616 (number)

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← 615 616 617 →
Cardinal six hundred sixteen
Ordinal 616th
(six hundred and sixteenth)
Factorization 23× 7 × 11
Roman numeral DCXVI
Binary 10011010002
Ternary 2112113
Quaternary 212204
Quinary 44315
Senary 25046
Octal 11508
Duodecimal 43412
Hexadecimal 26816
Vigesimal 1AG20
Base 36 H436

616 is the natural number following 615 and preceding 617.

While 666 is called the "number of the beast" in most manuscripts of Revelation 13:18,[1] a fragment of papyrus 115 gives the number as 616.[2]

In mathematics[edit]

616 is a member of the Padovan sequence, coming after 265, 351, 465 (it is the sum of the first two of these).[3] 616 is a polygonal number in four different ways: it is a heptagonal number, as well as 13-, 31- and 104-gonal.

It is also the sum of the squares of the factorials of 2,3,4. i.e. (2!)^2 + (3!)^2 + (4!)^2 = 4+36+576=616.

The Number of the Beast[edit]

Main article: Number of the Beast

666 is generally believed to have been the original Number of the Beast in the Book of Revelation in the Christian Bible.[4] In 2005, however, a fragment of papyrus 115 was revealed, containing the earliest known version of that part of the Book of Revelation discussing the Number of the Beast. It gave the number as 616, suggesting that this may have been the original.[5] One possible explanation for the two different numbers is that they reflect two different spellings of Emperor Nero/Neron's name, for which (according to this theory) this number is believed to be a code.[6][7]

In other fields[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “…a copyist may have intentionally changed the number to 616 under influence from the Latin form of the name Nero, which, transcribed into Hebrew characters…, produces 616.” (Beale 1999, p. 718)
  2. ^ The Other Number of the Beast
  3. ^ "Sloane's A000931 : Padovan sequence". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-02. 
  4. ^ Papyrus Reveals New Clues to Ancient World
  5. ^ The Other Number of the Beast
  6. ^ Prof Dale Martin's Lecture 23 - "Apocalyptic and Resistance" (from "Introduction to the New Testament History and Literature", RLST 152)
  7. ^ 666 - professors explain Roulette and Nero in detail; numberphile.com