|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|627 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||627 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||127|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 38|
|- Pharaoh||Psamtik I, 38|
|Ancient Greek era||38th Olympiad, year 2|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||癸巳年 (Water Snake)|
2070 or 2010
— to —
甲午年 (Wood Horse)
2071 or 2011
|Coptic calendar||−910 – −909|
|Ethiopian calendar||−634 – −633|
|- Vikram Samvat||−570 – −569|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2474–2475|
|Iranian calendar||1248 BP – 1247 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1286 BH – 1285 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2538 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||−84 – −83|
−500 or −881 or −1653
— to —
−499 or −880 or −1652
The year 627 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 127 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 627 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Battle of Xiao, between the states of Jin and Qin in China.
- Durrës is founded in present-day Albania.
- Traditional date for the foundation of Epidamnus by Corinth.
- Ashur-etil-ilani succeeds Ashurbanipal as king of Assyria (approximate date)
- Sinsharishkun succeeds his brother Ashur-etil-ilani as king of Assyria (approximate date).
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- Ashurbanipal, Assyrian king (approximate date) (b. 685 BC)
- Ashur-etil-ilani, Assyrian king
- Cypselus, Greek tyrant of Corinth
- Kandalanu, Babylonian king
- E.J. Bickerman, Chronology of the Ancient World (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968), p. 198
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