688th Cyberspace Wing
|688th Cyberspace Wing|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Cyberspace Research and Development|
|Size||1388 military and civilians|
|Part of||Twenty Fourth Air Force|
|Garrison/HQ||Joint Base San Antonio, Texas|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|Colonel Michelle Hayworth|
|688th Cyberspace Wing emblem (approved 14 June 1994|
The wing delivers information operations and engineering infrastructure for air, space, and cyberspace military operations. It supports national, joint and Air Force operations. The wing is assigned two groups.
The 318th Cyberspace Operations Group, located at Lackland, explores new cyberspace technologies to engineer next-generation weapons capabilities for operational commands. It has a test squadron for operational test and evaluation, a tactics squadron to optimize information operation tactics, techniques and procedures for weapon systems and a formal training unit to arm the Air Force's cyber units.
The 38th Cyberspace Engineering Installation Group, located at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, is the Air Force's engineering and installation group for cyberspace. Its engineering squadron provides cyberspace systems engineers to every numbered air force, major command, and air force base worldwide and forms special mission teams for operational engineering problems. The group also has another engineering and installation squadron with specialized engineering flight for unique communications services, a specialized cyber contracting squadron and a cyberspace readiness squadron for long-haul communication, Scope Edge teams and maintenance of Air Force communications.
In July 1953, United States Air Force Security Service organized the 6901st and 6902d Special Communications Centers at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas. One month later, these two organizations were replaced by the Air Force Special Communications Center, located on the other side of San Antonio, Texas at Kelly Air Force Base. The center became the Air Force Electronic Warfare Center in July 1975.
Air Force successes in exploiting enemy information systems during Operation Desert Storm led to the realization that the strategies and tactics of command and control warfare could be expanded to the entire information spectrum and be implemented as information warfare. In response, the center was redesignated the Air Force Information Operations Center on 10 September 1993, combining technical skill sets from the existing center with the Air Force Cryptologic Support Center's Securities Directorate and intelligence capabilities from the former Air Force Intelligence Command.
In May 2007, after 54 years of being aligned with United States Air Force Security Service and its successors, the center became part of Air Combat Command and was reassigned to Eighth Air Force. This assignment did not last long, for in August 2009 the center was redesignated the 688th Information Operations Wing and was assigned to Twenty-Fourth Air Force of Air Force Space Command.
Today the wing has a staff of nearly 1,400 civil and military personnel, and based in the same location as United States Strategic Command's Joint Information Operations Warfare Center. It is currently commanded by Colonel Michelle Hayworth and is subordinate to Twenty-Fourth Air Force.
- Designated on 24 July 1953 as the Air Force Special Communications Center
- Organized on 1 August 1953
- Redesignated Air Force Electronic Warfare Center on 1 July 1975
- Redesignated Air Force Information Warfare Center on 10 September 1993
- Redesignated Air Force Information Operations Center on 1 October 2006
- Redesignated 688th Information Operations Wing on 18 August 2009
- Redesignated 688th Cyberspace Wing on 13 September 2013
- United States Air Force Security Service (later Electronic Security Command, Air Force Intelligence Command, Air Intelligence Agency), 1 August 1953
- Eighth Air Force, 1 May 2007
- Twenty-Fourth Air Force, 18 August 2009 – present
- 38th Engineering Installation Group (later 38th Cyberspace Engineering Group, 38th Cyberspace Engineering and Installation Group): 3 February 2000 – present
- 318th Information Operations Group (later 318th Cyberspace Operations Group): 1 August 2000 – present
- Kelly Air Force Base (later Kelly Annex, Lackland Air Force Base. Joint Base San Antionio), 1 August 1953 – present
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 November 1965 – 1 November 1967||Air Force Special Communications Center|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||18 August 2009 – 1 October 2010||688th Information Operations Wing|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 October 2013 – 30 September 2014||688th Cyberspace Wing|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 January 1974 – 1 January 1976||Air Force Special Communications Center (later Air Force Electronic Warfare Center)|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||(2) Jan 1976 – 1 Jan 1979||Air Force Electronic Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||2 January 1979 – 31 December 1981||Air Force Electronic Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 January 1988 – 31 December 1989||Air Force Electronic Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 January 1990 – 31 December 1991||Air Force Electronic Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 May 1993 – 31 May 1994||Air Force Electronic Warfare Center (later Air Force Information Warfare Center)|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 June 1994 – 31 May 1996||Air Force Information Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 June 1996 – 31 May 1997||Air Force Information Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 June 1997 – 31 May 1998||Air Force Information Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 June 2002 – 31 May 2003||Air Force Information Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 June 2003 – 31 May 2004||Air Force Information Warfare Center|
|Air Force Organizational Excellence Award||1 June 2004 – 31 May 2006||Air Force Information Warfare Center|
- "Factsheet, 688th Cyberspace Wing". Twenty-Fourth Air Force Public Affairs. December 17, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Lacomia, John M. (August 14, 2015). "Factsheet 688 Cyberspace Wing (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Air Force News: "Official detail scope, units of AFCYBER command"
- Mukeller, p. 55
- United States Air Force, Air Force Information Operations Center Factsheet, accessed December 2008
- Intelligence Online. , accessed January 2009
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.