
merges with the BMT Astoria Line (N all timesW weekdays only) south of Queensboro Plaza
and enters the 60th Street Tunnel as the BMT Broadway Line local tracks

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York City Transit Authority, Rapid Transit Construction Program, Map, File No. 72, Dwg. No. 699, dated June 14, 1954
  2. ^ Bennett, Charles G. (October 13, 1952). "Tunnel in Queens to Speed Transit". The New York Times. p. 23. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  3. ^ Gene Sansone, New York Subways: An Illustrated History of New York City's Transit Cars, ISBN 0-8018-6886-6, pp. 184 and 292
  4. ^ Cunningham, Joseph; DeHart, Leonard O. (1993-01-01). A History of the New York City Subway System. J. Schmidt, R. Giglio, and K. Lang. 
  5. ^ "Straphangers Sit As Tunnel Opens". The New York Times. December 2, 1955. p. 29. Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  6. ^ Proceedings. New York (N Y. ) Board of Transportation. 1948. p. 1198. 
  7. ^ New York City Transit Authority. "Announcing Service Changes on the N and R Routes Advertising Supplement to The New York Times, The New York Daily News, and Newsday, © 1987 New York City Transit Authority". Subway Nut. 
  8. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.