6-inch howitzer M1908
|6 inch Howitzer, Model of 1908|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||United States|
|Wars||World War I|
|Weight||7,354 pounds (3,336 kg)|
|Barrel length||81.5 inches (207 cm) bore (13.6 calibers)|
|Shell||120 pounds (54 kg), common steel or shrapnel, separate loading, bag charge with brass obturation case|
|Calibre||6 in (152.4 mm)|
|Elevation||-5° to 40°|
|Muzzle velocity||900 feet per second (270 m/s)|
|Maximum firing range||6,700 yards (6,125 m) (40° max elevation)|
The 6 inch Howitzer, Model of 1908 was the standard American heavy howitzer before World War I. Forty-two of these weapons had been produced before 1917 and all were employed for training stateside in that war. For combat use in France the Canon de 155 C mle 1917 Schneider was purchased. All surviving weapons were retired during the 1920s.
It is unusual among American-designed field artillery weapons in that it has the recoil cylinder situated above the barrel. The 4.7-inch howitzer M1908/M1912 shared this feature. The 75 mm Gun M1917 also had this, but is based on the British Ordnance QF 18-pounder.
Weapons of comparable role, performance and era
- 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze M 94 : approximate Austro-Hungarian equivalent
- BL 6-inch 30 cwt howitzer : approximate British equivalent
- Rimailho Model 1904TR : approximate French equivalent
- 152 mm howitzer M1910 : approximate French/Russian equivalent
- 15 cm sFH 02 : approximate German equivalent
- Williford, pp. 76-77
- Photos of 4.7-inch howitzer M1912 preserved in Algoma, Wisconsin
- Schreier Jr., Konrad F., "U.S. Army Field Artillery Weapons 1866-1917", Military Collector & Historian, 1968, pp. 40-45
- Handbook 1917, pp. 22-23
- Ordnance Corps, United States Army (1917). Handbook of the 6-inch Howitzer Materiel, Model of 1908 and 1908MI. Washington: Government Printing Office.
- 108th Field Artillery (1918). Field Artilleryman's Guide, 3 inch Gun, 4.7 and 6 inch Howitzer, Second Edition. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co.
- Williford, Glen M. (2016). American Breechloading Mobile Artillery, 1875-1953. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7643-5049-8.
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