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This article is about the year 678. For the number, see 678 (number). For the film, see 678 (film). For the Argentine TV program, see 6, 7, 8.
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 6th century7th century8th century
Decades: 640s  650s  660s  – 670s –  680s  690s  700s
Years: 675 676 677678679 680 681
678 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishment and disestablishment categories
678 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 678
Ab urbe condita 1431
Armenian calendar 127
Assyrian calendar 5428
Bengali calendar 85
Berber calendar 1628
Buddhist calendar 1222
Burmese calendar 40
Byzantine calendar 6186–6187
Chinese calendar 丁丑(Fire Ox)
3374 or 3314
    — to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3375 or 3315
Coptic calendar 394–395
Discordian calendar 1844
Ethiopian calendar 670–671
Hebrew calendar 4438–4439
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 734–735
 - Shaka Samvat 600–601
 - Kali Yuga 3779–3780
Holocene calendar 10678
Iranian calendar 56–57
Islamic calendar 58–59
Japanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar 678
Korean calendar 3011
Minguo calendar 1234 before ROC
Seleucid era 989/990 AG
Thai solar calendar 1220–1221
Pope Agatho I (678–681)

Year 678 (DCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 678 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]



  • April 27 – Emperor Tenmu holds divination for the purpose of proceeding to the Abstinence-palace.
  • May 3 – Princess Tōchi suddenly takes ill and dies within the palace. Tenmu, her father, is unable to sacrifice to the Gods of Heaven and Earth.
  • May 10 – Tōchi is buried at a place which could be Akō (Hyōgo Prefecture). Tenmu is graciously pleased to raise lament for her.

By topic[edit]


  • Wilfrid, bishop of York, is at the height of his power and owns vast estates throughout Northumbria. After his refusal to agree to a division of his see, Ecgfrith and Theodore, archbishop of Canterbury, have him banished from Northumbria.
  • April 11Pope Donus dies at Rome after a reign of 1 year and 160 days. He is succeeded by Agatho I who becomes the 79th pope. He is the first pope to stop paying tribute to Emperor Constantine IV upon election.
  • In Japan, the national worshiping to the Gods of Heaven and Earth is planned. Tenmu tries to select his daughter Tōchi as a Saiō to make her serve the Gods. However, Tōchi suddenly takes ill and dies.
  • The Beomeosa-templecomplex in Geumjeong-gu (modern South Korea) is constructed during the reign of king Munmu of Silla.




  1. ^ Haldon (1990), p. 64; Lilie (1976), pp. 78-79; Treadgold (1997), pp. 326-327; Mango & Scott (1997), p. 494