620s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 6th century7th century8th century
Decades: 590s 600s 610s620s630s 640s 650s
Years: 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of events occurring in the 620s, ordered by year.

620[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Britain[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

621[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Technology[edit]

  • The Chinese establish an imperial bureau for the manufacture of porcelain. Their technology will advance further under the Tang Dynasty (approximate date).

622[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • June 12 – The Islamic prophet Muhammad, after being warned of a plot to assassinate him, secretly leaves his home in Mecca to emigrate to Yathrib (later renamed by him to Medina) along with his companion Abu Bakr. They take refuge in the Cave of Thawr south of Mecca for three days.
  • June 24 – Muhammad does not enter Yathrib directly, but stops at its outlying environs of Quba. He establishes the Quba Mosque there, the first mosque of Islam. On June 28, he makes his first visit to Yathrib for Friday prayers.
  • July 13 – After a fourteen days' stay in Quba, Muhammad finally moves from Quba to Yathrib, and is greeted cordially by its people. There he drafts the Constitution of Medina, which constitutes an agreement between the various Muslim, Jewish, Christian, and pagan tribal communities in the city, and forms the basis of a multi-religious Islamic state. Later during the caliphate of Umar in 638, the lunar year during which the emigration to Medina occurred (Friday, 16 July 622 – 4 July 623) was designated "Year One" of the new Anno Hegirae (AH).[5]
  • Xuanzang is fully ordained as a Buddhist monk at the age of 20.[6]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

623[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Art[edit]

Religion[edit]


624[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

Britain[edit]

Arabia[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

625[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Britain[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

626[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

Britain[edit]

Persia[edit]

  • Summer – King Khosrau II plans an all-out effort against Constantinople. He returns to Anatolia with two armies — of unknown size, presumably more than 50,000 men each. One of these (possibly commanded by Khosrau himself) is to contain Heraclius in Pontus; another under Shahin Vahmanzadegan is defeated by Theodore.

Asia[edit]

627[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Britain[edit]

Arabia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Education[edit]

628[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • Spring – Byzantine–Sassanid War: Emperor Heraclius issues an ultimatum for peace to king Khosrau II, but he refuses his generous terms. The war-weary Persians revolt against Khosrau's regime at Ctesiphon and install his son Kavadh II to the throne. He puts his father to death and begins negotiations with Heraclius. Kavadh is forced to return all the territories conquered during the war. The Persians must give up all of the trophies they have captured, including the relic of the True Cross. Evidently there is also a large financial indemnity. Having accepted a peace agreement on his own terms, Heraclius returns in triumph to Constantinople.[31]
  • Third Perso-Turkic War: The Western Göktürks under their leader Tong Yabghu Qaghan plunder Tbilisi (modern Georgia). The Persian defenders are executed or mutilated, Tong Yabghu appoints governors (tuduns) to manage various tribes under his overlordship.[32]

Britain[edit]

Persia[edit]

Arabia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]

Education[edit]

  • The Sharia enjoins women as well as men to obtain secular and religious educations. It forbids eating pork, domesticated donkey, and other flesh denied to Jews by Mosaic law (approximate date).

Religion[edit]

  • Muhammad's letters to world leaders explain the principles of the new monotheistic Muslim faith, as they will be contained in his book, the Quran, which will instruct its readers, "Fight the unbelievers who are near to you".

629[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

Britain[edit]

Arabia[edit]

Asia[edit]

Mesoamerica[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 36. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3
  2. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 42. ISBN 978-0472-08149-3
  3. ^ Roger Collins, "Visigothic Spain 409–711", p. 76
  4. ^ Kaegi 2003, p. 116
  5. ^ F. A. Shamsi, "The Date of Hijrah", Islamic Studies 23 (1984): 189-224, 289-323.
  6. ^ Howgego, Raymond John (2003). Encyclopedia of exploration to 1800. Hordern House. p. 522. ISBN 978-1-875567-36-2. 
  7. ^ Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World. Marshall Cavendish. 2010. pp. 122–123. ISBN 978-0-7614-7929-1. 
  8. ^ DeBlasi, Anthony (2002). Reform in the balance: the defense of literary culture in mid-Tang China. SUNY Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-7914-5436-7. 
  9. ^ Holtzclaw, R. Fulton (1980). The Saints Go Marching In. Keeble Press. p. 24. 
  10. ^ Woo, X. L. (2008). "622#v=onepage&q&f=false Empress Wu the Great: Tang Dynasty China. Algora Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-87586-660-4. 
  11. ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica: Micropædia (15th ed.). 1991. p. 765. ISBN 978-0-85229-529-8. 
  12. ^ Rome at War (AD 293–696), p. 61. Michael Whitby, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-359-4
  13. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 43. ISBN 978-0472-08149-3
  14. ^ Kaegi, Walther Emil (2003), Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium, Cambridge University Press, p. 127. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  15. ^ Kaegi, Walther Emil (2003), Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium, Cambridge University Press, p. 128. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  16. ^ Kaegi, Walther Emil (2003), Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium, Cambridge University Press, p. 129. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  17. ^ Fryde, E.B. (1996), "Handbook of British Chronology" (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, p. 213. ISBN 0-521-56350-X
  18. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003), "Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium", Cambridge University Press, p. 131. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  19. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003), "Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium", Cambridge University Press, p. 132. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  20. ^ The Walls of Constantinople AD 324–1453, p. 47. Stephen Turnbull, 2004. ISBN 978-1-84176-759-8
  21. ^ Bede, H. E. Book II, chapter 9. Bede calls these two islands the Mevanian Islands
  22. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Manuscript A (ASC A), 626
  23. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003), "Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium", Cambridge University Press, p. 144. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  24. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003), "Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium", Cambridge University Press, p. 167. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  25. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003), "Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium", Cambridge University Press, p. 173. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  26. ^ Oman, Charles (1893), "Europe, 476–918", Volume 1 (p. 211)
  27. ^ Norwich, John Julius (1997), "A Short History of Byzantium", Vintage Books, p. 93. ISBN 0-679-77269-3
  28. ^ Watt, "Muhammad at Medina", p. 36
  29. ^ Bede, H.E. Volume II, chapter 14
  30. ^ "St. Columbanus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company (1913)
  31. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003), Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium, Cambridge University Press, p. 178, 189–190. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  32. ^ Christian 283; Artamanov, p. 170–180
  33. ^ The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
  34. ^ Palmer, Alan & Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 30–34. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  35. ^ Rodney Aist, "The Christian Topography of Early Islamic Jerusalem", Brepols Publishers (2009), p. 59
  36. ^ Bury 2008, p. 245