66th United States Congress

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66th United States Congress
65th ← → 67th
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1919 – March 4, 1921

Senate President: Thomas R. Marshall (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Albert B. Cummins (R)
House Speaker: Frederick H. Gillett (R)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: May 19, 1919 – November 19, 1919
2nd: December 1, 1919 – June 5, 1920
3rd: December 6, 1920 – March 3, 1921

The Sixty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, comprising the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1919 to March 4, 1921, during the last two years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major Legislation[edit]

Major events[edit]

A brief special session was called by President Wilson in March 1919, because of a filibuster that had successfully blocked appropriations bills needed to fund day-to-day government operations.[1]

Constitutional amendments[edit]

Treaties[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 53 43 96 0
Begin 46 49 95 1
End 50 96 0
Final voting share 47.9% 52.1%
Beginning of the next congress 37 59 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 2
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 6
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Kentucky
(2)
Vacant Appointed Sen. George B. Martin finished term of Sen. Ollie M. James who died during previous congress. Martin did not continue after 66th Congress. Successor elected to fill open seat. Augustus Stanley (R) May 19, 1919
Virginia
(2)
Thomas S. Martin (D) Died November 12, 1919. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Carter Glass (D) February 2, 1920
Alabama
(2)
John H. Bankhead (D) Died March 1, 1920. Successor was appointed. B. B. Comer (D) March 5, 1920
Alabama
(2)
B. B. Comer (D) Successor was elected. J. Thomas Heflin (D) November 3, 1920
Ohio
(3)
Warren G. Harding (R) Resigned January 13, 1921 after being elected President of the United States. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Frank B. Willis (R) January 14, 1921
Idaho
(3)
John F. Nugent (D) Resigned January 14, 1921 after losing election and subsequently being appointed to the Federal Trade Commission. Successor was elected. Frank R. Gooding (R) January 15, 1921

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 23
  • deaths: 13
  • resignations: 10
  • contested elections: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 32
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
Texas 12th Vacant Rep. James C. Wilson died during previous congress Fritz G. Lanham (D) April 19, 1919
Virginia 8th Vacant Rep. Charles C. Carlin died during previous congress R. Walton Moore (D) April 19, 1919
Kentucky 8th Vacant Rep. Harvey Helm died during previous congress King Swope (R) August 1, 1919
Louisiana 1st Albert Estopinal (D) Died April 28, 1919 James O'Connor (D) June 5, 1919
Alaska Territory Charles A. Sulzer (D) Died April 28, 1919 George B. Grigsby (D) June 30, 1920
Alabama 7th John L. Burnett (D) Died May 13, 1919 Lilius Bratton Rainey (D) September 30, 1919
Minnesota 4th Carl Van Dyke (D) Died May 20, 1919 Oscar Keller (R) July 1, 1919
South Carolina 6th J. Willard Ragsdale (D) Died July 23, 1919 Philip H. Stoll (D) October 7, 1919
South Carolina 7th Asbury F. Lever (D) Resigned August 1, 1919 after becoming member of the Federal Farm Loan Board Edward C. Mann (D) October 7, 1919
Oklahoma 5th Joseph B. Thompson (D) Died September 18, 1919 John W. Harreld (R) November 8, 1919
Massachusetts 10th John F. Fitzgerald (D) Lost contested election October 23, 1919 Peter F. Tague (D) October 23, 1919
North Carolina 9th Edwin Y. Webb (D) Resigned November 10, 1919 after being appointed United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina Clyde R. Hoey (D) December 16, 1919
Wisconsin 5th Victor L. Berger (Socialist) Ousted November 10, 1919 due to his conviction under the Espionage Act of 1917 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 3rd Joshua W. Alexander (D) Resigned December 15, 1919 after being appointed United States Secretary of Commerce Jacob L. Milligan (D) February 14, 1920
Virginia 4th Walter A. Watson (D) Died December 24, 1919 Patrick H. Drewry (D) April 27, 1920
New York 10th Reuben L. Haskell (R) Resigned December 31, 1919 Lester D. Volk (R) November 2, 1920
New York 14th Fiorello H. La Guardia (R) Resigned December 31, 1919 after being elected President of the New York City Board of Aldermen Nathan D. Perlman (R) November 2, 1920
Pennsylvania 3rd J. Hampton Moore (R) Resigned January 4, 1920 after being elected Mayor of Philadelphia Harry C. Ransley (R) November 2, 1920
Virginia 5th Edward W. Saunders (D) Resigned February 29, 1920 after being elected judge of State Supreme Court of Appeals Rorer A. James (D) June 1, 1920
Philippines At-large Teodoro R. Yangco Term expired March 3, 1920 Isauro Gabaldon March 4, 1920
New Jersey 1st William J. Browning (R) Died March 24, 1920 Francis F. Patterson, Jr. (R) November 2, 1920
Michigan 13th Charles A. Nichols (R) Died April 25, 1920 Clarence J. McLeod (R) November 2, 1920
New York 26th Edmund Platt (R) Resigned June 7, 1920 after being appointed to the Federal Reserve Board Hamilton Fish III (R) November 2, 1920
Oklahoma 8th Dick T. Morgan (R) Died July 4, 1920 Charles Swindall (R) November 2, 1920
Alabama 5th J. Thomas Heflin (D) Resigned November 1, 1920 after being elected to the US Senate William B. Bowling (D) December 14, 1920
Pennsylvania At-large Mahlon M. Garland (R) Died November 19, 1920 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 3rd John MacCrate (R) Resigned December 30, 1920 after being elected justice to the Supreme Court of the State of New York Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Massachusetts 9th Alvan T. Fuller (R) Resigned January 5, 1921 after being elected Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 4th Charles F. Booher (D) Died January 21, 1921 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Alabama 4th Fred L. Blackmon (D) Died February 8, 1921 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 10th Patrick McLane (D) Lost contested election February 25, 1921 John R. Farr (R) February 25, 1921
Alaska Territory George B. Grigsby (D) Lost contested election March 1, 1921 James Wickersham (R) March 1, 1921

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The official Senate website provides the full story of this filibuster as part of a biography of Charles P. Higgins[1], the Senate Sergeant-at-Arms who was the only Democrat to fill that office in a space of almost forty years.