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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||8th century BC – 7th century BC – 6th century BC|
|Decades:||670s BC 660s BC 650s BC – 640s BC – 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC|
|Years:||651 BC 650 BC 649 BC – 648 BC – 647 BC 646 BC 645 BC|
|648 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||648 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||106|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 17|
|- Pharaoh||Psamtik I, 17|
|Ancient Greek era||33rd Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Chinese calendar||壬申年 (Water Monkey)
2049 or 1989
— to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
2050 or 1990
|Coptic calendar||−931 – −930|
|Ethiopian calendar||−655 – −654|
|- Vikram Samvat||−591 – −590|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2454–2455|
|Iranian calendar||1269 BP – 1268 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1308 BH – 1307 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2559 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||−105 – −104|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 648 BC.|
- Babylon falls to Assyrian forces after a 3-year siege (see 651 BC); starved out by his half brother Ashurbanipal, king Shamash-shum-ukin commits suicide in his burning palace, allegedly having built a pyre of his concubines and royal treasure as the Assyrians slaughter his city's garrison and much of its population.
- Messenians in the Peloponnese revolt against Sparta under the leadership of king Aristomenes, beginning a struggle that will continue until 631 BC.
- April 6 - The earliest solar eclipse to be chronicled by the Greeks is observed.
- Greece's 33rd Olympiad is held at Olympia with a new event: the pankration is a no-holds-barred contest that combines boxing and wrestling.
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