6 Metre

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Class symbol
Class symbol
1912 mac miche.PNG
French Mac Miche – gold medalist at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm.
Development
Year 1907 (rule design)
Design Development class

The International Six Metre class is a class of classic racing yachts. Sixes are a construction class, meaning that the boats are not identical but are all designed to meet specific measurement formula, in this case International rule. At their heyday, Sixes were the most important international yacht racing class, and they are still raced around the world. "Six metre" in class name does not, somewhat confusingly, refer to length of the boat, but product of the formula; 6mR boats are, on average, 10–11 metres long.

History[edit]

Danish Nurdug II. Silver medalist at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm

The International rule was set up in 1907 to replace numerous handicap systems which were often local, or at best national, and often also fairly simple, producing extreme boats which were fast but lightly constructed and impractical. The Six Metre class was not the smallest rating established under the rule, but was nonetheless the most popular, and they were chosen as an Olympic class in 1908. However, it was not until revision of the Rule in 1920 when the Sixes really became a popular international racing class. The 1920s and '30s were 'golden age' of the International Rule boats and Sixes were still the most popular class, attracting top sailors and designers to compete for prestigious trophies such as Scandinavian Gold Cup and Olympic medals.

Alexander Robertson & Sons produced a total of five 6-Metre yachts between 1921 and 1953. In 1937 their young naval architect David Boyd designed the sleek 6-Metre racing yacht Circe, which was described by many as the most successful racing yacht produced at the yard. Mr J. Herbert Thom, one of the Clyde's best helmsmen sailed the yacht with tremendous success in America in 1938 and brought back the Seawanhaka Cup, which was successfully defended in home waters the following year. In later years Circe represented Russia in the 1952 Summer Olympics.

However, Sixes were also criticized as having become too expensive and towards the end of the 1930s they became more so, making the class too exclusive, as under what is known as the Second International rule (1920–33) the yachts had gone from being less than 9.1 metres (30 ft) in overall length to being almost 12 metres (40 ft). By 1929, 5 Metre class was becoming more popular as a cheaper and smaller alternative for Sixes, but the final blow was creation of International 5.5 metre class in 1949. 5.5 m soon replaced 6mR as the premier international racing class, and after 1952 Helsinki Olympics Sixes were dropped from Olympic regattas. The Gold Cup was also transferred to 5.5 m class from 1953 onwards.

Despite this, the class continued to exist, and new boats were made utilising the newest contemporary technologies, although sparingly. During the 1980s, many old sailboat classes experienced revival of interest and Sixes were at the forefront of this development. The Class has undergone a renaissance which has continued to the day, with many old yachts restored or rebuilt to racing condition, and 6mR competition is once again thriving. Performance differences between classic and modern era Sixes are usually small and they can be raced together.

Events[edit]

Olympics[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Gilbert Laws
Thomas McMeekin
Charles Crichton
 Belgium (BEL)
Léon Huybrechts
Louis Huybrechts
Henri Weewauters
 France (FRA)
Henri Arthus
Louis Potheau
Pierre Rabot
1912 Stockholm
details
 France (FRA)
Gaston Thubé
Amédée Thubé
Jacques Thubé
 Denmark (DEN)
Hans Meulengracht-Madsen
Steen Herschend
Sven Thomsen
 Sweden (SWE)
Eric Sandberg
Otto Aust
Harald Sandberg
1920 Antwerp
1907 rule
details
 Belgium (BEL)
Emile Cornellie
Frédéric Bruynseels
Florimond Cornellie
 Norway (NOR)
Einar Torgersen
Leif Erichsen
Andreas Knudsen
 Norway (NOR)
Henrik Agersborg
Einar Berntsen
Trygve Pedersen
1920 Antwerp
1919 rule
details
 Norway (NOR)
Andreas Brecke
Paal Kaasen
Ingolf Rød
 Belgium (BEL)
Léon Huybrechts
Charles van den Bussche
John Klotz
No further competitors
1924 Paris
details
 Norway (NOR)
Anders Lundgren
Christopher Dahl
Eugen Lunde
 Denmark (DEN)
Vilhelm Vett
Knud Degn
Christian Nielsen
 Netherlands (NED)
Johan Carp
Anthonij Guépin
Jan Vreede
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Norway (NOR)
Johan Anker
Erik Anker
Håkon Bryhn
Crown Prince Olav
 Denmark (DEN)
Vilhelm Vett
Aage Høy-Petersen
Nils Otto Møller
Peter Schlütter
 Estonia (EST)
Nikolai Vekšin
Andreas Faehlmann
Georg Faehlmann
Eberhard Vogdt
William von Wirén
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Sweden (SWE)
Tore Holm
Olle Åkerlund
Åke Bergqvist
Martin Hindorff
 United States (USA)
Robert Carlson
Temple Ashbrook
Frederic Conant
Emmett Davis
Donald Douglas
Charles Smith
 Canada (CAN)
Philip Rogers
Gardner Boultbee
Ken Glass
Jerry Wilson
1936 Berlin
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Christopher Boardman
Miles Bellville
Russell Harmer
Charles Leaf
Leonard Martin
 Norway (NOR)
Magnus Konow
Karsten Konow
Fredrik Meyer
Vaadjuv Nyqvist
Alf Tveten
 Sweden (SWE)
Sven Salén
Lennart Ekdahl
Martin Hindorff
Torsten Lord
Dagmar Salén
1948 London
details
 United States (USA)
Herman Whiton
Alfred Loomis
Michael Mooney
James Smith
James Weekes
 Argentina (ARG)
Enrique Sieburger, Sr.
Emilio Homps
Rodolfo Rivademar
Rufino Rodríguez de la Torre
Enrique Sieburger, Jr.
Julio Sieburger
 Sweden (SWE)
Tore Holm
Carl Robert Ameln
Martin Hindorff
Torsten Lord
Gösta Salén
1952 Helsinki
details
 United States (USA)
John Adams Morgan
  
  

World Cup[edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1973 Seattle  United States
Tom Blackaller
1975 Sandhamn  Sweden
Patric Fredell
1977 Marstrand  Sweden
Pelle Pettersson
1979 Seattle  Sweden
Pelle Pettersson
1981 Lake Constance no champion decided
1983 Newport Harbor[1]  Sweden
Pelle Pettersson
1985 Cannes   Switzerland
Philippe Dürr
1987 Oyster Bay  Great Britain
Bruce Owen
1989 Marstrand  United States
John Kostecki
1991 Torquay  Sweden
Leif Carlsson
1993 Cannes  Italy
Flavio Favini
Toni Bassani
1995 Sandhamn  Sweden
Carl-Gustav Piehl
 Sweden
Jacob Wallenberg
 Sweden
Thomas Lundqvist
1997 Cannes  Great Britain
Bruce Owen
Jonathan Howe
Rob Lipsett
Jonny Smallridge
Guy Barron
 Sweden
Mats Johansson
 Sweden
Patric Fredell
1999 Hanko   Switzerland
Bernard Haissly
Nicolas Berthoud
Christophe Megavand
Jean Michel Pachoud
Gerald Bechard
 Finland
Tom Jungell
Henrik Lundberg
Jari Bremer
Mikael Blom
Abe Kaakinen
 Germany
Dietrich Grünau
Albert Batzill
Eddy Eich
Hannes Brochier
Albert Diesch
2003 St.-Tropez  Sweden
Carl-Gustav Piehl
 Germany
Dietrich Grünau
Albert Batzill
 Sweden
John Michael Larsson
2005 Sandhamn  Courage IX (GER)
Dietrich Grünau
Albert Batzill
Eddy Eich
 Battlecry (GBR)
Ben Clothier
 Fleau (SUI)
Bernard Haissly
2007 Cowes  Fleau (SUI)
Bernard Haissly
 Battlecry (GBR)
Ben Clothier
John Prentice
 Courage IX (GER)
Dietrich Grünau
2009 Newport  Sophie II (SWE)
Hugo Stenbeck
 Scoundrel (GBR)
Rob Gray
 Arunga (USA)
Bob Cadranell
2011 Helsinki  Junior (FRA)
Yann Marilley
 May Be XIV (SWE)
Patric Fredell
 Sophie II (SWE)
Hugo Stenbeck
2013 Flensburg  St. Francis IX (CAN)
Ross MacDonald
Andrew Costa
Steve Kinsey
Timothy Vogel
Tony Griffin
 Valhalla (GBR)
Robert Smith
John Pollard
Nick Pearson
Paul Smith
Stephen Procter
 Courage IX (GER)
Albert Batzill
Dietrich Grünau
Albert Diensch
Eddy Eich
Hannes Brochier
2015 La Trinité-sur-Mer  Junior No Limit Yacht (FRA)
Yann Marilley
Nicolas Berthoud
Kaspar Schadegg
Philippe Dürr
Alexandre Nicole
 Sophie (SWE)
Hugo Stenbeck
 Blade (CAN)
Steve Kinsey
2017 Vancouver[2]  Junior (SUI)
Philippe Durr
 New Sweden (CAN)
Ben Mumford
 St. Francis IX (GBR)
Andy Beadsworth

Scandinavian Gold Cup[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]