6-inch howitzer M1908

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6 inch Howitzer, Model of 1908
6inM-1908.jpg
M1908 at the U.S. Army Field Artillery Museum, Ft. Sill, OK
Type Heavy howitzer
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1910-1920
Used by United States
Wars World War I
Production history
Designer Bethlehem Steel
Designed 1906-1909
Manufacturer
Produced 1910-1916
No. built 42
Specifications
Weight 7,354 pounds (3,336 kg)
Barrel length 81.5 inches (207 cm) bore (13.6 calibers)
Crew 9

Shell 120 pounds (54 kg), common steel or shrapnel, separate loading, bag charge with brass obturation case
Calibre 6 in (152.4 mm)
Breech interrupted screw
Recoil hydrospring
Elevation -5° to 40°
Traverse
Muzzle velocity 900 feet per second (270 m/s)
Maximum firing range 6,700 yards (6,125 m) (40° max elevation)

The 6 inch Howitzer, Model of 1908 was the standard American heavy howitzer before World War I. Forty-two of these weapons had been produced before 1917 and all were employed for training stateside in that war. For combat use in France the Canon de 155 C mle 1917 Schneider was purchased. All surviving weapons were retired during the 1920s.[1]

It is unusual among American-designed field artillery weapons in that it has the recoil cylinder situated above the barrel. The 4.7-inch howitzer M1908/M1912 shared this feature.[2][3] The 75 mm Gun M1917 also had this, but is based on the British Ordnance QF 18-pounder.

Ammunition was either common steel shell with a base fuze or shrapnel with a combination time/percussion fuze.[4][1]

See also[edit]

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Williford, pp. 76-77
  2. ^ Photos of 4.7-inch howitzer M1912 preserved in Algoma, Wisconsin
  3. ^ Schreier Jr., Konrad F., "U.S. Army Field Artillery Weapons 1866-1917", Military Collector & Historian, 1968, pp. 40-45
  4. ^ Handbook 1917, pp. 22-23

External links[edit]