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Millennium: 1st millennium
610 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 610
Ab urbe condita 1363
Armenian calendar 59
Assyrian calendar 5360
Balinese saka calendar 531–532
Bengali calendar 17
Berber calendar 1560
Buddhist calendar 1154
Burmese calendar −28
Byzantine calendar 6118–6119
Chinese calendar 己巳(Earth Snake)
3306 or 3246
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3307 or 3247
Coptic calendar 326–327
Discordian calendar 1776
Ethiopian calendar 602–603
Hebrew calendar 4370–4371
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 666–667
 - Shaka Samvat 531–532
 - Kali Yuga 3710–3711
Holocene calendar 10610
Iranian calendar 12 BP – 11 BP
Islamic calendar 12 BH – 11 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Javanese calendar 499–501
Julian calendar 610
Korean calendar 2943
Minguo calendar 1302 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −858
Seleucid era 921/922 AG
Thai solar calendar 1152–1153
Tibetan calendar 阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
736 or 355 or −417
    — to —
(male Iron-Horse)
737 or 356 or −416
Emperor Heraclius (610–641)

Year 610 (DCX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 610 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • October 4Heraclius arrives with a fleet from Africa at Constantinople. Assisted by an uprising in the capital, he overthrows and personally beheads Emperor Phocas. Heraclius gains the throne with help from his father Heraclius the Elder. His first major act is to change the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire from Latin to Greek (already the language of the vast majority of the population). Because of this, after AD 610, the Empire is customarily referred to as the Byzantine Empire (the term Byzantine is a modern term invented by historians in the 18th century; the people of the Empire itself always referred to themselves as "Ρωμαῖος" — tr. Rōmaios, Roman).



By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]

  • Paper technology is imported into Japan from China by the Korean Buddhist priest, Dam Jing (approximate date).





  1. ^ Thomas Hodgkin, Italy and Her Invaders' (vol. 5), p. 160
  2. ^ Isidore, chapter 58; translated by Guido Donini and Gordon B. Ford, p. 27
  3. ^ Essential Histories: The Great Islamic Conquests AD 632–750 (2009), David Nicolle, p. 22. ISBN 978-1-84603-273-8
  4. ^ Brooks "Mellitus (d. 624)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  5. ^ Edmonds, Columba (1908) "St. Columbanus". The Catholic Encyclopedia 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 15 January 2013