6th of October City

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6th of October City
October city.jpg
6th of October City is located in Egypt
6th of October City
6th of October City
Location in Egypt
6th of October City is located in Lower Egypt
6th of October City
6th of October City
Location in Lower Egypt
Coordinates: 29°59′N 30°58′E / 29.983°N 30.967°E / 29.983; 30.967
Country  Egypt
Governorate Giza
Population
 • Total 500,000
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

6th of October City[note 1] is a city in Giza Governorate, a satellite town and part of the urban area of Cairo, Egypt, 32 km (20 miles) outside the city.[1] It has a population ranging between some 185,000 in the city to an estimated 500,000 inhabitants in the wider area.[2]

6th of October City was the capital of the now defunct 6th of October Governorate. A new city in the desert,[3] it hosts Egyptian students and students from various countries, such as the Gulf, Jordan, and the Palestinian territories, who study at its private universities.

Establishment[edit]

The settlement was established in 1979 by the 504th presidential decree of Egyptian president Anwar El Sadat. It is 17 km from the great pyramids of Giza and 32 km from downtown Cairo.[4] The city has a total area of 97.4 thousand feddans (400 km2) and, eventually, is expected to have 3.7 million inhabitants, although there are many unoccupied or incomplete buildings.[5]

It was announced as the capital of the 6th of October Governorate in April 2008. Following the governorate's dissolution in April 2011, in the wake of the Egyptian revolution, it was reincorporated into the Giza Governorate, to which it had originally belonged.

The city's name commemorates the commencement of the October War on 6 October 1973. For this reason, the date was chosen as Egypt's Armed Forces Day.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh). Its climate is very similar to Giza and Cairo, owing to its proximity to them.

Climate data for 6th of October City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
20
(68)
23.1
(73.6)
27.6
(81.7)
31.7
(89.1)
34.1
(93.4)
34.4
(93.9)
34.1
(93.4)
31.9
(89.4)
29.6
(85.3)
24.8
(76.6)
20
(68)
27.48
(81.46)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12
(54)
13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
19.5
(67.1)
23.5
(74.3)
26.2
(79.2)
27.2
(81)
26.9
(80.4)
24.9
(76.8)
22.6
(72.7)
18.5
(65.3)
13.8
(56.8)
20.34
(68.65)
Average low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
6.3
(43.3)
8.8
(47.8)
11.5
(52.7)
15.4
(59.7)
18.3
(64.9)
20
(68)
19.8
(67.6)
18
(64)
15.7
(60.3)
12.2
(54)
7.6
(45.7)
13.27
(55.86)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
6
(0.24)
25
(1)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

Vital headquarters[edit]

6th of October City is the headquarters of the Confederation of African Football. It hosts Egypt's Smart Village, the technology park and regional hub for many companies in the IT and financial sectors.[citation needed]

Business[edit]

6th of October City has one of the largest industrial zones in Egypt on which the entire city is established. The industrial zone provides jobs for employees within the city as well as from other parts of Giza. It is accompanied by a banking sector that groups branches of all banks in Egypt in an area that is close to the industrial area to serve the needs of the industry and residents.

Some of the largest businesses in 6th of October City are mentioned below:

Education facilities[edit]

There are seven private universities in 6th of October City, including two private medical schools at Misr University for Science and Technology and October 6 University.

Universities and Institutes[edit]

Secondary schools and international schools[edit]

Health services[edit]

The city has several teaching, public, and private hospitals as well as many smaller clinics.

Hospitals[edit]

Tourism and hotels[edit]

Hotels[edit]

  • Hilton Pyramids Golf Resort
  • Mövenpick Hotel & Casino Cairo - Media City
  • Novotel Hotel
  • Sheraton Dreamland Hotel & Conference Center
  • Swiss Inn Pyramids Golf Resort & Swiss Inn Plaza

Infrastructure[edit]

6th of October Airport is used for transport of products and materials to and from the city.

A panorama showing a part of 6th of October.

Leisure and entertainment[edit]

The city has a wide variety of entertainment and leisure activities for families and individuals.

Shopping malls[edit]

There are seven mega malls (four under construction ), as well as many small malls and centers with an average of three for each city.

  • Cairo Gate (under construction)
  • Cityscape Mall
  • City Stars 6th of October (under construction)
  • Dandy Mega Mall
  • Mall Of Arabia - Cairo
  • Mall of Egypt (under construction, due 2015)
  • Unknown Porto October Mall (under Construction, due 2017)

Cinemas[edit]

6th of October has 10 cinema complexes, 4 of which are under construction.

  • Cityscape Cinemas
  • Dandy Mega Mall Cinemas
  • Galaxy Cineplex - Mall of Arabia
  • Good News - MUST
  • Good News - Sheikh Zayed (under construction, due 2014)
  • IMAX Theater in Plaza Cinemas
  • Mall of Egypt Cinemas (under construction, due 2015)
  • Plaza Cinemas
  • Ramw Mall Cinemas (under construction, due 2014)
  • Renaissance Cinemas

Clubs[edit]

There are eight sporting clubs (with one under construction).

  • 6 October Club
  • BlackBall Club
  • Egyptian Shooting Club - October
  • Engineering Syndicate Club
  • Lawyers Syndicate Club
  • Ruya Club
  • Wadi Degla - 6 October Rawda
  • Wadi Degla - 6 October (under construction, due 2013)

Other entertainment[edit]

the city has two paintball fields (Adrenaline Paintball and KEE Action Park). There are two amusement parks: Dream Park and Mega Park (under construction).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arabic: مدينة السادس من أكتوبرMadīnat as-Sādis min Uktōbar
  1. ^ "To Catch Cairo Overflow, 2 Megacities Rise in Sand" article by Thanassis Cambanis in The New York Times August 24, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  2. ^ Emporis GmbH. "6th of October City - Buildings - EMPORIS". emporis.com. 
  3. ^ Neil MacFarquhar, David Rohde, Aram Roston: Mubarak Family Riches Attract New Focus. The New York Times, February 12, 2011, retrieved February 13, 2011
  4. ^ "City Arrival". New Urban Communities Authority. Retrieved 2008-11-28. 
  5. ^ "Land Use". New Urban Communities Authority. Retrieved 2008-11-28. 
  6. ^ "Climate: 6th of October - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Contact Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  8. ^ "Contact Coldwell Benaker New Homes Egypt". Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-19. 
  9. ^ Satyam. "Welcome to GMArabia Corporate Information". Gmegypt.com. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  10. ^ "Seoudi Group 1001 opportunities for investment in Egypt and Arab World". Seoudi.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  11. ^ "Home." American International School in Egypt West Campus. Retrieved on January 25, 2015. "AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL IN EGYPT WEST CAMPUS Sheikh Zayed City Entrance 2 Greens Compound"
  12. ^ "Contact Us." British International School in Cairo. Retrieved on 23 January 2015. "Physical Address: Km 38, Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, Beverly Hills, 6th of October City, Egypt, 12451" - See map
  13. ^ "Contact Us." International School of Choueifat 6th of October City. Retrieved on 24 January 2015. "The International School of Choueifat - City of 6 October, Egypt Dreamland, City of 6 October, Al Giza, Egypt"

Coordinates: 29°56′17″N 30°54′50″E / 29.938126°N 30.91398°E / 29.938126; 30.91398