68th United States Congress

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68th United States Congress
67th ← → 69th
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1923 – March 4, 1925

Senate President: Calvin Coolidge (R) (until August 2, 1923)
Vacant (from August 2, 1923)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Albert B. Cummins (R)
House Speaker: Frederick H. Gillett (R)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 3, 1923 – June 7, 1924
2nd: December 1, 1924 – March 3, 1925

The Sixty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1923 to March 4, 1925, during the last months of Warren G. Harding's presidency, and the first years of his successor, Calvin Coolidge. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section??.?%

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 37 0 59 96 0
Begin 42 1 53 96 0
End 2 52
Final voting share 43.8% 2.1% 54.2%
Beginning of the next congress 40 1 55 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Farmer–Labor Socialist Vacant
End of the previous Congress 302 131 0 1 435 0
Begin 225 207 2 1 435 0
End  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??
Final voting share  ??.?%  ??.?%  ??.?%  ??.?%
Beginning of the next Congress 247 183 3 1 435 0

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate Calvin Coolidge

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senate composition, by party
President pro tempore
Albert B. Cummins
Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1928; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1924; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1926.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 0
  • vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Colorado
(3)
Samuel D. Nicholson (R) Died March 24, 1923. Successor was appointed. Alva B. Adams (D) May 17, 1923
Minnesota
(2)
Knute Nelson (R) Died April 28, 1923. Successor was elected. Magnus Johnson (FL) July 16, 1923
Vermont
(3)
William P. Dillingham (R) Died July 12, 1923. Successor was elected. Porter H. Dale (R) November 7, 1923
Rhode Island
(2)
LeBaron Bradford Colt (R) Died August 18, 1924. Successor was elected. Jesse H. Metcalf (R) November 5, 1924
Connecticut
(3)
Frank B. Brandegee (R) Died October 14, 1924. Successor was elected. Hiram Bingham III (R) December 17, 1924
Massachusetts
(1)
Henry Cabot Lodge (R) Died November 9, 1924. Successor was appointed. William M. Butler (R) November 13, 1924
Colorado
(3)
Alva B. Adams (D) Interim appointment. Successor was elected. Served until November 30, 1924. Rice W. Means (R) December 1, 1924
Illinois
(2)
Joseph M. McCormick (R) Died February 25, 1925. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Charles S. Deneen (R) February 26, 1925

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 22
  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 24
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
Illinois 2nd Vacant Rep. James R. Mann died during previous congress Morton D. Hull (R) April 3, 1923
California 10th Vacant Rep. Henry Z. Osborne died during previous congress John D. Fredericks (R) May 1, 1923
New York 16th Vacant Rep. William Bourke Cockran died during previous congress John J. O'Connor (D) November 6, 1923
Alabama 2nd John R. Tyson (D) Died March 27, 1923 Lister Hill (D) August 14, 1923
Michigan 3rd John M. C. Smith (R) Died March 30, 1923 Arthur B. Williams (R) June 19, 1923
Iowa 8th Horace M. Towner (R) Resigned April 1, 1923 after being appointed Governor of Puerto Rico Hiram K. Evans (R) June 4, 1923
New York 11th Daniel J. Riordan (D) Died April 28, 1923 Anning S. Prall (D) November 6, 1923
Illinois 4th John W. Rainey (D) Died May 4, 1923 Thomas A. Doyle (D) November 6, 1923
Arkansas 6th Lewis E. Sawyer (D) Died May 5, 1923 James B. Reed (D) October 6, 1923
Washington 5th J. Stanley Webster (R) Resigned May 8, 1923 after being appointed to United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington Samuel B. Hill (D) September 25, 1923
North Carolina 2nd Claude Kitchin (D) Died May 31, 1923 John H. Kerr (D) November 6, 1923
New York 32nd Luther W. Mott (R) Died July 10, 1923 Thaddeus C. Sweet (R) November 6, 1923
Vermont 2nd Porter H. Dale (R) Resigned August 11, 1923 after becoming a candidate for the US Senate Ernest Willard Gibson (R) November 6, 1923
Kentucky 7th J. Campbell Cantrill (D) Died September 2, 1923 Joseph W. Morris (D) November 30, 1923
New York 24th James V. Ganly (D) Died September 7, 1923 Benjamin L. Fairchild (R) November 6, 1923
Mississippi 3rd Benjamin G. Humphreys II (D) Died October 16, 1923 William Y. Humphreys (D) November 27, 1923
Kentucky 9th William J. Fields (D) Resigned December 11, 1923 Fred M. Vinson (D) January 24, 1924
Louisiana 2nd H. Garland Dupré (D) Died February 21, 1924 James Z. Spearing (D) April 22, 1924
Illinois 14th William J. Graham (R) Resigned June 7, 1924 after being appointed to the United States Court of Customs Appeals Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Kansas 2nd Edward C. Little (R) Died June 27, 1924 Ulysses S. Guyer (R) November 4, 1924
North Dakota 2nd George M. Young (R) Resigned September 2, 1924 after being appointed to the Board of General Appraisers Thomas Hall (R) November 4, 1924
Massachusetts 15th William S. Greene (R) Died September 22, 1924 Robert M. Leach (R) November 4, 1924
Maryland 5th Sydney E. Mudd II (R) Died October 11, 1924 Stephen W. Gambrill (D) November 4, 1924
California 4th Julius Kahn (R) Died December 18, 1924 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]