65th United States Congress

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65th United States Congress
64th ← → 66th
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1919

Senate President: Thomas R. Marshall (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (D)
House Speaker: Champ Clark (D)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic (coalition)

Sessions
Special: March 5, 1917 – March 16, 1917
1st: April 2, 1917 – October 6, 1917
2nd: December 3, 1917 – November 21, 1918
3rd: December 2, 1918 – March 3, 1919

The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1917 to March 4, 1919, during the fourth and fifth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives and Socialist Representative Meyer London.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

After war was declared, war bond posters demonized Germany

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 55 41 96 0
Begin 54 41 95 1
End 51 45 96 0
Final voting share 53.1% 46.9%
Beginning of the next congress 46 49 95 1

House of Representatives[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Progressive Socialist Prohibition Republican Farmer Labor Vacant
End of previous Congress 230 6 1 1 196 0 435 0
Begin 213 3 1 1 215 0 434 1
End 211 212 429 6
Final voting share 50.2% 0.2% 49.5% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 192 0 1 1 240 1 435 0

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

Because of the 17th Amendment, starting in 1914 U.S. Senators were directly elected instead of by the state legislatures. However, this did not affect the terms of U.S. Senators whose terms had started before that Amendment took effect.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 17
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 17
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
California
(1)
Vacant Senator elected to seat. Delayed installation as Senator to finish term as Governor of California. Hiram Johnson (R) March 16, 1917
Oregon
(2)
Harry Lane (D) Died May 23, 1917. Successor was appointed. Charles L. McNary (R) May 29, 1917
Wisconsin
(3)
Paul O. Husting (D) Died October 21, 1917. Successor was elected. Irvine Lenroot (R) April 18, 1918
Nevada
(3)
Francis G. Newlands (D) Died December 24, 1917. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Charles Henderson (D) January 12, 1918
Idaho
(3)
James H. Brady (R) Died January 13, 1918. Successor appointed and subsequently elected. John F. Nugent (D) January 22, 1918
New Jersey
(2)
William Hughes (D) Died January 30, 1918. Successor appointed and subsequently elected. David Baird Sr. (R) February 23, 1918
Louisiana
(3)
Robert F. Broussard (D) Died April 12, 1918. Successor was appointed. Walter Guion (D) April 22, 1918
Missouri
(3)
William J. Stone (D) Died April 14, 1918. Successor was appointed. Xenophon P. Wilfley (D) April 30, 1918
South Carolina
(2)
Benjamin Tillman (D) Died July 3, 1918. Successor was appointed. Christie Benet (D) July 6, 1918
New Hampshire
(3)
Jacob H. Gallinger (R) Died August 17, 1918. Successor was appointed. Irving W. Drew (R) September 2, 1918
Kentucky
(2)
Ollie M. James (D) Died August 28, 1918. Successor was appointed. George B. Martin (D) September 17, 1918
Louisiana
(3)
Walter Guion (D) Successor was elected. Edward Gay (D) November 6, 1918
Missouri
(3)
Xenophon P. Wilfley (D) Successor was elected. Selden P. Spencer (R) November 6, 1918
New Hampshire
(3)
Irving W. Drew (R) Successor was elected. George H. Moses (R) November 6, 1918
Oregon
(2)
Charles L. McNary (R) Successor was elected to finish term. Frederick W. Mulkey (R) November 6, 1918
South Carolina
(2)
Christie Benet (D) Successor was elected. William P. Pollock (D) November 6, 1918
Oregon
(2)
Frederick W. Mulkey (R) Resigned December 17, 1918 to give successor preferential seniority who was elected to next Congress. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Charles L. McNary (R) December 18, 1918

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 23
  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 12
  • contested elections: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 31
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
New York 15th Vacant Rep. Michael F. Conry died during previous congress Thomas F. Smith (D) April 12, 1917
New Hampshire 1st Cyrus A. Sulloway (R) Died March 11, 1917 Sherman E. Burroughs (R) May 29, 1917
Pennsylvania 28th Orrin D. Bleakley (R) Resigned April 3, 1917 after being convicted and fined under the Federal Corrupt Practices Act Earl H. Beshlin (D) November 6, 1917
North Dakota 1st Henry T. Helgesen (R) Died April 10, 1917 John M. Baer (R) July 20, 1917
Massachusetts 6th Augustus P. Gardner (R) Resigned May 15, 1917 to join the US Army Willfred W. Lufkin (R) November 6, 1917
Indiana 6th Daniel W. Comstock (R) Died May 19, 1917 Richard N. Elliott (R) June 29, 1917
Connecticut 4th Ebenezer J. Hill (R) Died September 27, 1917 Schuyler Merritt (R) November 6, 1917
Illinois 4th Charles Martin (D) Resigned October 28, 1917 John W. Rainey (D) April 2, 1918
Michigan 2nd Mark R. Bacon (R) Lost contested election December 13, 1917 Samuel Beakes (D) December 13, 1917
Georgia 4th William C. Adamson (D) Resigned December 18, 1917 William C. Wright (D) January 6, 1918
Ohio 14th Ellsworth R. Bathrick (D) Died December 23, 1917 Martin L. Davey (D) November 5, 1918
New York 7th John J. Fitzgerald (D) Resigned December 31, 1917 John J. Delaney (D) March 5, 1918
New York 8th Daniel J. Griffin (D) Resigned December 31, 1917 after being elected Sheriff of Kings County, New York William E. Cleary (D) March 5, 1918
New York 22nd Henry Bruckner (D) Resigned December 31, 1917 Anthony J. Griffin (D) March 5, 1918
New York 21st George M. Hulbert (D) Resigned January 1, 1918 to become Commissioner of Docks and Director of the Port of New York Jerome F. Donovan (D) March 5, 1918
New Jersey 5th John H. Capstick (R) Died March 17, 1918 William F. Birch (R) November 5, 1918
Virginia 1st William A. Jones (D) Died April 17, 1918 S. Otis Bland (D) July 2, 1918
Wisconsin 11th Irvine Lenroot (R) Resigned April 17, 1918 after being elected to the US Senate Adolphus P. Nelson (R) November 5, 1918
Wisconsin 6th James H. Davidson (R) Died August 6, 1918 Florian Lampert (R) November 5, 1918
Maryland 2nd Fred Talbott (D) Died October 5, 1918 Carville Benson (D) November 5, 1918
Missouri 10th Jacob E. Meeker (R) Died October 16, 1918 Frederick Essen (R) November 5, 1918
Illinois 17th John Allen Sterling (R) Died October 17, 1918 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Virginia 6th Carter Glass (D) Resigned December 6, 1918 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury James P. Woods (D) February 25, 1919
Pennsylvania At-large John R. K. Scott (R) Resigned January 5, 1919 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 4th Harry H. Dale (D) Resigned January 6, 1919 after being appointed judge of magistrate court Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Alaska Territory Charles A. Sulzer (D) Lost contested election January 7, 1919 James Wickersham (R) January 7, 1919
Pennsylvania 22nd Edward E. Robbins (R) Died January 25, 1919 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 5th William P. Borland (D) Died February 20, 1919 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
North Carolina 10th Zebulon Weaver (D) Lost contested election March 1, 1919 James J. Britt (R) March 1, 1919
Kentucky 8th Harvey Helm (D) Died March 3, 1919 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Texas 12th James C. Wilson (D) Resigned March 3, 1919 to become judge of United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]