674th Bombardment Squadron

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674th Bombardment Squadron 5THAF.png
Douglas A-20G Havoc USAF.jpg
National Museum of the USAF Douglas A-20 in Southwest Pacific markings
Active 1943–1945
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Bombardment
Nickname(s) Wolf Pack[1]
Engagements South West Pacific Theater of World War II
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation
Insignia
674th Bombardment Squadron Emblem (approved 24 July 1943)[2] 674BombSqInsigne.PNG

The 674th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Army Air Forces unit. Its last assignment was with the 417th Bombardment Group at Itami Airfield, Japan, where it was inactivated on 5 November 1945.

During World War II, the squadron operated in the Southwest Pacific Theater as a light bombardment unit during the New Guinea and Philippines campaigns. It was awarded both the Distinguished Unit Citation and the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat service.

History[edit]

Training in the United States[edit]

The 674th Bombardment Squadron was activated in the spring of 1943 at Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma as one of the original squadrons of the 417th Bombardment Group[2][3] The squadron drew its initial cadre from the 46th and 416th Bombardment Groups. Once assigned, the 674th's key personnel travelled to Orlando Army Air Base in mid-April where they received combat training from the Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics.[1]

The first Douglas A-20 Havocs arrived to equip the squadron in mid-May along with some DB-7 export models of the Havoc. Initial training of the 674th was conducted by the 46th Bombardment Group, the Operational Training Unit at Will Rogers Field.[1] The unit then moved to DeRidder Army Air Base, Louisiana[3] for advanced training. From August to September the 674th operated with the II Tactical Air Division, giving low level support to ground units on maneuvers.[4] Once training was completed The squadron departed the San Francisco Port of Embarkation by ship on New Year's Day 1944.[5]

Combat in the Southwest Pacific[edit]

Combat Crews of the 674th Bombardment Squadron in front of one of the squadron's Douglas A-20s in the Southwest Pacific Theater

The squadron arrived in New Guinea in late January 1944, where it became part of Fifth Air Force. It began combat in March, operating in support of ground forces on New Guinea and striking airfields, bridges, personnel concentrations, installations, and shipping in the area.[3] The 674th participated with other Fifth Air Force units in attacks on shipping and enemy airstrips near Hollandia on 16 April that resulted in the destruction of 298 enemy planes.[6]

The unit operated from Noemfoor from September to December 1944, attacking airfields and installations on Ceram, Halmahera, and western New Guinea.[3] Noemfoor operations included attacks on oil installations.[6] The squadron moved to the Philippines in December 1944 at the end of the New Guinea campaign. The unit's ground crews left Noemfoor by ship while the aircrew flew to the Philippines once the advance party had prepared McGuire Field for use in late December.[7] While en route, the convoy transporting the ground echelon endured two Japanese air attacks.[8]

The squadron received a Distinguished Unit Citation for attacking Japanese convoys at Lingayen between 30 December 1944 and 2 January 1945, an action that not only impaired enemy shipping and supply strength, but also helped to clear the way for the American invasion of Luzon.[3] During these attacks the 417th group sank 36,000 tons of shipping including a freighter, a destroyer escort and several transports.[9]

Until June 1945 the 674th supported ground forces and continued to attack enemy airfields, transportation, and installations on Luzon, Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao. The squadron flew its last missions in July, dropping propaganda leaflets to Japanese troops on Luzon.[3] After the Philippines were secured, the group turned its attention to Japanese targets on Formosa in early 1945.[citation needed] It moved to Okinawa in August 1945 and to Itami Air Base, Japan in November, where it was inactivated on 15 November 1945.[3]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 674th Bombardment Squadron (Light) on 23 March 1943
Activated on 28 March 1943
Inactivated on 15 November 1945[2]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft and missiles[edit]

Awards and Campaigns[edit]

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
Streamer PUC Army.PNG Distinguished Unit Citation 30 December 1944-2 January 1945 Philippine Islands[2]
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Streamer.png Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation 17 October 1944-4 July 1945 [2]
Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
Streamer APC.PNG New Guinea 28 January 1944 – 31 December 1944 [2]
Streamer APC.PNG Leyte 17 October 1944 – 1 July 1945 [2]
Streamer APC.PNG Luzon 15 December 1944 – 4 July 1945 [2]
Streamer APC.PNG Southern Philippines 27 February 1945 – 4 July 1945 [2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Green, Eugene L.; Keane, Paul A.; Callanan, Lewis E. (1946). The Sky Lancer: The 417th Bomb Group. Bangor Public Library World War Regimental Histories No. 75. Sydney, NSW, Australia: John Sands Pty., Ltd. p. 18. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 701–702. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 300–301. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. 
  4. ^ Green, et al, p. 19
  5. ^ Green, et al, p. 21
  6. ^ a b Green, et al., p. 26
  7. ^ Green, et al., p. 23
  8. ^ Green, et al., p. 24
  9. ^ Green, et al., p. 27

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]