65th New York State Legislature
|65th New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1842|
|President of the State Senate:||Lt. Gov. Luther Bradish (W)|
|Temporary President of the State Senate:|
|Speaker of the State Assembly:||Levi S. Chatfield (D)|
|Senate Majority:||Democratic (17-15)|
|Assembly Majority:||Democratic (95-33)|
|1st: January 4 – April 12, 1842
2nd: August 16 – September 7, 1842
The 65th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 4 to September 7, 1842, during the fourth year of William H. Seward's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.
In New York City, the "friends of civil and religious freedom, in favor of extending the benefits of a common school education to the neglected and indigent children of this city" met on October 26, 1841, at Carroll Hall, and nominated a ticket for the Senate and Assembly elections. The Carroll Hall assembly ticket was made up of 10 of the 13 Tammany Hall (Democratic) nominees and three own candidates. The spoiler effect led to the election of one Whig and one Democrat to the Senate, and of 10 Democrats and 3 Whigs to the Assembly.
The State election was held from November 1 to 3, 1841.
State Senator Henry A. Livingston (2nd D.) was defeated for re-election.
|First||Isaac L. Varian||19,811||Morris Franklin||19,675||Thomas O'Connor||2,581|
|Elijah F. Purdy||19,523||Daniel Lord Jr.||19,584||John George Gottsberger||2,423|
|Second||Abraham Bockee||23,377||Henry A. Livingston||17,194|
|Third||Erastus Corning||26,268||Killian Miller||22,008|
|Fourth||Edmund Varney||25,721||David Abel Russell||23,306|
|Fifth||William Ruger||25,738||Roswell T. Lee||20,934|
|Sixth||James Faulkner||25,450||Allen Ayrault||23,788|
|Seventh||William Bartlit||25,017||Henry Welles||23,734|
|Lyman Sherwood||25,010||Barak Niles||23,723|
|Eighth||Lyman Bates||16,861||Gideon Hard||20,907|
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 4, 1842; and adjourned on April 12.
Levi S. Chatfield (D) was elected Speaker with 93 votes against 32 for George A. Simmons (W). John O. Cole (D) was elected Clerk of the Assembly with 91 votes against 33 for the incumbent Philander B. Prindle (W).
On February 7, the Legislature elected Samuel Young (D) to fill the vacancy in the office of Secretary of State; Azariah C. Flagg (D) to succeed John A. Collier (W) as State Comptroller; Thomas Farrington (D) to succeed Jacob Haight (W) as State Treasurer; George P. Barker (D) to suucceed Willis Hall (W) as Attorney General; and Nathaniel Jones (D) to succeed Orville L. Holley as Surveyor General.
On February 8, the Legislature elected Daniel P. Bissell, Stephen Clark, Jonas Earll, Jr., Benjamin Enos, James Hooker and George W. Little to succeed George H. Boughton, Simon Newton Dexter, Henry Hamilton, David Hudson, Samuel B. Ruggles and Asa Whitney as Canal Commissioners.
On April 5, the Legislature enacted that future state elections be held on a single day, fixing the date on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November.
The Legislature met for a special session on August 16; and adjourned on September 7. This session was called to re-apportion the congressional districts. Earlier this year Congress had passed a law requiring all representatives in all States to be elected in single districts, and in New York there had been for decades several multiple-seat districts.
- The First District (4 seats) consisted of Kings, New York and Richmond counties.
- The Second District (4 seats) consisted of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Rockland, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester counties.
- The Third District (4 seats) consisted of Albany, Columbia, Delaware, Greene, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Schoharie counties.
- The Fourth District (4 seats) consisted of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren and Washington counties.
- The Fifth District (4 seats) consisted of Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Oswego and Otsego counties.
- The Sixth District (4 seats) consisted of Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chemung, Chenango, Livingston, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins counties.
- The Seventh District (4 seats) consisted of Cayuga, Cortland, Onondaga, Ontario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates counties.
- The Eighth District (4 seats) consisted of Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans and Wyoming counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|First||Gabriel Furman*||1 year||Whig|
|Morris Franklin||2 years||Whig||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Minthorne Tompkins|
|John B. Scott*||3 years||Democrat|
|Isaac L. Varian||4 years||Democrat|
|Second||Daniel Johnson*||1 year||Democrat|
|John Hunter*||2 years||Democrat|
|Robert Denniston*||3 years||Democrat|
|Abraham Bockee||4 years||Democrat|
|Third||Alonzo C. Paige*||1 year||Democrat|
|Erastus Root*||2 years||Whig|
|Henry W. Strong*||3 years||Democrat||also Recorder of Troy|
|Erastus Corning||4 years||Democrat|
|Fourth||Bethuel Peck*||1 year||Whig|
|James G. Hopkins*||2 years||Whig|
|John W. Taylor*||3 years||Whig||resigned on August 19, 1842|
|Edmund Varney||4 years||Democrat|
|Fifth||Joseph Clark*||1 year||Democrat|
|Sumner Ely*||2 years||Democrat|
|Henry A. Foster*||3 years||Democrat|
|William Ruger||4 years||Democrat|
|Sixth||Alvah Hunt*||1 year||Whig|
|Andrew B. Dickinson*||2 years||Whig|
|Nehemiah Platt*||3 years||Whig|
|James Faulkner||4 years||Democrat|
|Seventh||Robert C. Nicholas*||1 year||Whig|
|Lyman Sherwood||2 years||Democrat||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Mark H. Sibley|
|Elijah Rhoades*||3 years||Whig|
|William Bartlit||4 years||Democrat|
|Eighth||Henry Hawkins*||1 year||Whig|
|Abram Dixon*||2 years||Whig|
|Samuel Works*||3 years||Whig|
|Gideon Hard||4 years||Whig|
- Clerk: Isaac R. Elwood
- Albany County (3 seats)
- Allegany County (2 seats)
- Broome County (1 seat)
- Cattaraugus County (2 seats)
- Cayuga County (3 seats)
- Chautauqua County (3 seats)
- Chemung County (1 seat)
- Chenango County (3 seats)
- Clinton County (1 seat)
- Columbia County (3 seats)
- Cortland County (2 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (3 seats)
- Erie County (3 seats)
- Essex County (1 seat)
- Franklin County (1 seat)
- Fulton and Hamilton counties (1 seat)
- Genesee County (2 seats)
- Greene County (2 seats)
- Herkimer County (2 seats)
- Jefferson County (3 seats)
- Kings County (2 seats)
- Lewis County (1 seat)
- Livingston County (2 seats)
- Madison County (3 seats)
- Monroe County (3 seats)
- Montgomery County (2 seats)
- The City and County of New York (13 seats)
- Niagara County (2 seats)
- Oneida County (4 seats)
- Onondaga County (4 seats)
- Ontario County (3 seats)
- Orange County (3 seats)
- Orleans County (1 seat)
- Oswego County (2 seats)
- Otsego County (3 seats)
- Putnam County (1 seat)
- Queens County (1 seat)
- Rensselaer County (3 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Rockland County (1 seat)
- St. Lawrence County (2 seats)
- Saratoga County (2 seats)
- Schenectady County (1 seat)
- Schoharie County (2 seats)
- Seneca County (1 seat)
- Steuben County (3 seats)
- Suffolk County (2 seats)
- Sullivan County (1 seat)
- Tioga County (1 seat)
- Tompkins County (2 seats)
- Ulster County (2 seats)
- Warren County (1 seat)
- Washington (2 seats)
- Wayne County (2 seats)
- Westchester County (2 seats)
- Wyoming County (2 seats)
- Yates County (1 seat)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the vote on State officers on February 1, 7 and 8.
- Clerk: John O. Cole
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Abner N. Beardsley
- Doorkeeper: John W. Turner
- Assistant Doorkeepers: George Van Deusen
- Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Pliny M. Bromley, from January 8, 1842
- see: History of the Public School Society of the City of New York by William Oland Bourne (New York City, 1870; pg. 479f)
- see: Journal of the Assembly (65th Session) (1842; pg. 207f, 263ff and 276ff)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [pg. 109 and 441 for Senate districts; pg. 133 for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 225ff for assemblymen]
- Political History of the State of New York from January 1, 1841, to January 1, 1847, Vol III, including the Life of Silas Wright (Hall & Dickson, Syracuse NY, 1848; pg. 247 to 311)
- The Tribune Almanac 1838 to 1868 ("The Whig Almanac 1843"; pg. 39)